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What I Learned In DCS

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S: What I Learned In DCS

FC: What I Learned In DCS By: Mary Eads

1: This book is about what I learned in Digital Communication Systems(DCS) in the 9th grade. It includes things like software, input devices, hardware, etc. It also includes information on leadership and responsibility. Thanks to Mrs. MacMahan, I've learned new things that will help me on my road to success. - Mary Eads

2: There are three different components that make up a computer: hardware, software, and system software.

3: Hardware: Things that make up the computer such as the keyboard, mouse, and monitor. Software: Things you load up onto the computer to use the hardware for. Such as word processing, spreadsheet, and database. System Software: What you need to make your computer function. It is what makes your computer start up and shut down.

4: There are four different types of software. Shareware, Freeware, Public Domain Software, and Commercial software.

5: Shareware: It is copyrighted and it's free on the trial bases. Freeware: Free, owner still has the rights to it though. It cannot be distributed or changed without the owners permission. Public Domain Software: The public owns it which means there is no owner. It can be distributed and changed without permission. Commercial Software: Software you have to pay for before you use it. It's copyrighted and can't be changed without permission from the owner(s).

6: There are four types of hardware. Input devices, output devices, CPU, and storage.

7: Input Devices: Input devices are things such as keyboards, mice, webcams, USB drives and more. Output Devices: Output devices are things such as monitors, speakers, scanners, printers, and more. CPU: The CPU is where the RAM(Random Access Memory) is stored. It functions the whole computer. Storage: Where the ROM(Read Only Memory) is stored. It also holds the things you save to your computer such as word documents, spreadsheets, powerpoints, etc.

8: There are different types of viruses and they are all harmful. There is Bomb, Worm, Phage, Trojan Horse, and Hoax.

9: Bomb: Intended to go off at a certain time. Worm: Goes into your computer and through you documents and deletes them. Phage: Happens when your PDA is plugged into a computer, the computer can get a virus from the PDA's database. Trojan Horse: Made to look like something you want, then when you click on it, it is a virus. Hoax: Made to make you think you have a virus when you don't.

10: Speech recognition is good to increase productivity, helps avoid injury, improves writing, reading, and speaking skills.

11: The voice engine takes your voice and tries to match it to words in it's dictionary. There are two types of speech recognition: discrete and continuous. DISCRETE: Make a slight pause between each word. CONTINUOUS: Talk as if you are having a conversation. You must train the software to your voice. The microphone should be an inch away from your mouth and you should talk clearly.

12: There are many different alternate input devices. There is the USB drive, or handheld computers. Here are a few examples of some. | Environmental Control Units: Enables people to manipulate and interact with their surroundings easily such as touching a button, flipping a switch, or even talking. Biometric Devices: Use attributes of the body like fingerprints to make things more secure. There is even things such as signature and voice for security.

13: USB Drives: Small, portable memory card that plugs into the USB port. Stores information that you need. Handheld Computers: Pocket size computing device, typically having a display screen and can put in information. Digital Cameras: Records and stores photogenic images in digital form for easy uploading and sharing. Controllers: Mainly used for video games and it is typically connected to a gaming system or computer. Mouses: Used to control the computer. Whichever way you move the mouse the pointer on the screen follows.

14: Word processing is a program you need to use to write reports, make notes, etc. You can also do many different things to the report.

15: You can underline the text. You can bold it. You can italicize. There are different type faces. You can change how big it is.

16: Accountability means not whining, no excuses, and dealing with a problem; you embrace responsibility and work at problems. Which is also leadership.

17: Being accountable is broken down into 4 steps. Step 1: (See It) - See the truth of the situation and understand the situation from all sides. Step 2: (Own It) - Become accountable for your part in the situation and decide to face the situation and deal with it effectively. Step 3: (Solve It) - Be accountable for finding a solution and focus on your goal and involve others wherever they are affected. Step 4: (Do It) - Embrace your full responsibility for results and remain answerable for your progress in attaining those results.

18: Victimization is being the opposite of accountable. It is whining about something that you didn't do or something that you don't want to do.

19: Telltale signs of Victimization 1. Repeatedly becoming offensive 2. Feeling unfairly treated and powerless to do anything 3. Feeling a loss of control over present circumstances. | Victim Phrases 1. It's not my job. 2. It wasn't my fault. 3. I would have but... 4. That's too much work. 5. I didn't because...

20: What is the difference in between accountability and victimization? Accountability is solving the problem, victimization is running from the problem.

21: Accountability 1. See It 2. Own It 3. Solve It 4. Do It Accountability is a great quality to have because you can solve any problem at hand. | Victimization 1. Ignore/Deny 2. It's Not My Job 3. Finger Pointing 4. Confusion 5. Cover Your Tail 6. Wait and See Victimization is not a good quality to have because you run away from problems.

22: Letters can be used for many different things. They can be used to write a family member, a friend, or even a business.

23: There are two types of business letters. Business Letter : Represents a company Personal Business Letter : Represents a person There is two ways to write a business letter. Block Style : Everything starts at the left margin Modified Block Style : Everything starts at the center point There are two different types of fonts Serif : Extra little details on letters Sans Serif : Plain and simple letters

24: Memos are written notes that go to people in the same business or organization.

25: Requirements for a Memos: 1" or 2" top margin 1" side margin Single space within paragraphs Double space between paragraphs Parts of a Memo: TO,FROM,DATE,SUBJECT are headings Memo Body Reference Initials Attachment/Enclosure Notation Distribution Lists

26: Unbound & Bound Reports Unbound Reports: Reports that are usually short without covers. Top margin for the first page is 2". The following pages top margins is 1". The side and bottom margins is 1" Center title, put in all caps, quadruple space. Double space the body. Side headings are initial capped and underlined. Paragraph headings are indented .5" from the left margin.

27: Bound Reports: Longer reports with covers Top, right, and bottom margins are same as unbound; left is 1.5" Title Pages Should Include The Following: - Report Title - Name - Date

28: There are many different business documents that effect our lives everyday and effect how we receive a job.

29: Job Application- Employment form to show information about applicants. Resume- One page document of personal information, work experience, recommendations, etc. Purchase Request- Used within a business when something needs to be bought. Purchase Order- Sent from one business to another to buy a product or service. Invoice- Shows how much is owed for a product or service. Agenda- Order of topics to be talked about at a meeting. Minutes- A summary of what happens in a meeting. Itinerary- A list of dates, times, schedules, etc. used for a trip.

30: Spreadsheet is a program that lets you use rows and columns to manage, present, and predict information.

31: Active Cell: Cell ready for data Alignment: Data entered into cell Cell: Intersection of row and column Cell Range: Selected group of cells Cell Reference: B4, G2, A5 Column: Identified by number Row: Identified by number Formula: =B4*G6 Function: AVERAGE(B3:B17) Label: Text, Symbols & Dates Value: Number entered that is used for calculations Please. Excuse .My. Dear. Aunt. Sally. Parenthesis. Exponents. Multiply. Divide. Add. Subtract.

32: Database stores information and organizes it for easy use and access.

33: Database is a container; like a bucket The Internet is the world's largest database Database contains four things: Tables: Contains the data. Usually more than one Forms: Provides specific information of people Reports: Filters through data Query: Creates forms

34: Microtype teaches you how to type at a good, steady pace and have 100 percent accuracy. We did skill analysis to show our growth. My growth chart is on the following page.

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