S: The Good Life
BC: what will you do?
FC: The Good Life By Rachael Westergard
1: The Good Life By Rachael Westergard
2: The Carbon Cycle. | All life on Earth is based on carbon. The carbon cycle consists of the movement of carbon in various forms between Earth's biogeochemical reserves. These include the oceans, the atmosphere, plants, animals, soil, and rocks. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere traps heat, which contributes to the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect occurs when the surface of the earth heats up. This also sparks concerns about global warming ,which is a worldwide issue.
3: The Cycle Carbon enters plants from the atmosphere. With the help of photosynthesis, carbon dioxide is used as plant food from carbon. From there, carbon moves to animals through food chains. Animals that eat plants then receive the carbon. After, animals that eat other animals receive the carbon. Then, carbon travels to the ground. When plants or animals die, their bodies decay and break down. That brings the carbon into the ground. Some bury so deep into the earth that the will later become fossil fuels. Carbon then moves back into the atmosphere. Every time a human exhales, they release carbon dioxide gas. This gas is released into the atmosphere. Animals and plants also get rid of the carbon dioxide through respiration. When fuels are burned, carbon moves from the fossil fuels to the atmosphere. When factories or cars let off fossil fuels, most of the carbon enters the atmosphere in the form of carbon dioxide gas. Lastly, carbon travels from the atmosphere to the oceans. Bodies of water soak up the carbon from the atmosphere.
4: Mud. | mud |md| Mud is a soft, sticky matter resulting from the mixing of earth and water. This substance is vital to many organisms residing on this planet.
6: The Nitrogen Cycle. | The nitrogen cycle is a process where nitrogen is converted between its diverse chemical forms. Approximately 78% of Earth's atmosphere is nitrogen. Because of human activities like fossil fuel combustion and the releasing of fertilizer, the global nitrogen cycle has been dramatically altered.
7: The Cycle Nitrogen must first be fixed or combined with oxygen or hydrogen. Nitrogen is then taken away from the atmosphere by nitrogen fixing bacteria. Also, during storms with lightening, large amounts of nitrogen are oxidized and then united with water to create an acid that is then carried to the earth in rain. That rain then produces nitrates. These nitrates are taken by plants and converted to proteins. Then, the nitrogen goes through the food chain from plants to herbivores to carnivores. When organisms die, nitrogen compounds are broken down and give off ammonia through the process of ammonification. Some of the ammonia is dissolved in water or held in soil where nitrification occurs. Nitrification is a process where bacteria convert the ammonia to nitrates. The nitrates are either stored or carried away by streams. One other option would be the conversion to free nitrification and returned into the atmosphere. This process is called denitrification.
8: Water. | water |wtr; w-| Water is a colorless, transparent, odorless, tasteless, liquid that forms the seas, lakes, rivers, and rain and is the basis of the fluids of living organisms. Somewhere between 70 and 75 percent of the earth's surface is covered with water.
10: The Water Cycle. | The water cycle is a set of phases that involve the continuous motion of water on Earth. While water moves through the phases, the state changes from solid to liquid to gas. | The Cycle First, the sun heats up water in oceans or seas. The water evaporates and travels into the atmosphere. Currents in the air push water vapor, causing cloud particles to collide, grow into clouds, and then fall from the sky through precipitation. Some of the precipitation falls in the form of snow or hail. These forms can cause the formation of ice caps and glaciers. These store frozen water for years to come. Snow slowly thaws and melts back into rivers in the form of snowmelt. Runoff and groundwater are also stored as freshwater in lakes. Not all of the runoff travels into rivers. Some of the excess water soaks into the ground through infiltration. Some of this water will be stored for long periods of time. Over time, water will return to our oceans. And that is when the water cycle starts again.
12: Grass. | grass |gras| Grass is a vegetation consisting of typically short plants with long narrow leaves, growing wild or cultivated on lawns and pasture, and as a fodder crop.
14: The Phosphorus Cycle | Phosphorus is an important element that makes up the framework which holds both RNA and DNA together. The Phosphorus cycle is different from any other biogeochemical cycle because a gas phase does not exist.
15: The Cycle The phosphorus cycle starts in the depths of assorted rocks. When rain pours down, phosphates in the rocks become detached through weathering and erosion. These phosphates are then distributed to soil and water. Plants absorb the phosphates in the soil, but are moved to animals when herbivores eat the providing plants. The phosphates eventually return to the ground through bodily functions performed by organisms. One other way of the phosphates returning to the ground is through decomposition when a plant or animal dies. Phosphorus can also enter water by fertilizer runoff, mineral deposits, or sewage. The phosphates then sink to the bottom of the ocean floor or lake. If stirred, the phosphates will reenter the phosphorus cycle. An excessive amount of phosphorus can be harmful to the water, causing an algal bloom by diatoms in the phosphorus. This then causes the water to appear green and sometimes mucky.
17: Life Through a Lens
18: Beauty. | Earth is composed of so many beautiful treasures. Many have only been searched a little, just scratching the surface of what could be. Whether it is the long, breezy drives through a forested, dirt road or a long, slow walk on a never-ending beach, our planet is a breathtaking jewel. We may not know what lies ahead for our earth, but we do know what we need to do to keep it strong and majestic. One way to cut down on phosphorus leaking too much into our lakes would be to cut down on the fertilizer. The fertilizer farmers use becomes runoff and dribbles right into our clean, blue bodies of water. This causes an outbreak of diatoms, which causes masses of algae. This algae turns our lakes blue and can be harmful to the organisms residing there. Another way we could help would be to recycle and watch what and where we throw away our trash. Recycling has recently become a very large topic in our country, and many people are doing their best to reuse and recycle their everyday necessities. Our garbage also is often tossed outside, which then blows into animals' homes and environment. In the ocean, many plastic objects harm the creatures and make every day a struggle for survival. So remember to reduce, reuse, and recycle your trash.
19: Pollution has become more of a problem over the years as more factories put out toxic pollutants. In fact, factory related pollution is the number one source of pollution in the United States. It accounts for more than half the volume of water pollution, and has the most deadly of pollutants. Factories take in fresh air to carry away wastes made. Some common factory-emitted water pollutants are phosphates, mercury, grit, and nitrates. Chlorofluorocarbons are also a form of factory pollution and are said to destroy the ozone layer.
20: Change. | We need everyone around the world to step up and make a change for their environment. Many factories have been fitted with different pollution control devices, and are trying hard to minimize the toxic wastes they emit. But, the pollution problem is still an increasing area of concern. Below are a list of little changes that could make a big difference. | One way we could help the environment would be to cut out junk mail. The amount received in one day is enough energy to heat 250,000 homes. Another way could be to use latex paint instead of oil-based paint. The manufacturing of oil-based paint has emitted many hazardous pollutants into our atmosphere. Whenever you receive a balloon, do not release it into the air. Balloons cause many deaths for sea turtles and whales by suffocation or starvation. Do not feed animals in the wild. Feeding the animals causes them to grow accustom to being fed. When the feeding stops, they will starve themselves because they are unaware of how to find it on their own.
21: beautiful. planet.
22: protect. earth.
24: Sources | http://library.thinkquest.org/11353/gather/help.htm http://www.articleclick.com/Article/Pollution-Caused-By-Factories/3232 http://mwrc.bio.cmich.edu/nitrogen.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitrogen_cycle http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/Water/co2_cycle.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phosphorus_cycle http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/308phosphorus.html