S: Virginia History By:Caroline
FC: Virginia History Created By: Caroline
1: In 1607 the English Settlers landed in Jamestown. | They came on three ships called The Susan Constant, Discovery,and Godspeed.
2: One reason they came to Jamestown was for gold and silver. | Another reason they want to Jamestown is they thought they had a good supply of drinking water.
3: Some more reasons are they had good defense against the Spanish from both sea and land and they had deep enough water to dock their ships.
4: At Jamestown there were many hardships.One example is they had no clean drinking water.
5: There was many different diseases,there were indians,and there was not enough food.
6: There were many important people at Jamestown including Captain John Smith.He became the leader of Jamestown.His famous saying is "You don't work,You don't eat."
7: Christopher Newport led the three ships to Jamestown.Other important people: Pocahontas,John Rolfe,and Chief Powhatan.
8: 1619 is when Government began.The King of England granted charters.The King of England was Kin James the 1.
9: Jamestown became diverse.In 1619 the African Americans Came to Jamestown.In 1620 Women landed in Jamestown.
10: American Revolution
11: King James the 1 made the colonists pay for the war by making them pay taxes.. | The French and Indian war: British vs French and Indians..
12: On April 5,1764 The King of England did something known as The Sugar Act.He put a three cent tax on foreign refined sugar and increased taxes on coffee, indigo, and certain kinds of wine.
13: Next, on March 22,1765,he made the stamp act.Every newspaper, pamphlet, and other public and legal document had to have a stamp, or a British seal, on it.The stamp would cost money. | Then, on June 29,1767, he made the townshend act which would put taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.Britain eventually repealed all the taxes but the one on tea..
14: On March 5, 1770 the shooting of five American colonists by British troops. occurred because the colonist were complaining about the taxes and there was a boom and the British thought one of the colonist had fired at them so they shot. | On December 16, 1773 The Boston Tea Party occurred..Angry and frustrated at the t ax on tea, American colonist calling themselves the Sons of Liberty and disguised as Mohawk Indians boarded three British ships and dumped 342 whole crates of British tea into the Boston Harbor.
15: The Sons of Liberty were a group of people who were angry at the taxes and protested and made secret meetings to discuss what they will do next. | Patriots are people who stay loyal to their country.
16: General Cornwallis was the general in the American Revolution. | He surendered at Yorktown when he was surrounded by the colonist and French | King George the third was king at the time of Revolutionary War. | He was the one to make all the taxes on British goods. | Loyalist are people who stay on | Great Britain's side during war.
17: Patriots are people who stay loyal to America. | Some very important patriots were George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. | The Sons of Liberty were a group of people who were angry at taxes and wanted to protest. | The leader of this group was Samuel Adams. | Colonists are the people who live in America. | Minute Men are people who are ready to fight when needed in a minute.
18: George Washington provided military leadership by serving as commander and chief of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. One night Paul Revere heard that the British were coming so he rode threw town calling out "The British are coming,The British are coming" | Patrick Henry inspired patriots from other colonies when he spoke out against taxation without representation by stating "Give me liberty or give me death".
19: James A. Lafayette:One of the many enslaved Africans from Virginia who served with the troops of the Continental Army. Thomas Jefferson:He wrote "The Declaration of Independence" | Jack Jouett :He found out the British were coming and e rode threw the back woods all the way to Monticello because he knew Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry ,and others were there. Ben Franklin:He convinced the French to join his side.The war they joined at was the Battle of Saratoga.
20: African Americans were divided in war.Forced to take sides and who to fight for.England promised the slaves freedom,but still some grabbed patriot guns.One of these slaves was James A. Lafayette.
21: During war women would help out.They would make clothes,keep the farms going,and care for the sick.They would do any task or chore.
22: The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle.That battle showed that the American's were prepared to fight for their independence.It is known as "The shot heard around the world" | Battle of Great Bridge was located 7 miles north of Norfolk,Virginia and took place in December,1775.This was the first decisive battle in Virginia.
23: The Battle of Saratoga is known as the turning point of the war.During this war the French were convinced by Ben Franklin to join the Continental Army.
24: The Battle of Yorktown was the last battle of the American Revolution . With the England surrounded the redcots backed down .Cornwallis surrender at Yorktown.Treaty of Paris would now be signed . Freedom from England has found it's time .
25: The signing of the Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolution .This event happened in 1783 .The American's have finally won the war!
26: George Washington was the chief of the Continental Army.He is known as the "Father of our Country".He was th 1 president of the US and the leader of the Constitutional Convention | James Madison was a great compromiser and a detailed note taker.He is also known as the "Father of the Constitution".
