S: I'm going to behead you
FC: Proposal to Terpakistan | Ben McCool Gerald Christian
1: Understanding that the independent state of Terpakistan is undergoing reconstruction under a similar set of circumstances as post Civil-War America, it is critical that the different aspects of reconstruction are understood and that critical mistakes be avoided. With this proposal, it is our hope that the State of Terpakistan will learn from the history of the United States and enact its own reconstruction in the most effective way. With this reconstruction, it is assumed that the state of Terpakistan hopes to accomplish the reclamation and of territory that has been inhabited by the party that seceded from Terpakistan and the creation of functional, agreeable communities in these areas. With this history of our reconstruction, you may achieve this with less strife. | Proposal to the State of Terpakistan | Concerning Reconstruction
2: Events We Learned from in Urun | The Panic of 1873 | It was an economic crisis, started with bad railroad investments, which then leads to closure of smaller banks, stock market plummet, business shut down, and jobs were taken from thousands. This event hurts the Republicans politically, causing Democrats victory in midterm election of 1874. To avoid economic crisis first you must avoid corruption in the government, by electing effective president not from his/her reputation but from the mind, and orderly government.
3: General Sherman's Order #15 | This was an order during the civil was stipulating that 400,000 acres of land along the Atlantic Coast was to be reserved for thousands of freed slave families, but this never carried through, as it was revoked by president Johnson later. In the interest of your country, this action, though it was revoked by our President, would have greatly benefited a long persecuted people. So our advice to you would be to ensure that resources are supplied to those who are persecuted and so cannot attain them personally, In Terpakistan, maybe the lowly can retain their privileges, unlike in America.
4: Redemption | The South Democrats want to gain control of South from the Republicans. They intimidated A.A. and white Republican voters with militia, restored various forms of election frauds, and called whites to help “redeem” the South from “Black Republican” They won back Republican supporters, and spread & worsen racism. In 1876 the Democrats controlled Southern states legislatures, but Florida, S. Carolina, and Louisiana, because A.A. voters in those states were protected by Union troops and able to keep Republicans in power. Try to dissolve "racism" or categorizing any sort of people, and enforce equality or fairness in terms of rights.
5: The Compromise of 1877 | At the presidental election of 1876, the Republicans nominated Rutherford B Hayes because he was thought to be a moral man, who wanted to end reconstruction, while Democrat nominated Samuel Tilden, a wealthy man who tried to end corruption. This election had frauds, so Congress had a commission of 15 members of Senate, House, and Supreme Court (8 Rep., 7 Dem.). It was still debated unfair. But then several Southern Democrats joined Republicans to make Hayes won. This event is thought to had a promise from the Republicans to pull federal troops from South if Hayes won, called the Compromise of 1877. Try to avoid any contracts, or similar sorts, for any elections and avoid unfair elections by securing elections and enforcing the rights of people to vote securely.
6: The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson - 1868 | Andrew Johnson refused to enforce the laws supported by the Republicans in the Congress, so the Congress pass Tenure of Office Act to prevent Johnson from acting on his own. Johnson broke that law, again, and the House of Representative “impeach” him of “high crimes and misdemeanors.” The Senate put him on trial, and he was one vote short from being guilty, but those senate who refuse argue that it was dangerous to impeach a president with only that reason. And those Senate were right. A president should have some say but overall to avoid this kind of conflict you should wisely elect presidents. | The Caning of Charles Sumner - 1856 | Charles Sumner was the Senator of Mass, part of the Radical Republicans, and an abolitionist. He believed that South Senators supported slavery. | He accused them of forcing Kansas to be a slave state, and specifically pointed out Andrew P. Butler, senator of South Carolina.
7: Hiram Revels | Hiram Revels was the first African American elected to be a U.S. Senate, in 1870. He was a minister in Afr. Methodist Church, then a pastor and principal of and A.A. school; he earned respect from whites and A.A. This proves that categorizing people or "racism" is not only unhealthy for any society because it only destroy the peace in communities but also a false opinion | People We learned from in Urun | Then a relative of Butler’s, the Representative Preston Brooks, assaulted Sumner for its a Southerner’s Code of Man to defend his relatives honor. This violence caused the separation of North and South. I suggest that conflicts between two very different point of view should be settled peacefully and wisely, without opinionated accusation. And to avoid all of these you must effectively unite any opposing factions and such, most likely finding something in common.
8: Ulysses S. Grant | He continued to promote commerce and industry, which helped pay off the Civil Wars bonds (sin taxes) but the Democrat and Liberal Republican argued that it only benefited the wealthy. So the Republican Party split. The Liberal Republican left and nominated Horace Greeley to end Grant's term. Though the Democrats supported this, Grant still won his 2nd term. Though, Grant lost his reputation in his 2nd term because of scandals and corruption in the government, which cause the panic of 1873. Grant is not the kind of effective president you want, and you do not want to elect a president only because he/she was famous in any way, in Grant's case, even if he was a strong military leader. | Grant was a commander of Union Forces from the Civil War, and he was famous for that. Because of this fame, he was elected in 1868, though he has little experience in politics. He believes that his role as a president was to carry out laws only, and to not interfere with the Congress in developing policies. This pleased the Radical Republicans, but not the Liberal Republican.
