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Timeline kirsten and ramona

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FC: Civil Rights Timeline By: Kirsten White and Ramona Fan

1: Breaking baseball's color line: The manager to the Brooklyn Dodgers decided to bring up a black baseball player named Jackie Robinson trying to break the segregation in baseball. | 1945

2: Equality in the military: Truman got rid of discrimination in the federal government and any person of any color could be hired. Along with this came the desegregation of all military forces. | 1948

3: Brown v. Board of Education After many events leading up to the case, the supreme court ruled that there could no longer be racial segregation in public education. | 1954

4: Starting with Rosa Park's refusal to give up her seat on a bus the Montgomery bus boycott was started where | all blacks didn't use the public bus system unless they decided to change their segregation policies. In the end the supreme | court ruled against the buses saying segregation of blacks was unconstitutional. | 1955 | Montgomery Bus Boycott

5: Little Rock Nine- To enforce the integration of black people in schools, nine black students were brought to attend central Hish School in Arkansas. | They were greeted with resistance and Arkansas troops were there to stop hem form entering. Therefore president Eisenhower sent the National Guard to protect them. | 1957

6: The student nonviolent coordinating committee was an organization where students could become more involved and have a greater impact on the civil rights movement. | 1960

7: Sit ins were first created in 1943 where a group of blacks sat down at a segregated lunch counter or restaurant and if they weren't served they would just sit there. They were at times arrested as well.They became more popular in the 1960s. | 1943

8: To test the compliance of the interstate buses in the south, blacks decided to ride the buses, exercising their new rights. | 1961

9: James Meredith wanted to enroll at Ole Miss which was currently an all white school. He was refused and he brought it to the Supreme Court who rule din his favor he still was met with resistance and federal marshals were sent. There was a lot of violence at the college and eventually the army troops were sent to restore order. | Ole Miss | 1961

10: Birmingham- Non-violent protests took place in Birmingham led by MLK Jr. Violence displayed by the police officers | appalled much of America and Birmingham then finally decide to desegregate all public facilities. | 1963

11: March on Washington- August 1963 200,000 people form all over the country came to Washington D.C. to march for jobs and freedom. It was a great representation of the support of civil rights. | 1963

12: Civil Rights Act of 1964 After FDR’s Assassination Lyndon Johnson took over and fully supported past president in passing the Civil Rights Bill. It was passed and it prohibited discrimination in public places, banned different voter registration standards, allowed withholding of funds of programs that show discrimination and banned discrimination by employers and unions. | 1963

13: Freedom summer- Registration drive for voting was held and about one thousand blacks and white volunteers showed up. Many racist folks got angry and there ended up being a lot of violence that summer including arson, murder, and mob attacks. | 1964

14: Selma March Calling attention to the rights to vote MLK Jr. and others organized a march in protest in Selma, Alabama. The walk was 50 miles long and they were faced with the state troopers that had whips, clubs, and tear gas. The country was struck by the pictures of this. President Johnson then sent out the national guard, federal marshals, and army helicopters to protect the group that soon came to be 25000 people. | 1965

15: President Johnson promised to pass a law protecting voter's rights and said "And we shall overcome." This law was passed and got rid of the literacy tests and other barriers as well as bring federal officials to register voters. | Voting acts right of 1965 | 1965

16: Watts Riots in Los Angeles- This was when the Watts police pulled over a black man for drunk driving. At first, the exchange wasn’t violent, but then the black man resisted arrest and one officer started swinging his riot baton and it resulted in 6 days of rioting. It led to the federal government creating the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders. | 1965

17: Black Panthers: It was a new military political party formed by activists Bobby Seale | and Huey Newton. They wanted African Americans to be able to lead their own communities and also wanted | government to rebuild the ghettos after many years of neglect and to stop police brutality. | 1966

18: Black Power: Stokely Carmichael was a SNCC leader who was the first to speak of “black power” in the 60’s. He said that “they wanted black power” and his idea stuck with many African Americans for many years. It was meant for African Americans to come together, build communities, to define their goals and to lead/support their own organizations. | 1966

19: MLK’s Assassination: He began planning the Poor People’s March in Washington. He went all over the United States to increase support- even to Memphis, Tennessee. He was shot with a high powered rifle on the balcony of his motel. This created mass riots and it led to the faith of the idea of non-violent change to stay with our country during this time period. | 1968

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