27: We all know Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence but did you know that he wrote the Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom that clearly stated that you get religious freedom. | George Mason wrote the Virginia Declaration of Rights witch inspired the Bill of Rights.
28: These are the three branches of Virginia government.
29: The Legislative Branch makes laws. Members of this branch include law writers, General Assembly, Senate, and the House of Delegates. | The Executive Branch carries out the laws.The Governor is part of this branch. | The Judicial Branch decides if laws have been broken.This branch include lawyers, judges, and courts.
30: Tobacco farming drained the minerals in the soil, causing farmers to move west and into the deep south. Virginians migrated into western territories looking for large areas of land and new opportunities. As Virginians moved they took traditions, ideas, and cultures with them.
31: An Abolitionist is someone who thinks slavery is wrong and fights against it. | Harrie Tubman was a slave herself.When she escaped to freedom she went back down to the south to save more slaves.She ended up saving over 300 slaves and taking them to Canada in 19 trips.She never lost a passenger and never went off the track.
32: Nat Turner was a slave.After he escaped he went back down to the south and killed about 60 men,women,and children on Plantations. | John Brown was an Abolitionist.In 1859 he led a raid on the U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry,VA.
33: The economy in the North was industrialized meaning it used machines.The South's economy was agriculture.That means they were all farmers. The northern states wanted all the new states from the Louisianna Purchase to be free states.The southern states wanted them to be slave states.
34: Conflict grew between the eastern counties of Virginia that relied on enslaved people and western counties that were against slavery. This disagreement between these two regions and resulted in the formation of the new state of West Virginia in 1863.
35: He was firmly opposed to the spread of slavery to other states. | Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1860. | After he was elected seven states seceded from the Union.
36: The president of the Union was Abraham Lincoln. He was elected president in 1860. | The main general of the Union was Ulysses S. Grant.He received Robert E. Lee's surrender.
37: The president of theConfederacy was Jefferson Davis.He was the first and only president of the Confederacy | J.E.B. Stuart had a Confederate calvary. | Stonewall Jackson was a general who was shot in Fredricksburg. | Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia.
38: The first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter. The first and second battle was at Bull Run and Manassas.The South won both of these.(July 1861) | The battle of the USS Moniter and the CSS Merrimack changed naval warfare.This battle was fought to a draw.(March 1862) | The Battle of Fredricksburg was the battle in witch "Stonewall" Jackson was killed.He was shot by one of his own men.(Dec. 1862) | The Siege of Petersburg was when General Grant moved up to take Petersburg.(1864-1865)This event led to the take of Richmond.
39: Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse. | Jefferson Davis was caught dressed as a girl by Union soldiers.He then surrendered to Abe Lincoln.
40: During Reconstruction Virginians faced many problems.Millions of freed slaves needed housing, clothing, food, and jobs, too. | Other problems were VA's economy was in ruins, money had no value, Banks were closed, and railroads, bridges, plantations, and crops were destroyed.
41: Freedman's bureau was created by congress in 1865. It provided food, medical care, and schools to freed blacks and poor white men. | Sharecropping was a new way of farming where a farmer who didn't have time to work would let people rent his land and grow crops, but if they 500 barrels of cotton he gets like 200.
42: After Reconstruction the freedoms and rights of blacks were slowly taken away, when laws were passed that made it almost impossible for them to vote. | "Jim Crow" laws had an effect on African American life. They created segregation. Southerns made it very hard for blacks to vote by creating literacy tests and poll taxes. They weren't allowed to sit with white people on buses, in restaurants, or on trains. They were forced to use separate drinking fountains an go to different schools.
43: Terms To Segregation: The separation of people, usually based on race or religion. Prejudices: negative opinions formed about people with no proof. | Know Jim Crow Laws: laws established segregation or separation of the races and reinforced prejudices held by many white people. Discrimination: an unfair difference in the treatment of people.
44: After the Civil War, advantages in industry, technology, and transportation were key factors to VA's growing economy.As more people traveled, VA's cities grew large with people, businesses, and factories.The need for more and better roads increased. Railroads were a key to the expansion of businesses, agriculture, and industry.They helped small towns grow into cities.Railroad centers attracted the building of factories where clothing, furniture, and other useful things were made. | Other parts of Virginia grew as other industries developed.Coal deposits, discovered in Tazewell County after the Civil War in nearby counties, became a source of new jobs for residents of southwest VA.Tobacco farming and tobacco products recovered from the effects of the Civil War and again became an important Virginia industry.