FC: Virginia History Created by Lauren M
1: Jamestown 1607.Colonist landed in Jamestown.With only men.That were only white the reason why they came is that they wanted to find gold and silver.they wanted to start a economic venture.A economic venture is when you start a business just for the money.
2: Some reasons for picking Jamestown. They thought it was going to be easy to defend from the Spanish. They also thought it had a fresh supply of drinking water
3: Reasons for picking Jamestown. They needed deep enough water to dock there ships.the English chose Jamestown since it was on a small narrow peninsula.
4: Hardships Some of the hardships at Jamestown are starvation.Most of the settlers starved to death. Only a couple of settlers were left.
5: The Spanish kept on attacking.From close by harbors.Also the American Indians kept on attacking.Another hardship was.There was no supply of clean water so they had nothing to drink. | Hardships
6: important people | Pocahontas John Smith John Rolfe
7: I think John Rolfe John smith and Pocahontas. Are very important people.John Rolfe taught the Indians a new way to grow Tobacco.John Smith traded with the Indians and spoke to them too Pocahontas was chief Powhatan daughter and married John Rolfe.
8: government The King of England had the power to grant and revoke charters allowing the Virginia company of London to establish settlements in North America.
9: Jamestown came diverse in 1619-1620 during the summer of 1619 a ship at Jamestown arrived carrying people of African descent. | Women came to Jamestown in 1620 A group of unmarried women came to Jamestown.Their presence enabled the settlers to marry and begin families.
10: Powhatan Indians | Pocahontas Chief Powhatan
11: the native people contributed to the survival Jamestown settlers in several ways. | the Powhatan Indians and the English settlers at Jamestown established trading relationships and for a while,had positive interactions. The Powhatan Indians taught the Jamestown settlers ways to survive in Virginia
12: The American Revolution
13: War fought with the Great Britain and its two enemies, the French and the Indians of North America. During the war, the British national debt nearly doubled, rising 72,000,000. | French vs. Indians
15: the King of England wanted to tax all of the colonist,because he didn't want the people in England to get mad at him so he decided to tax the colonist.The sugar act put a three cent on sugar, coffee, and certain types of wine. The stamp act put a tax on newspaper, pamphlets, and every document had to have stamp.Townshend acts these laws put a tax on glass, lead, paints ,paper, and tea.
16: The Boston Massacre. The shooting of five American colonist by the British troops on March 5, 1770. | The Boston massacre deepened American distrust of the British military presence in the colonies. The Boston tea party. The colonist were really angry about the tea .then they dressed up as Native American Indians and got tea from england ships and dumped it into the Boston harbor.
17: The Patriots and Sons of Liberty are people who fight for their country. Wanted to make there own laws and taxes. Then the Loyalist who remained loyal to the king. Wanted to control the colonist and make them pay for the war.
19: The British loyalist were controled by King George the third. The commander-in-chief of the British red coats. Against the Patriots sons of liberty colonist and minute men. they were fighting because of freedom from taxes, because the colonist did not want taxes but the King of England wanted to tax them
20: Important people Jack Jouett, Paul Revere, Ben Franklin, James A. Lafayette, George Washington, Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson
21: I think Jack Jouett, Paul Revere, Ben Franklin, James A. Lafayette, George Washington, Patrick Henry, and Thomas Jefferson are very important people. Jack Jouett saved Thomas Jefferson life by warning that the British are coming. Paul Revere warned the people in the town that the British are coming. Ben Franklin convinced the French to join their side. James A. Lafayette was one of many enslaved Africans that was a spy for the continental army. George Washington was commander-in-chief of the continental army. | Patrick Henry spoke out against taxation without representation and gave his famous speech "Give me liberty or give me death."Thomas Jefferson the Declaration of Independence that primary document changed our lives. I think those are very important people.
22: many African Americans were divided in the war | many Africans were divided in the American Revolutionary war. The King of England promised freedom to the African Americans if they fight for England. Some slaves fought with England but still more grabbed Patriots guns. After the war when America won the slaves that were on England side became slaves again.
23: While the men were at war the women would stay home, and farm, make clothes, and care for the sick. Also they would support the troops too, and they made the clothes for them too. they cared for the soldiers that were wounded
24: The battle of Lexington and Concord took place in Massachusetts and was th first Battles of the American Revolution. The Battles signaled that the American colonist would fight for their freedom. The Battle of Great Bridge. was the first Battle in Virginia. Witch led to the destruction in Norfolk in January 1776. Witch made the British flee the country, and they realized that the colonist would be hard to beat
25: The battle of Saratoga. Was the turning point of the war. thats the war that Ben Franklin convinced the French to join their side. The French didn't really like the British, and the colonist won the Battle of Saratoga
26: The battle of Yorktown The American victory at Yorktown resulted in the surrender of the British Army.Witch led to the end of the American Revolution.
27: The treaty of Paris. Between the United states, England, France, and Spain, formally ended the war in 1783. It acknowledged the independence of the 13 colonies as the United States.
28: George Washington and James Madison are very important people George Washington became our first president of the United states of America, he was chief of the Continental army, he was also known as the 'father of the country, and was leader of the Constitutional convention . James Madison was a very good compromiser and a good note taker too, he is also known as the "Father of the Constitution.
