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The History of the Anglo-Saxion

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FC: The History of the Anglo-SAxon By: Chezney Sutton

1: The History of the Anglo-Saxon

2: The Anglo-Saxon's first came to England in the 4th century AD, when they began to raid the east coast. The most important of the Anglo-Saxon tribes were the Jutes, Angles, and the Saxons. By 450 AD the Anglo-Saxons began to settle in England; and each tribe had occupied a portion of the country. The Jutes occupied Kent and Hampshire, while the Saxon's had established the kingdoms of Sussex, Wessex, Middlesex, and finally Essex; and also the Angles were in control of both the northern and eastern parts of england. | There were also two more tribes which were the Franks, which were a German tribe that came from Belgium, and the Belgae, which consisted of both Germans and Celtic tribes.

3: The Anglo-Saxon's were not originally Christian society. They were originally pagan, due to the mix of different cultures. Christianity came into the Anglo-Saxon culture due to both the Celtic church and the Roman Catholic church which started St. Augustine's mission in 597. The St. Augustine's mission was started with Aethelbert, whom was chosen because he was married to Bertha, a Frankish Christian princess, who's support was essential to the mission. The mission consisted of the Celtic church approaching the pagan Anglo-Saxon's from the North, while the Roman Catholic churches came from the south. While both of the churches, which became Saxon churches, were not incompatible, certainly enjoyed differences in opinion and practice. Though in the end, the Roman cause had triumphed over the Celtic cause.

4: The Anglo-Saxon's had their fair share of battles in England, on battle, called the battle of Brunanburh, was commemorated in the "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle" by an Old English poem. The brothers, AEthelastan and Edmund, fought against the Constantine of Scotland and Olaf. During the battle, they lost five kings, seven of the Olaf's earls, and a endless number of both seamen, and Scots. Eventually though, the prince of the Norsemen was driven back to Dublin, and the Constantine returned to his own land.

5: There were many Anglo-Saxon kings, for example after the murder of his brother Edward, AElthred rose to power in 978. AElthred was probably twelve years or younger when he started acting as king and he was finally consecrated in 979. During AEthred's reign, there were many viking raids which became a serious concern in 991. In order to solve this problem AElthred had decided to pay tribute to the vikings to try to get them to leave. Then the situation had became out of control which resulted in AElthred being driven out of the country in 1013. He eventually returned in 1014 and drove the vikings out, only to have them return a year later resulting in his death in 1016. When AElthred died the Danish vikings were over-running the country which led to the reign of king Cnut.

6: There are many famous artifacts that were made by the Anglo-Saxon, and the Bayuex Tapestry is one of them. The tapestry was commissioned by Bishop Odo; who then after a battle the tapestry was designed and constructed in 1066. The tapestry consists of 623 humans, 55 dogs, 202 horses, 41 ships, 49 trees, almost 2,000 words, and over 500 mythical and non-mythical creatures. It is unkown about who actually created the tapestry. It is also thought that the tapestry could have been made in England, but many others think that it was made in France by Queen Matilda, whom was married to King William. However the tapestry is not complete and still has one section missing which could hold information on who actually constructed the tapestry. The tapestry, like many other items, may remain incomplete and continue to be one of the many mysteries of the Anglo-Saxon.

7: Little is known about how the Anglo-Saxon people lived their life, due to there being so little evidence. The lords lived on estates that had buildings that would surround the main hall. These buildings were used in many ways all for living, working, and storage reasons. Inside the hall the lord might have paintings in the hall to possibly show his prestige.

8: The Anglo-Saxon people's society was divided into many different social classes. Which might vary from place to place, the king was at the top of the social class since he was the war leader. There are two types of freeman who are just below the king, the upper class was the thanes, while the lower class was the ceorls. The difference between the two classes was a matter of land owned, but other than that a ceorl could be richer than a thane. Then below the thanes and the ceorls were the slaves, which was one of the biggest commercial enterprise for dark age life.

9: The only way that one could become a slave is to either be born a slave, or be captured during a war. Some could also sell there children into slavery in order to pay a fine. Luckily though, slavery was not a lifetime sentence, a slave could be ransomed by his or her relatives, granted freedom by the owners will, or if they paid off their dept that caused them to become a slave, then they could possibly walk free.

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