9: Plans that were Attempted in the Reconstruction of Urun | The 10% Plan- 1863 | Also called Lincoln's plan , this plan stipulated that all ex-confederate citizens would receive amnesty and new states would be created where 10% of the population swore a preprepared oath to the union. This was not passed however because it was deemed not harsh enough on the south. If you are going to learn anything from the 10% plan, it should be that a reconstruction needs to change the establishment if problems are to be fixed within the country. This plan would have simply pardoned the South and re-established states that could suppress their pride, but they would not be any different, at least not under the 10% plan specifically. The states may have been made different by the people, but there was room in this plan for another confederacy to form, so let your plans decisively enact change.
10: The Radical Reconstruction- 1863 | Born of the ideals of radical republicans, this plan was intended not to reconcile with the south, but to ”revolutionize southern institutions, habits, and manners.”
11: There were three main goals: To prevent the leaders of the confederacy from returning to power after the war, To establish the Republican party as a powerful institution in the South, and to establish African American suffrage in the south. This plan was not used because it was too extreme in its bid for complete radical change. The people of the South, and others of the same mindset, could not have adapted to this change, because it was too different from the current establishment, many people would have revolted and caused more conflict and hate between North and South. Make sure your plans account for each groups ideals and don't obstinately ignore one groups ideals, even if those ideals are not conducive to a peaceful society, because then people get angry and, as a result, hurt. Peoples ideals will change, and compromise is the best way to enact tolerable change.
12: This was Johnson's reconstruction plan for the south, it gave amnesty to all southern citizens except for ex-confederate officers and officials, and former confederates who owned more than $20,000 worth of land, otherwise, plantation owners. This would isolate the “cause of the civil war,” and these people had to apply to the president personally to be pardoned. This plan also included a proclamation that required former confederate states to revoke their ordinances of secession and ratify the thirteenth amendment. Johnson did this all, however, while congress was out of session, and in that time, many former confederates were elected to congress. This plan was despicable, only hoping to end reconstruction with the ideals of the confederacy intact, but these ideals could not exist in the United States government. These leaders of the confederacy may have been able to contribute to the establishment, but they had too recently participated in rebellion and angered too many people in America to lead them. The plan was not used, and let you know that a plan should not yield to the ideals of a rebellion. | The Presidents Reconstruction- May 1865 | The Military Reconstruction- 1867 | His act essentially wiped out Johnson's programs. It divided the former confederacy, except for Tennessee, into five military districts governed by
13: regional generals. It required that each state had to create a constitution acceptable to congress, which grants suffrage to all men of age, regardless of race, and ratify the fourteenth amendment. These requirements had to be met before the states could vote for congress. Through this, by 1868, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, and Arkansas were readmitted into the union. This plan has been effective in both suppressing the ideals of the rebellion and in creating new states that support the union. In the interest of your country, be critical of any plan and find the right one to continue with.
14: carpetbaggers was the derogatory name given to white northerners who traveled south in the reconstruction era, they often took office but were seen as intrusive by southerners, some had ill intentions, such as politicians taking easy office, but others wanted to help, like schoolteachers Scalawags was another derogatory name, for southerners who supported northern republicans and reconstruction, some were ex-whigs, or small farmers. Some were business people looking to develop the southern economy. These prejudices may occur where there is a mixing of different ideals, but they are not integral to reconstruction. | Examples of Social Discourse in the South
15: Amendments Made in Urun | The 13th amendment passed at the end of the civil war in 1865, banned slavery in the united states. | The 14th amendment, passed in 1866, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the united states and declared that no state could deprive any person of life, liberty, or property “without protection of the laws.” This was a republican attempt to reinforce the civil rights act. | The 15th Amendment, passed in 1868, was intended to protect African American suffrage, it declared that the right to vote “shall not be denied on account of race, color, or by previous condition of servitude.” All of these amendments were created in order to establish equal rights for African Americans, but in Terpakistan, it is recommended that equal rights are ensured for all people.
16: US v. Cruikshank - 1876 | A Supreme Court decision in constitutional law that dealt with the application of the Bill of Rights to state government, after 14th Amendment. The Cruikshank side argued that the amendments apply state actions only, not individual actions. The 14th amendment vaguely said otherwise, that the federal government have power to legislate the actions of individuals who restrict the constitutional rights of others. This was a debate of the convictions of the murderers in the Colfax Massacre. Well maybe when trying to pass laws / ect., be more specific, don't hesitate and be bias, as in meaning to focus to only one thing without calculating other factors or possible views | The Slaughterhouse Cases | A case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1873. It was the first interpretation of 14th Amendment, which declared that U.S. citizens’ privileges are protected, not state citizens’ privileges. Initially this law was meant for black people at first, but cause its by vagueness, it could apply to any "race" of people. Similar case with the U.S. vs. Cruikshank case above.
