S: Va. History
FC: Virginia History Created by: Emil
1: Three ships named the Susan Constant, The Discovery, & Godspeed landed in Jamestown in 1607.
2: The colonists came to Jamestown because they thought that there was clean water to drink and gold and silver. It was also deep enough to dock their ships.Also it was protection from the Spanish.
4: Some of hardships are that every one is getting sick and there are Indians all around. There is no gold and silver and no good water.
6: Some of the most important people in Jamestown are Christopher Newport,Captain John Smith,and Pocahontas. John Smith was the leader of Jamestown and made friends with | Rolfe & Pocahontas
7: Pocahontas | Newport | John Smith
8: The government in Jamestown started in1619 .King James granted charters and Virginia had it's first House of Burgesses.
9: Jamestown was diverse in1619 .That same year Africans landed through the slave trade,and in1620 woman would land.
10: American Revolution
11: The French and Indies united to take down the British. It cost millions of dollars to pay for the troops. The English made the colonists pay for th war.
13: 1764,it all started...Remember that the British made the colonists had to pay for the war.Well the colonists had to put the extra money in to basic needs ,or had to pay taxes.Taxes on sugar came to be known as the sugar act. Paper got the taxes too, witch started the stamp act.
15: One bad thing in Boston was the Boston Massacre.Five men where killed because of complaining about the taxes.
17: OK so by now I think you know that the loyalists and British were fighting the colonists for the colonist's for independence.Oh you didn't ? Well I will tell you more about it. The minutemen were people that were ready for battle the minute they were called.The loyalists were colonists that remained on England's side in the war.
18: George Washington
19: Some important patriots are James A. Lafayette a slave who was a spy for the Continental Army&George Washington led the the fight for freedom.
20: The slaves & the indians were divided in the war because the different sides where able to convince the people to join them by promising them freedom.
21: Women provided support in the war no matter the task or chore by healing the wounded and making the food.
23: Some of the most important battles are... 1# Battle of Lexington and Concord 2# Battle of Great Bridge 3# Battle of Saratoga | 1# This battle was the fist battle of the war.It became known as the shot heard around the world. | 2# It was the first battle in V.A. | 3# This became known as the turning point of the war.French join the Continental Army.
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25: Treaty of Paris 2# as you can see this is not the real thing but its part of the fun ,so any way the Treaty of Paris was sighned because the colonists and French had joined together to take down the English.They wanted peace atleast for a wile.
26: George Washington was the chief of the Continental Army. Known as the Father of the Country & was the #1 president of the US. | James Madison was a very good compromiser and was a good note taker & known as the Father of the Constitution.
27: Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence ,and the VA Statue of Religious Freedom witch stated Freedom of Religion. | George Mason wrote the VA. Declaration of Rights and influenced the Bill of Rights.
29: Executive carrys out the laws. | Legislative makes laws | Judicial decide if laws have been broken.
30: Farmers were still planting tobacco and it was taking the minerals out of the soil and they had to move west. As they move they take their cultures,ideas and traditions with them.
31: An abolitionist is some one who hates slavery. One important abolitionist is Harriet Tubman. She was a slave who lead 19 trips from the south to the north leading 100s of slaves to freedom.
32: John Brown led an attack on a bout and died trying to capture lots of guns. | Nat Turner was an abolitionist that attacked 60 men women and children.[White of course.]
33: The Civil War | The north didn't need slaves because they used machines. | The south needed them though because they where on farms.
34: West Va+Va | The Civil War was one of the pivotal events in the history of the United States, one that determined once and for all the question of slavery and strengthened the role of the federal government. For Virginians, the 1861-1865 conflict was momentous for another event - the rending of Virginia into two parts, east and west, and the formation of a new state called "West Virginia." The events that led to the creation of West Virginia in 1863 - from the decades-long divisions between the eastern counties of Virginia and their sister counties to the west, through the formation of a loyal Virginia government by western counties after the state government in Richmond seceded from the Union and the meeting of various conventions to formulate a new government, to Abraham Lincoln's signing of the statehood bill and the inauguration of Arthur Boreman as West Virginia's first governor - are the focus of West Virginia Archives and History's online exhibit "A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia."
35: The Election of 1860 The presidential election was held on November 6, 1860. Lincoln did very well in the northern states, and though he garnered less than 40 percent of the popular vote nationwide, he won a landslide victory in the electoral college. Even if the Democratic Party had not fractured, it’s likely Lincoln still would have won due to his strength in states heavy with electoral votes.
