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Travel the World

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FC: A-z Islam Book

1: By: NAtalie Buono Grace Maiorano Lauren Lawson Joann Lerro Julia Bokunewicz Titus knox

2: A is for Allah which is the standard Arabic word for god. To a Muslim, Allah is the powerful, creator and leader of the universe. The Prophet Muhammad was asked by his contemporaries about Allah; the answer came directly from God Himself in the form of a short chapter of the Quran, which is considered the essence of the unity or the motto of monotheism. Its a reflection of Islam's emphasis belief in God which is the message and prayer of all God's messengers. By: Joann Lerro

4: B is for Baghdad which was a newly created city by the Muslim empire along the region of Iraq. As this city was being built, Damascus was the leading city. When the city was complete, it included different cultures and social groups. It was split into classes for the Muslim people. The upper class included who were Muslims at birth. The middle class consisted of the protected people, which included Jews, Christians and Zoroastians. The lowest class included slaves. By: Joann Lerro

6: C is for calligraphy which is another word for beautiful writings. Muslims used calligraphy as their most popular art form because the Qur'an was written in Arabic and it symboled the word of God. Calligraphy was used to design the mosques and holy books of Islam. There are 28 letters in the Arabic alphabet. Half the of the letters are read from right to left and some single letters are written from left to right which gives conflict when learning how to read calligraphy. By: Joann Lerro

8: Dome of the Rock Dome of the Rock is the most sacred place in the Muslim religion. The exquisite monument is built on the same rock in which it is believed Muhammad descended for his journey to heaven. When Muslims pray, they face Mecca. But what if you are already in Mecca? Well, the Dome of the Rock faces Mecca. In fact, it is the oldest monument facing Mecca! The Dome of the Rock was built to show that a new religion is ready to take over the already growing Christianity and Judaism. At least that was the reason Abd al-Malik built it around 688 to 691 AD! Julia Bokunewicz

10: E is for Education. For most of the Muslim students, their first textbook was the Qur'an. Students had to learn to read the Qur'an. Boys and girls were taught at different times. Children learned the Qur'an by studying the grammatical models and individual words of the verses. Later, the teacher taught students how to read and write on a higher up level. When the students completed the rememberings of the Qur'an, The students would get showered with gifts and would go around the their villages shouting prayers and hymns. Education was very strict with a lot of memorization. By: Joann Lerro

12: F- Fasting is part of the 5 pillars. It is the 5th duty and is during the month of Ramadan. It is mandatory for adults but optional for children. Muslims don’t eat between dawn and sunset. The fasting begins with a before dawn meal and after that they perform their prayers and normal duties. At sunset, Muslims finish their fast with dates and water, prayers, and then eat at the masjid, which is a meal donated from everyone who participated. By: Lauren Lawson

14: G- God, or Alluh, is a very important part of the Muslim religion. They pray daily and have religious practices worshiping their god. Muslims believe that there is only one powerful god and has sent down prophets to teach his teaching. Lauren Lawson

16: Hajj Hajj is a journey to Mecca, Muslims homeland. In the Qur’an it states that every believer of the Islamic religion must make the journey once in their lifetime. This journey happens once every specific time of the year. Over 2,000,000 people attend this pilgrimage. Muslims from all over the globe come to come and participate in this event. By: Natalie Buono

18: Islam- Islam is a religion that originated by the Qur'an, Muhammad being the messenger of the one god, Allah. The word Islam actually means "peace". People who follow this religion are called Muslims. There are five basic requirements to be followed called the Five Pillars of Islam. The total number of Muslims range from 0.7 to 1.2 billion worldwide and 1.1 to 7 million in the U.S.. "Allah" is an Arabic word which means "the One True God." Islam began in the 7th century Saudi Arabia. Islam is thus the youngest of the great world religions. The prophet Muhammad (circa 570-632 A.D.) introduced Islam in 610 A.D. By: Titus Knox

20: Jerusalem Jerusalem is perhaps one of the holiest cities in the world. Jerusalem is home to one of the holiest places to Muslims, The Dome of the Rock. Jerusalem is known as the land of many prophets, such as Abraham. Jerusalem is where the angel Gabriel came down to talk to Muhammad. By: Natalie Buono

