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The Midwest

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S: The Midwest

BC: This has been a presentation by Si Barnes...Hope you liked it. This is a picture of Si with his new puppy, Boo.

FC: Silas Barnes Social Studies Portfolio The Midwest Miss Wagner 1/26/2012

1: In the 1800's, The United States was growing and many people lived on the East Coast at the time. People started to move toward the West and build lives there. The West offered nice, large areas of lands that were good for farming and it also had great rivers and lakes to support water and transportation needs. Some people chose to live in cities and some people chose to live in the rural area as farmers.

2: http://accad.osu.edu/womenandtech/2006/research_web_pages/story/images/prairie_pioneers_06.jpg | Food Sources available to the Farmers of the Midwest

3: Many parts of the Midwest get plenty of rain and has fertile soil, which is great for farming. The farmers would have been able to eat most of the foods that they grew. The farmers of the Midwest grew wheat, corn, soybeans, oats, barley, fruits and many vegetables. Some of the farmers had cattle and hogs so they would have been able to have meat and milk. The farmers would have been self sufficient for their food.

4: Food Sources for City Dwellers in the Midwest | http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1363522/How-American-West-really-won-C19th-images-early-settlers-Deadwood.html

5: Many cities were built near water such as the rivers or the lakes. An example of this is St.Louis, Missouri. This city is near the Mississippi River, the Missouri River, and the Illinois River so it has many ways of shipping products and many different forms of transportation. Farmers from more rural areas would ship some of their products into the cities so that they could be sold there. There would have been ways to trade for things in the city also. I would imagine that people in the cities would have been able to get things like meat, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. They would have had to purchase or trade these items because they would not have had the land to grow produce or keep cattle.

6: Locations of Midwest Farmers | http://historyonthenet.com/American_West/images/great_plains.jpg

7: The Midwest includes both the Great Plains and Central Plains. Both of which receive a lot of rainfall and are one of the world's most important agricultural regions. There is rich farmland in Illinois, the Dakotas, Nebraska, and all throughout the Midwest. This Great Plains and the Central Plains are known as the Corn Belt because it has such rich farmland and it produces so much corn and other produce.

8: Locations of the City Dwellers

9: Some of the cities of the Midwest began when Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet explored areas throughout the MIdwest searching for furs. Fur traders soon followed them and built forts, which were eventually turned into trading posts. Many people traveled that way and settled to sell their goods. Native Americans also moved close to the trading posts. These forts eventually grew into large cities like Chicago and Sault Sainte Marie.

10: Transportation of Midwest Farmers | http://img0.fold3.com/img/thumbnail/13706640/400/400/0_0_250_181.jpg

11: Farmers of the Midwest used different types of transportation such as horses, covered wagons like the one to the left, and sometimes farmers were able to travel by trains. They often used trains to transport goods.

12: http://wxow.images.worldnow.com/images/12645607_BG1.jpg | Transportation of Midwest City Dwellers

13: Some forms of transportation for city dwellers in the Midwest include trains, horses, and steamboats. Steamboats are big, long boats that run on steam.

14: Impact on Land from the Farmers of the Midwest. | http://static.ddmcdn.com/gif/dust-bowl-cause-1.jpg

15: The farmers of the early Midwest had a big impact on the land. They were using the farmland but they didn't know about proper farming techniques like plowing and planting in curves, and crop rotation. Eventually, the soil turned into dust and the wind blew a giant wall of dirt across the land, commonly known as the Dust Bowl.

16: http://www.illinois.com/images/cities/full/chicago.jpg | Impact on the Land by the City Dwellers

17: The picture to the left is a picture of Chicago, Illinois. In 1784, a man names Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable had a trading post on this land. He had the largest trading post in the Midwest because of all the traffic of traders that came through the area. Chicago continued to grow and grow because many traders came and settled around the trading post. You can see how the land is different now. Chicago is now the third largest city in the United States (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_cities_by_population).

18: A Day in the Life July 18, 1855 Dear Journal, Well, we have been here for two years now in Wapello County, Iowa and things aren't getting any easier. All I ever do is chores like feed the horses, clean the house, help my dad plow the hard prairie land, watch my little sisters, look for firewood (which is hard here in the prairie), and then, in my free time, Mom tries to make me do schoolwork. Yesterday, Dad and I spent 10 hours straight working in the field. It is so hard to plow in the thick, heavy grass roots. My Dad has been talking about getting a really neat, new plow that is made of steel by this fellow called, John Deere. Dad says that this will make plowing much easier than using a horse drawn plow, like we use now, but it costs a lot of money.

19: Mom says that she thinks that we should use our money for lumber to make a log cabin like my friend, Jimmy, lives in. Dad told my Mom that the only reason Jimmy's family has a log cabin is because they have trees on their property so they got the lumber for free. We have sod on our property and that is why we have a sod house. My mom doesn't like the sod house because it is so hard to clean. I don't know which would be better to use our money for. It would be nice to have a neat log cabin like Jimmy but it also would be nice to have a steel plow because it would be much easier to get through the ground to plant our corn. Oh, and guess what? Dad told me yesterday that at the end of the harvest, he will let me come with him to the train station to transport our corn to the trading post.

20: You know why this is going to be so much fun for me? I rarely ever get to ride in the covered wagon. Not just that, but it is a two day ride to the train station so for that whole time, I won't have any chores to do! Hopefully, Mom won't send any surprise schoolwork along with us. Well, I have to go now because I have a lot of chores to do. Dad is already calling for me to help him with the plowing. I think it's gonna be another long day. P.S. Guess what? WhenI went outside, Dad had a brand new John Deere steel plow! Mom was out there too but she didn't look very happy. Dad told Mom to cheer up and that we should be able to have a bigger harvest with this new plow and he would eventually get her the log cabin she wants so badly.

21: This is our new plow! http://www.gutenberg.org/files/27327/27327-h/images/i032.jpg | This is our house. It's not very pretty. http://sdgenweb.com/perkins/sod-house-meadow2-1930.jpg | This is me and my dad on our way to the train station. http://www.garlandhistorical.org/WAGON_1.JPG | This is the house my mom wants. http://www.nps.gov/obed/historyculture/images/cabin.jpg

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