36: was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He successfully led the country through its greatest constitutional, military and moral crisis—the American Civil War—preserving the Union while ending slavery and promoting economic modernization. Reared in a poor family on the western frontier, he was mostly self-educated. He became a country lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, and a one-term member of the United States House of Representatives but failed in two attempts at a seat in the United States Senate. He was an affectionate, though often absent, husband and father of four children. | Abraham Lincoln | After the American Civil War began in April 1861, he joined the Union war effort, taking charge of training new regiments and then engaging the Confederacy near Cairo, Illinois. In 1862, he fought a series of major battles and captured a Confederate army, earning a reputation as an aggressive general who seized control of most of Kentucky and Tennessee at the Battle of Shiloh. In July 1863, after a long, complex campaign, he defeated five Confederate armies (capturing one of them) and seized Vicksburg. This famous victory gave the Union control of the Mississippi River, split the Confederacy, and opened the way for more Union victories and conquests. After another victory at the Battle of Chattanooga in late 1863, President Abraham Lincoln promoted him to the rank of lieutenant general and gave him charge of all of the Union Armies. As Commanding General of the United States Army from 1864 to 1865, Grant confronted Robert E. Lee in a series of very high casualty battles known as the Overland Campaign that ended in a stalemate siege at Petersburg. During the siege, Grant coordinated a series of devastating campaigns launched by William Tecumseh Sherman, Philip Sheridan, and George Thomas. Finally breaking through Lee's trenches at Petersburg, the Union Army captured Richmond, the Confederate capital, in April 1865. Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox. Soon after, the Confederacy collapsed and the Civil War ended. | Ulysses S. Grant
37: On February 9, 1861, after he resigned from the U.S. Senate, Davis was selected provisional President of the Confederate States of America; he was elected without opposition to a six-year term that November. During his presidency, Davis took charge of the Confederate war plans but was unable to find a strategy to stop the larger, more powerful and better organized Union. His diplomatic efforts failed to gain recognition from any foreign country, and he paid little attention to the collapsing Confederate economy, printing more and more paper money to cover the war's expenses. Historians have criticized Davis for being a much less effective war leader than his Union counterpart Abraham Lincoln, which they attribute to Davis being overbearing, over controlling, and overly meddlesome, as well as being out of touch with public opinion, and lacking support from a political party (the Confederacy had no political parties.) According to historian Bell I. Wiley, the flaws in his personality and temperament made him a failure as the highest political officer in the Confederacy. His preoccupation with detail, inability to delegate responsibility, lack of popular appeal, feuds with powerful state governors, inability to get along with people who disagreed with him, and his neglect of civil matters in favor of military were only a few of the shortcomings which worked against him. | Jefferson Davis | In early 1861, President Abraham Lincoln invited Lee to take command of the entire Union Army. Lee declined because his home state of Virginia was, despite his wishes, seceding from the Union. When Virginia declared its secession from the Union in April 1861, Lee chose to follow his home state. Lee's eventual role in the newly established Confederacy was to serve as a senior military adviser to President Jefferson Davis. Lee soon emerged as the shrewdest battlefield tactician of the war, after he assumed command of the Confederate eastern army (soon christened "The Army of Northern Virginia") after the wounding of Joseph Johnston at the Battle of Seven Pines. His abilities as a tactician have been praised by many military historians. They were made evident in his many victories such as the Battle of Fredericksburg (1862), Battle of Chancellorsville (1863), Battle of the Wilderness (1864) Battle of Cold Harbor (1864), Seven Days Battles, and the Second Battle of Bull Run. His strategic vision was more doubtful—his invasions of the North in 1862 and 1863 were designed to help gain foreign recognition, seize supplies, take the pressure off his beloved Virginia, and mobilize antiwar elements in the North. After a defeat at Antietam (1862) and disaster at Gettysburg (1863), hopes for victory were dashed, and defeat for the South was almost certain. However, due to ineffectual pursuit by the commander of Union forces after both defeats, Lee escaped back to Virginia. His decision in 1863 to overrule his generals and invade the North, rather than help protect Vicksburg, proved a major strategic blunder and cost the Confederacy control of its western regions, according to critical historians, such as Sears and Eicher. Nevertheless, there is no dispute that Lee's brilliant defensive maneuvers stopped the Union offenses one after another, as he defeated a series of Union commanders in Virginia. | Robert E. Lee
44: Worth less | Reconstruction
45: Sharecropping gave farm land for poor people and they pay later with the crops | __________ | ^ | Freedmen Bureau provides food and medical care. | _____________ | ^
46: Freed slaves where not treated good after the reconstruction .
47: Segregation-separation Prejudices-bad opinions Dissemination-unfair difference
48: After the civil war,advances in industry,technology,and transportation where key factors to VA's growing economy . | Tobacco was still grown. | Railroads where important for transportation. | More roads where needed.