17: Racial Struggle in Urun | Black Codes | As a result of Southern Congressmen, the new southern state legislature appointed these black codes to severely limit the rights of African Americans. Many states required that African Americans had to enter into labor contracts, and African American children were forced into apprenticeships, in which they could be whipped or beaten. This horrible change was an opposition to reconstruction, trying to re-establish an unfair system, this is one of the worst things that could happen in a state, especially during reconstruction. In Terpakistan, never let the government oppress any group of people.
18: Sharecropping v. Tenant Farming | African Americans hoped to return to the south and be granted some land of their own, but instead many ended up working on plantations owned by whites and either worked as tenant farmers or eventually became sharecroppers. Tenant farmers paid rent for the land they farmed, and sharecroppers paid a large share of their crops as rent, and because sharecroppers needed to produce more, they often had to buy supplies on credit, and as a result of massive debt, many became trapped on their land because they couldn't make enough money to pay their debts. These are both unfair ways of trapping African Americans into slavery with debt, but tenant farming would seem preferable, as it did not require the farmer to buy extra supplies. These institutions were a step backward for reconstruction.
19: The Port Royal Experiment- 1861 | The Port Royal Experiment was program in which freed slaves worked and lived off of plantations that had been abandoned by their white owners in the Civil War. Freed slaves formed a self-sufficient and successful community with equal work and reward. They formed the town of Mitchellville, but President Johnson returned the property back to its owners in 1865. The establishment of this colony was a great accomplishment until it was discontinued. This is the metaphoric "One step forward, two steps back."
20: With a great opportunity to confirm the status of African Americans as equal, the influence of racism remained strong. This, however, was not necessarily a failure, in terms of reconstruction. While a new community was not formed in the South for African Americans, the record of this exists, so it must have been noted that African Americans were so successful. The history in this case provided the evidence of change, for us as well as those at the time. | The Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the Civil RIghts Act of 1875 | The Civil Rights Act of 1866 grant citizenships to all persons born in U.S. except Native Americans. It was an effort to override the black codes, allow African Americans to own properties and treat them equally. The Federal government can sue people who violate these rights. The Civil Rights of 1875 was proposed by Charles Sumner and Benjamin F. Butler in 1870 and passed by Congress & signed by Grant in 1875. It guaranteed equal treatment in facilities that serves the general public for any one of any race of any background, and could penalize any who break this law. But then Supreme Court declared its unconstitutional, because discrimination was prohibited by the state, but the state cannot forbid discrimination from private individuals. Enacting these acts are one way to help dissolving "racism" or any distinction biases.
21: The Ku Klux Klan | This group is something that you don't want your public/society to have. It's a group started in 1866 with a shared goal, which is to strike against Republicans that runs their states and to drive out union troops and carpetbaggers. Also it wanted to gain Democratic control in the South. You can avoid having this by enforcing laws strictly and be fair at the same time. Like the Enforcement Acts that Congress passed in 1870-1871. They established that Its a federal crime to interfere with citizen's right to vote, and Federal elections were put under supervision, the KKK Act, outlawed KKK activities. | Groups we learned from in Urun
22: On April 13, 1873, in Colfax, Louisiana, White League, a group similar to KKK, caused a violent breakout of terrorizing Republican supporters and African American. They were encountering with the state militia, which consist of mostly black soldiers. About 100 black men died, half were murdered even after they had already surrendered. This was when Grant enrolled as the president and after the 14th and 15th amendments were passed, which is when Southern Democrats lost control of the South and blacks were guaranteed equal citizenship. Grant did restore order, temporarily by using federal militia, and convicted few whites of the murders. But to ultimately resolve this issue, the president must not be someone ineffective like Grant, little knowledge of politics and only represent a portion of the nation. And the action he did would help, that is sometimes to be effective threatening helps. | The Colfax Massacre - 1873
23: This Bureau was given the task of feeding and clothing war refugees in the south using surplus army supplies, it helped prevent mass starvation in the south. It also helped formerly enslaved people to find paid work on plantations and had great influence in the education of African Americans. This was a great step for reconstruction, providing substantial aid in establishing functioning American communities. This group was a model of reconstruction and establishing these kinds of groups may be integral to reconstructing a state. | The Freedman's Bureau- 1865 | Here, a bureau agent stands between an angry an angry mob and a group of freedman.
24: In the interest of your country, We hope that you know now what is the best course of action. The American Reconstruction was long and not without its flaws, and out of it came many constructive and destructive things. Overall, its value is debatable, certainly it accomplished its goals in creating new functioning states that support the Union, but many ideals of the Confederacy remained in the South. Without question however, it is imperative that your reconstruction is carried out with good intention and ideals behind it, just as The American Reconstruction was.