22: Ka’aba- The Ka’aba, which means “the cube” in Arabic, is a sacred stone wall constructed and reconstructed by faithful prophets. It was assembled as an accommodation for monotheistic worship. The Ka’aba is cited in the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is known for being the heart of the Muslim society. It unifies Muslims at a vital spot for Islamic worship. This ancient structure made of granite is semi-cubical and is roughly fifteen meters tall and twelve meters wide. By: Grace Maiorano

24: L- The libraries in the Muslim civilization was very important. There were 36 libraries in Baghdad alone. There were books about all subjects, medicine, mathematics, poetry, biographies and more. The libraries were visited daily by scholars and also local people. It also helped that there was a unified language for scholars all over the Islamic empire. By: Lauren Lawson

26: Muhammad was the profit of Islam. He was born in Mecca around 570. After about twenty years of his marriage Muhammad began seeing visions. These visions were of the angel Gabriel. The angel began telling Muhammad to begin preaching the word of the Lord. Muhammad then began to attract some followers. Living in Medina he was surrounded by his followers. By: Natalie Buono

28: Numerals- Muslim scholars living in the medieval times made major contributions to the study of Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, and other basic mathematics. One exceptionally vital scholar, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, who lived from ca. 800- ca. 847, wrote The Calculation with Hindu Numerals, in about 825. This piece of literature on mathematics caused the circulation of the Indian system of numeration to spread among the Islamic region and in the Western lands. These numerations were Arabic numerals. Originally, people used alphabet letters and Roman numerals for their mathematic purposes. So, this new edition of numeration was a remarkable contribution that improved the lives of Muslims and eventually improved the lives of people all over the world. By: Grace Maiorano

30: Octave All us music folk know what an octave is, but what does this have to do with Muslim culture? Well, the Muslim art of music is based on octaves. Each octave contains eight white keys, or natural keys, and five black keys, or your sharps and flats. Of course I’m talking about the Arabian piano! For other instruments, each octave could have seventeen to twenty-four notes in it. The distance from middle “c” to “c” is 13 notes. This method of song and music is easier for the voice and for instruments because of the quarter tones used. Julia Bokunewicz

32: Pillars of Islam- The pillars of Islam is a guideline of what the people of the Muslim religion followed daily. there are five duties to be followed. The first requirement is to Accept Muhammad as gods messenger known as Shahadah. the second requirement is to pray five times a day. they are to pray at dawn, noon, mid- afternoon, sunset and before you go to bed. this is know as Solat. the third requirement is to give your wealth to those in need. this is known as zakah. The fourth requirement is to fast. fasting is done always on the month of Ramadan. this is known as siyam. the fifth and final requirement is to travel to the holy city of mecca. this has to be achieved at least once in your life time if possible. the is known as the Hajj. Titus Knox

33: Shahdah | Solat | Zakah | Siyam | Hajj

34: Qur’an- The Qur’an is the sacred book of the Muslims. This blessed book is written entirely in Arabic, and Muslims believe this edition is the only true word of Allah. No matter where the Qur’an is being interpreted, the Arabic language must be used by those worshippers reading it. Because of this, Arabic helped unify people who were conquered under Muslim power. It is believed that the Qur’an was what Muhammad longed to receive as a prophet. This and Sunna were put together to create shari’a, a system of law which Muslims pursue. By:Grace Maiorano

36: Rumi- Jalal al-Din Rumi lived from ca. 1207 to ca. 1273. Rumi was a very renowned Muslim mystic and poet who was forced to escape from Mongol invaders. This caused his family to relocate from Balkh, which is current-day Afghanistan to Konya, which is a city located in central Turkey.).Rumi originally was a preacher and theologian. After being introduced to a dervish, he decided to become a mystic, or Sufi. Rumi’s followers created the Mevlevi Order of Dervishes. This is occasionally referred to as the "whirling dervishes” in the Western world. These dervishes imitate the movement of planets on their trip of sacred achievement. Rumi was the author of the biggest corpus of lyrical poetry in all of the Persian language. He constructed a total of forty thousand couplets and twenty-five thousand couplet epics. By: Grace Maiorano

38: Sufiism has always claimed to be Muslim. Sufi writings mention Christians too though. Various Sufi schools have apparently been influenced by these, as well as Indian influence. Some Sufis are more Christan than islam. They follow the Islamic law and guidelines very strictly. The Five Pillars are very important to them. They follow Muslim books that most Muslims do not. They believe in an immoral being who the Sufi believe can can renew youth. By:Titus Knox

