FC: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
1: The Capture of Africans | The Africans became enslaved when one day African salve-traders came and raided their homes and villages. The raiders were loaded with lots of big, sharp, and heavy weapons which put the villagers at a disadvantage. These African-slave traders captured many innocent villagers and made them march over mountains and forests, barely clothed, with their necks linked together by logs. Once they reached their destination the African slave-traders would trade over the captured Africans to the Europeans in exchange for guns and other useful goods.
2: The Crossing | Once the Africans were captured from their home, they were force to march a long distance until they reached a slave-trading station on the coast. There the enemies who had captured them would meet up with the Europeans and they would give them the captives in exchange for guns, gunpowder, rum, and material.
3: Olaudah Equiano | When Olaudah Equiano was a young boy, he and his sister were violently taken from their home in Africa to the Americas, where they were going to be sold as slaves. Olaudah tells of how he and his sister were kidnapped and then later separated. He tells of all the terrors he faced everyday, never knowing where he was being taken to or what was going to happen to him. He also tells about his horrific experience on the middle passage, a long journey across the Atlantic
4: The Triangular Trade | The triangular trades were the three routes that were used during the sugar-slave trade. The routes began in West-Africa and then continued to the West Indies and parts of Europe. The triangular trades began between the 1600s and 1700s and then ended in the late 1700s.
5: The Middle Passage | The Middle Passage was the horrendous voyage that shipped 10-40 thousand African slaves across the Atlantic. The conditions on the ship were very ghastly and unreal. The Africans were so tightly packed on this ship that they only had about 20-25 inches of space to sit upright. The ship was ridden with so many sickness and diseases that killed many. Some on the diseases included small pox, malaria, and yellow fever. Half of the people on the ship usually died during the Middle Passage. One typical journey on this ship could take up to six months | This picture shows how very little space there was on these ships. Africans were chained by their necks and legs to the shelves or decks of the ship.
6: Resistance and Revolt at Sea | Many Africans often resisted their new, forced way of living. If they were defiant they would be severely beaten. Some refused to eat or take medicine and others attempted to throw themselves overboard. If they were lucky, they succeeded in performing this action. The sailors on the ship would use an instrument called a speculum to pry open the jaws of the resisting slaves and force food or medicine down their throats.
7: The Selling of Africans | Slave traders had a lot of preparations to do in order to get the Africans ready for sale. Right when selling time came around the slave traders would oil the slaves' bodies to make their skin look healthier. They would also increase their portions of food and make them dance around to strengthen their weak bones. | Once slaves were ready to be put on the market, an event known as the scramble took place. During the scramble, other Europeans looking to buy some slaves of their own would race to find the healthiest Africans to purchase. This picture shows slaves being bartered on the Gold Coast.
8: Seasoning | Seasoning was a process in which slaves were acculturated, disciplined, and familiarized with the plantation routine. The aim of seasoning was to change the behavior and attitude of the slaves in order to make them useful workers. The slaves usually received new names from their masters and were forced to learn European languages. This method usually took up to two years. | The slaves were divided into three groups: the Creole, the old Africans, and the new Africans.The slave masters would assign the Creole and the old Africans to act as instructors to the new Africans. Creole and old Africans has to live with the new Africans that they were teaching. This was actually beneficial to them because these workers provided extra labor on their land. The instructors would sell the extra crops that were grown from all the extra work and use that money to buy their freedom.
9: Masters & Slaves in the Americas/ Ending of Slave Trade. | Africans weren't successfully seasoned until they met four criterion that the planters came up with. They had to first be alive, of course. Secondly, they had to be used to the climate and food change. The third criterion was that they had to master a new European language. The last thing was that they had to give up trying to kill themselves and accept their new lifestyle. | After all the traumatic things that the African slaves had experienced during the Middle Passage and the idea of seasoning, their cultural roots had been the one thing that they had not lost. They still somehow managed to hold on to their value system even after all they were put through. Some Africans even still had memories of their culture and stayed high-spirited. The Africans found a way to just deal with the hardship and made bonds with their shipmates.