S: Who Am I? ALBERT EINSTEIN By Abby Brand
FC: Who Am I? ALBERT EINSTEIN By Abby Brand
1: I was born in Ulm, Germany on March 14th, in 1879. On June 21st in 1880 my family and I moved to Munich, Germany. My sister, Maria, was born on November 18th, 1881. I called my sister Maja. I started to play the violin when I was 6 years old. I eventually became an accomplished violinist, and I have played this instrument throughout my life. When I was younger (9, 10, and 11 years old) I did well only in math and Latin. I liked the fact that Latin grammar is logical.
2: In June, 1894 my family moved to Milan, Italy but I stayed in Munich. That very year December 29th I dropped out of school and joined my family in Milan. In the year of 1895, I failed the entrance exam for the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland. After that I went back to secondary school at Aarau for a year. On the 28th of January 1896, I gave up my German citizenship to keep from being drafted to the army. That same year in October I began studying at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. I graduated in 1900 as a math teacher. February 21, 1901, I officially became a citizen of Switzerland. May to July I worked as a teacher at a private school and also worked as a temporary teacher at the same school. I was dating a girl named Mileva at the time when she had a baby girl named Lieserl in January, 1902. I was hired as patent officer in Bern, Switzerland on June 16th during the same year.
3: January 6, 1903 Mileva and I were married in Bern, Switzerland. In April, 1903 two friends and I formed an Olympia Academy. On May 14th, 1904 Hans Albert, my first son, was born. I published four papers that changed the world of physics in 1905. My papers included the “Special Theory of Relativity”. I received my doctorate degree from the University of Zurich on January 15, 1906. February 28, 1908, I took a junior teaching position at Bern University. At the University of Zurich I was given the job to be a professor of theoretical physics on May 17, 1909. My second son Eduard was born on July 28, 1910.
4: In 1911, I became a full professor at Karl-Ferdinand University in Prague. Then, later on, I attended the first Solvay Congress. January 30, 1912 I was appointed a professor at the Zurich Polytechnic. Then on December 7, 1913 I accepted a position at the University of Berlin. In 1914 World War I broke out. The same year in June, Mileva and I separated and she and her sons returned to Zurich. Then in November of 1915 I signed a “Manifesto to the Europeans” explaining my pacifist feelings. Then in 1916 I published a paper proposing the final version of my general theory of relativity. I was also elected president of the German Physical Society. October 1, 1917 the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics in Berlin opened with me as a director. Then, in 1918 World War I ended . . . finally!
5: In 1919, I obtained a divorce with Mileva and married my cousin Elsa Lowenthal. In the same year on November 6, a solar eclipse lets British astronomers confirm the general theory of relativity and I became world famous. Then in 1920, I was given a top award from France called the Ordre pour la Merite. During the next year, 1921 from April to May, I visited the United States of America for the first time. In 1922 I worked on the unified field theory. In October 1922, I toured Japan, Hong Kong, Palestine, and Spain. Next, in November of 1922, I won the Nobel Prize for my work on the quantum theory of light. In 1924 in Potsdam, Germany, The Einstein Institute opened. In 1925 I predicted the existence of Bose-Einstein condensates. I toured South America in 1925 too. In 1925, I was also given the Copley Medal from the Royal Society, a famous organization of leading British scientists, and the gold medal of the Royal Astronomical Society of London.
6: I suffered from heart troubles in 1928. I won the Max Planck Medal (a major physics prize) next. In 1932 I left Germany and never came back. In August, 1932 I was appointed a professor at the Institute of Advanced Study in Princeton. In 1935 2 co-workers and I wrote a paper about the EPR paradox and this was in fact my last great paper and after being ignored for many years. However it is having a huge influence on science currently. On December 20, in 1936 my wife, Elsa Einstein died in Princeton, New Jersey. Unfortunately, in 1939 World War II started. On August 2, 1939 I wrote to President Roosevelt (of the US) warning him that German scientists are working on an atomic bomb.
7: I was very excited in 1940 (October 1st to be exact), I became an American citizen. Five years later in 1945, atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and World War II ended. In 1948 I published my last attempt at a unified field theory. My dear sister Maja died in 1951. In November, 1952 I was offered the presidency of Israel but I turned it down. On, April 18, 1955 I died in Princeton, New Jersey of heart failure.
8: Bibliography Picture Websites/Websites Picture #1- Albert Einstein about 4 yrs. Old- http://library.thinkquest.org/C005803F/ein2.h1.gif Picture #2- Albert Einstein and Maja as kids- http://www.worldculturepictorial.com/images/content_2/childhood_albert-einstein_and_sister_maja.jpg Picture #3- Albert Einstein as a patent officer- http://www.ams.org/mathmedia/images/md-200605-young-einstein.jpg Picture #4- Albert Einstein in his middle ages- http://robfatland.net/MainSequence/Digressions/Biographies/AlbertEinstein/Einstein.jpg Picture #5- Albert Einstein playing the violin- http://cache3.asset-cache.net/xc/56462891.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=45B0EB3381F7834DCACD84296AB8DFF1DFA422EF3DD546DFF4CFCD939224E6EC Picture #6- Albert Einstein next to a chalkboard- http://bolstablog.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/albert-einstein-middle-aged.jpg “Albert Einstein A Life of a Genius” By Elizabeth MacLeod Published by “Kids Can Press” in Tonawanda, New York Copyrighted in 2003
9: Picture #7- Albert Einstein a little older and sticking out his tongue- http://www.belvideresd.org/hs/news/www/physics/einsteinfunny.jpg Books “Albert Einstein A Life of a Genius” By Elizabeth MacLeod Published by “Kids Can Press” in Tonawanda, New York Copyrighted in 2003