29: Thomas Jefferson and George Mason are important Thomas Jefferson wrote the Virginia statue for Religious Freedom, and wrote the Declaration of Independence. George Mason wrote the Virginia Declaration of rights, and influenced the Bill of Rights.
30: The tree branches of government are Executive branch, Legislative branch, and Judicial branch
31: Executive the governor heads the Executive branch and oversees that the laws are carried out. | Legislative the General Assembly is the legislative branch that makes the laws | Judicial the Judicial branch is the court system , which decides weather or not a person breaks the laws.
32: Tobacco Farming drained the minerals in the soil which caused all of the farmers to look to the west and deep south for better farming areas.Virginians migrated into western territories for large areas of land and better opportunities. As Virginians moved they took all of their traditions ,ideas, and cultures with them.
33: Abolitionist were people who were against slavery. These are some of the abolitionist. John Brown, Nat Turner, and Harriet Tubman. These abolitionist helped slaves be free
34: Harriet Tubman Escaped from slavery in Maryland in 1849. She returned in the south many times and helped over 300 slaves gain their freedom. Harriet Tubman supported many slaves to the north with only 19 trips. This secret route became known as The Underground Railroad.
35: John Brown In 1859 he led a raid on the United States Armory (Arsenal) at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. His plan was to distribute weapons to all the slaves, but while he was getting weapons. People found him, and he got hung and died.
36: Nat Turner In 1831 Nat Turner and fellow slaves led a revolt against plantation owners for nearly two days. They went from farm to farm killing nearly 60 white men, women, and children from slave owning families. Nat Turner hid in the woods for six weeks before he finally got caught.
37: There were many differences between the North and the South. First the North had factories and the South had farms.Also the south relied on slave labor and the north didn't. The states in the north wanted any new state from the western territories a free state with no slaves. The south wanted any new from the western territories a slave state.
38: The eastern counties of Virginia that relied on enslaved people and western counties that were against slavery. The disagreement led to the formation of west Virginia in 1863.
39: Abraham Lincoln firmly opposed slavery. After Abraham Lincoln became president in 1860. Seven southern states seceded from the Union including South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.
40: The Union had way more supplies than the Confederacy. The big help was from Union General Ulysses S. Grant. He helped the Union win some of the battles. Abraham Lincoln was the president of the Union. He came up with a plan called the Anaconda plan. That plan led the Union to victory at Appomattox Court House.
41: The Confederacy didn't have as many supplies than the Union. J.E.B. Stuarts Calvary played an important role in the Civil War. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson led the Confederacy to victory at the first battle of Bull Run. His army standing like a Stonewall none of the Union army could get by them. General Robert E. Lee was the Commander -in- Chief of the Confederate army. President Jefferson Davis was the president of the Confederacy. The Confederacy had to surrender at Appomattox Court House.
42: Key battles of the Civil War. Were Fort Sumter, The Battle of Bull Run or Manassas, Sea Battle of the USS Monitor and the CSS Merrimack, Battle of Frdricksburg, and the Siege of Petersburg. Fort Sumter (The Confederacy won)and the Battle of Bull Run( a Confederate win) were in 1861. The Sea battle of the USS Monitor and the CSS Merrimack ( it was fought to a draw), the Battle of Fredericksburg( a Confederate win), and the Siege of Petersburg ( a Union win) were in 1862.
43: The Confederate army surrendered to the Union at Appomattox Court House. General Robert E. Lee Surrenders to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court house home to Wilmer McLean. Weeks later the Union finds Jefferson Davis dressed up like a girl coming out of a house.
44: Virginia layed in ruins after the Civil War.The Confederate money is now useless, because they are now part of the Union. All of the banks were in reconstruction during this time period. Virginia's economy was destroyed. Railroads, bridges, plantations and crops were completely demolished. now since the 14th Amendment freed the slaves they need food, clothing, jobs and a place to live.
45: Freedmen's Bureau and Sharecropping were a big help in getting Virginia back together. Freedmen's bureau was a government agency that provided food, schools, and medical care for freed African Americans and others in the south. Sharecropping developed because plantation owners lacked money to pay the African Americans. Heres how sharecropping worked a plantation owner would give a piece of his land the slave could live on it, but the slave might have to row crops and give some of it to the owner.
46: After Reconstruction freedoms and rights that were promised to the African Americans are being slowly taken away. "Jim Crow" laws were laws established to make life harder on African Americans. That law made it almost impossible for them to vote. With them taking literacy tests.
47: Terms to know Segregation: The separation of races Prejudices: negative opinions formed about people without prof Discrimination; an unfair difference in the treatment of people Jim Crow Laws; laws established segregation or separation of the races and reinforced prejudices held by many people
48: You can segregate them of keep them integrated. Blacks and whites were separated for everything. Different water fountains, schools school buses, parks resturants and everything. Almost none of the whites did anything because they were afraid of the white power structer, but look at all those blacks doing something.
49: Whites got everything better. They got better water fountains, completely different schools, and facilities.The whites didn't treat the whites fairly either. They would spit at them yell bad names at them. Life was hard for blacks and whites made it a lot worse.