40: Trigonometry- Trigonmetry actually has alot of influence from Islam. Al-Tusi, a Muslim is considred the "father of Trigonometry. Their work with astronomy also helpedToday astronomers use trigonometry for calculating distances to stars, and for measuring distances and heights of buildings. By: Titus Knox

42: Umayyad The Umayyad was a powerful family that came to the throne in 661 AD. They’re the ones that made Damascus the capital of the Muslim religion at the time. Although named caliph of Islamic culture, which means they are descendents of Muhammad, they acted like they were kings and ravished in riches and glory. Some of the Muslims accepted this behavior, and they were called Sunni. On the other hand, there was a group of Muslims that hated how the Umayyad family lived in luxury and exploited it. These people envied them because they lived in poverty and prayer. They were called Sufi. There was also a group of skeptics called Shi’ites, who believed that all caliphs needed to be descendents of a Prophet. They didn’t believe the Umayyad family were descendents of any Prophet because of the way they live. Soon enough, a group of rebels overthrew the Umayyad family in 750 AD. By: Julia Bokunewicz

44: V- a veil is an article of clothing that women wear to cover some parts of their head or face. It is known as a hijab. The hijab is given the meaning of modesty, morality, and privacy. By: Lauren Lawson

46: Women - Women of the Middle Ages in all cultures seem to be almost invisible in history. From written records and art we can get a glimpse of women's lives. But the written records and art usually reflect the lives of the famous or wealthy. The life of the common woman is less clear to history.The lives of women in the past varied from culture to culture, but their lives were influenced by religion. The Qur'an and the Prophet Muhammad influenced the lives of Muslim women in the past and still influence their lives today.In the time before the Prophet Muhammad, Arab women had few rights. Girl babies could be killed, buried in the sand by the parents if they did not want a female baby. A woman couldn't own land or property. Women had no say in their marriages which were arranged by their parents. The women were usually treated like property of men. But these conditions changed with Islam religion. They were given equal rights with the help of the Qur'an and its revolutionary scriptures. By: Titus Knox

48: X- Xi’an, China holds one of Muslims finest mosques. It was originally built in 742 AD during the Tang dynasty. It is one of the oldest, largest, most preserved Islamic mosques in China. By: Lauren Lawson

50: Youth Muslim young boys had it good. Boys were considered an advantage to the family because they could take care of the family when the parents grow old. Girls were such a disadvantage, that people would kill their babies! Of course this was before the Islamic belief. Eventually, Muhammad stopped the slaughter of baby girls. How else are we going to keep the species going? When boys become age seven, they would have a ceremony to be circumcised. This is specifically what Turkish Muslims will do for their boys. It’s even a Jewish tradition, but instead of being circumcised at seven years old, they would be circumcised as an infant. It is said to prevent infection and disease of the penis area. Medics before machines and medicine! From birth, all Muslim children are to study the Qur’an. It is expected of them to have the Qur’an memorized by seven years of age. When the child has proved they had this sacred book memorized, they are then allowed to pray and go to religious school. Religion was a Muslim’s basic education! Julia Bokunewicz

52: ZamZam- Zamzam is a deep circular spring covered in marble. The Zamzam is located under the Kaaba. The water in the fountain is scared to all Muslims. The fountain is in a double-fiber- glass wall. The water is especially sacred during the time of Hajj. The pilgrims on this journey went there pray maps, as well as splash and gulp in the water. For Muslims this is an invigorating experience. The water is refreshingly cold because it passes through a chilling plant. By: Natalie Buono

54: Sources- Information: http://www.pbs.org/empires/islam/ http://www.sfusd.k12.ca.us/schwww/sch618/Islam_New_Main.html Pictures: http://www.sahajayoga.com.au/news/wp-content/uploads/2007/02/rumi1.jpg http://www.unf.edu/classes/freshmancore/core1images/muhammad-westernimage.jpg http://images04.olx.com.pk/ui/3/02/14/47489814_1.jpg

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  • By: Titus K.
  • Joined: almost 7 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 2
  • Default User
    • By: Lauren L.
    • Contributions: 6 photos , 8 pages
  • Natalie Buono
    • By: Natalie B.
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    • By: Julia B.
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  • Grace Maiorano
    • By: Grace M.
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About This Mixbook

  • Title: Travel the World
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  • Published: almost 7 years ago

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