S: VA HISTORY
FC: Virginia History created By VICTOR
1: Jamestown 1607 | The ships were called the Discovery, Godspeed, and Susan Constant.
2: Reasons for coming to Jamestown | To find gold & silver!
3: They also thought Jamestown had enough food supplies. | They thought Jamestown had clean water and deep enough water for docking
4: There were many hardships in Jamestown. The number one hardship was sicknesses. Many settlers were killed by diseases.
5: Other hardships included not enough food or clean water.
6: like Pocahontas and her father Chief Powhatan | Important people in Jamestown.
10: American Revolution
11: French and Indian War -make the colonist pay for the war by making taxes -British vs French &Indians.
12: There are many taxes such as the Sugar Act,Stamp Act& the Townshend Acts. The King of England started these taxes to pay for the war.
14: Problems in Boston | In the Boston Massacre, 5 people were killed. Samuel Adams lead the Boston Tea Party. The Sons of Liberty dumped many gallons of tea in the Boston harbor. They did this to try to stop taxes on tea. The Patriots remained loyal to the Colonists. They did not like the taxes either.
17: American Revolution George Washington was the leader of the Continental Army. Paul Revere warned the Minute Men that the British were coming. So then when war took place, the Patriots, Sons of Liberty and Colonists fought together to win. vs People who were loyal to Britain and King George the III are called Loyalists. Lord Cornwallis was the leader of the British Army.
18: James A. Lafayette George Washington Patrick Henry Thomas Jefferson Jack Jouett Paule Revere Ben Franklin
19: Important Patriots 1. James A. Lafayette-he was a slave that fought and got his freedom. 2. George Washington-he was a leader of the Continental Army. 3. Patrick Henry-he gave his famous speech "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death." 4. Thomas Jefferson-he wrote the Declaration of Independence. 5. Jack Jouett-he rode to Monticello to tell Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry that the British were coming to arrest them. 6. Paul Revere-he road his horse and yelled to all the minute men that the British were coming. 7. Ben Franklin-he helped write the Treaty of Paris.
20: African and American Indians were divided in the war. The Indians fought for more land. The African Americans fought for their freedom. They fought against each other.
21: Women farmed and cared for sick soldiers. They made clothes for the Patriots. They supported the troops in the war.
22: Important Battles Battle of Lexington and Concord (the 1st battle) Battle of Great Bridge Battle of Saratoga
24: Battle of Yorktown was the last battle of the American Revolution. The British Captain Cornwallis surrendered at this site.
25: After the Battle of Yorktown, the Treaty of Paris was signed saying that war was over. It was signed in 1783.
26: VIRGINIANS WHO MADE IMPROTANT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE CONSTITUTION: George Washington: - Chief of Continental Army -“Father of our Country” -1st President of US -Leader of the Constitutional Convention He lead our fight for freedom! | James Madison: -Compromiser -Note taker -"Father of the Constitution" He was one of the best compromiser and note taker of the country because he always took notes at every important meetings he went to.
27: Thomas Jefferson: - Declaration of Independence - Virginia Statue of Religious Freedom -Freedom of Religion He helped all people have their own religion. | George Mason - Virginia Declaration of Rights - - Influenced the Bill of Rights He wrote the Declaration of Rights which helped influence the Bill of Rights.
28: Executive Branch | Legislative Branch | Judicial Branch
29: The Executive Branch has the governor who carries out large and small laws every day. | The Legislative Branch has law writers, the General Assembly, the Senate, and the House of Delegates) who help make the laws. | The Judicial Branch has lawyers, judges, and courts to decide if the laws have been broken.
30: Virginians Move West & South After American Revolution - Tobacco farming drained the minerals in the soil, causing many farmers to look to the west and deep South for new land to farm. - Virginians migrated into western territories looking for large areas of land and new opportunities. - As Virginians moved, they took their traditions, ideas, and cultures with them. -Their religion was taken with them too.
31: Harriet Tubman She helped 3000 people on the underground railroad. She was a freed slave. | Famous Abolitionist An Abolitionist is a person who fights against slavery.
32: John Brown He attacked Harpers Ferry. He was hung after the attack. | Nat Turner He was born as a slave. He killed 60 men, women, and children.
33: Divided Nation the economy in the northern was more industrialized using machines, while in the southern region, it was agricultural and relied more on slave labor.
34: This is west VA in the civil war it was part of VA.
35: Abe Lincoln was elected in 1860 he was opposed to slavery. He wanted new states to be free states.
36: The Confederacy is made up with farmers and slaves.President Davis,generalLee,stonewall,J.E.B Stuart are important in the war.
37: The Union is made up of workers. President Lincoln,General grant are important in war.
38: the south gave up at Appomattox court house lee gives up his army.
39: the important battles took place thouth 1860-1865. The frist at bull run in 1861. the sea battle was fought to a draw. The battle at Fredericksburg in 1862. The Siege of Petersburg thougth 1864-1865.
41: Virginians faced numerous problems during Reconstruction. - millions of freed slaves needed housing,clothing,food and jobs -Virginia's economy was in ruins -money has no value -banks were closed -railroads,bridges,plantations,and crops were destroyed
42: Freedmen's Bureau and Sharecropping Congress created the Freeman Bureau in 1865.This government agency provided food,schools,and medical care for freed African Americans and others in the south. A new system of farming called sharecropping developed because plantation owners lacked money to pay workers . The former slaves needed land and work. Sharecropping allowed freed men and farmers to rent land by paying them with crops.
43: After Reconstruction The freedoms and rights promised to African Americans were slowly taken after Reconstruction, when laws were passed that made it almost impossible for them to vote and hold office. -"Jim Crow" Laws had an effect on African-American life. -African Americans found it very difficult to vote or hold public office. -Unfair poll taxes and voting tests were established to keep African American from voting. -African Americans were forced to use separate drinking fountains. -African American and white children attended separate public schools. -They weren't allowed to sit together in public buses, trains, or restaurants.
44: After Reconstruction terms to know: -segregation: the separation of people, usually based on race or religion -prejudices: negative opinions formed about people without proof -discrimination: an unfair difference in the treatment of people -Jim Crow Laws: laws established segregation or separation of the races and reinforced prejudices held by many white people
45: Virginia's Economy Begins to Grow Again -After the Civil War, advances in industry, technology, and transportation were key factors to Virginia's growing economy. -As more people, Virginia's cities grew with more people, business and factories, The need for more and better roads increased. -Railroads were a key to the expansion of businesses, agriculture, and industry. They helped small towns grow into cities. Railroad centers attracted the building of factories were clothing, furniture, and other useful items were made. -Other parts of Virginia grew as other industries developed. Coal deposits, discovered in Tazewell County after the Civil War and in nearby counties, became a source of new jobs for residents of southwest Virginia. -Tobacco farming and tobacco products recovered from the effects of the Civil War and again came an important Virginia industry.