S: Mary Judd and Morgan Fritz
FC: Mary Judd and Morgan Fritz | World History Wrap Up
1: Dedicated to: the best (and only) world history teacher we've ever had; Coach Mikulas.
3: Table of Contents | 1. Ancient River Valley Civilizations 2. Classical Greece and Rome 3. Post Classical Africa and Asia 4. Post Classical Medieval Europe 5. Renaissance and Reformation 6. Enlightenment and Revolutions 7. World War 1 8. World War 2 9. Cold War
4: Ancient River Valley Civilization | Early river valley civilizations centered around the Nile, Tigris, Euphrates, Indus, Yellow, and Yangtze rivers. It provided people the fertile crescent, rich fertile land, to farm on. As the rivers kept flooding and then receding, it left thick mud called silt, which allowed the people to farm more easily. The people dug irrigation systems to help get water to other parts of the land as well. The spread of ideas was also common in the river valley civilizations, this is called cultural diffusion. The river valley civilizations were the first civilizations and they are what started it all.
5: If Hammurabi hadn't made his code of laws, the idea of structure would never have come about, and our civilizations would never be as civilized as they are today. societies would be crazy without rules and laws! People would be doing whatever they want whenever they want with no consequences.
6: Classical Greece and Rome | Classical Greece is separated into polis' or city-states. They were governed by either a monarchy, an aristocracy, or an oligarchy. Sparta, a city-state, was mainly ruled by their military. Athens, another city-state, tried to rule by democracy. Athens and Sparta had a war, called the Peloponnesian War. Sparta won, and Athens lost almost everything. Also during this time, Christianity was becoming popular in Rome.
7: If Athens had not embraced democracy, people would still be ruled by one single dictator, and even today we would be under the rule of a ruler who abuses their power like all single dictators do, and have done. We also would never have gotten the idea of representation for the people in the government, and the U.S. would be COMPLETELY different!
8: Post-Classical Africa and Asia | Africa is covered in many savannas, or grassy plains. The biggest desert in Afirca is the Sahara. Because there were so many deserts and savannas, Africans had to be nomadic. They traveled in Clans. Then, there was a massive migration of the Bantu-speaking peoples. These people developed Agriculture, and the population in West Africa increased.
9: If the mongols had not opened the silk road, safe travel between the civilizations would have been a lot harder, and more dangerous. Also, China's economy would have suffered greatly. because their was not another big trading route in east China.
10: Post Classical (Medieval) Europe | The medieval period or the middle ages, was during 500to 1500. During the middle ages, churches built monasteries which allowed Christian men to give up everything secular, or worldly and become full servants of God. Feudalism also played a big role in Europe. It created a social class system where kings were at the point followed by nobles and church officials, after come the knights and then lastly and least the peasants.
11: If the black plague didn't attack western Europe, there would be a bigger population, and the church would have more power. It wasn't until the black plague that people started loosing faith in the church because their prayers were going unanswered, so if it never happened, the church would never have lost power.
12: Renaissance and the Reformation | The time period from 1300 to 1600 was called the Renaissance. This means "rebirth." People of western Europe began thinking of new ways to learn, and make art. Scholars also started to study ancient Greek texts which led to humanism. Humanism is the focus on human potential and achievements. In 1517, Martin Luther decided to take a stand against the friar, Johann Tetzel, who was trying to raise money for a new church by selling indulgences. Indulgences released a sinner from their sins. People started agreeing with luther, and the church went down in power. This is called the Reformation.
13: If the Gutenburg printing press had not been invented, communication would be limited, and even today we would not have big book stores, newspapers that come to our house every day, copy machines, printers and magazines. It would be a very different world.
14: Enlightenment and Revolutions | The enlightenment was a time of age or reason. Many people were apart of the enlightenment time period by inputting their ideas on everything, like: John Lock, who gave us the idea of natural rights, Thomas Hobbes gave us the social contract, Volataire published many essays and books, and Montesquieu gave us the separation of powers. Many people gave ideas and contributed to the enlightenment period.
15: If the industrial revolution had begun in Germany or Russia, those countries would probably have been more successful because they would have held more power in the world. Also they would have had more advanced economies, and even governments. Other countries would look up to them because they had the great idea of industrializing before everyone else!
16: World War I | Militarism, or glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war was common through out the world. During the war the sides were the central powers and the allies. Fighting was done on the western front and the eastern front. another major thing to not is that most countries brought into the war were only brought in because of alliances causing the war to grow from a small conflict between two counties to a huge war between many.
17: If Germany had not been solely blamed for World War I, the war might have gone on longer because of other countries trying to "clear their name." Also, Germany may have been more liked in the world because their would be other countries to share the heat with them.
18: World War II | The beginning of the war started when Japan attacked the United States by bombing Pearl Harbor. Then battles continually took place. The next major thing people talk about world wide is the Holocaust, a genocide ran by Adolf Hitler who killed millions of people to try and take over.
19: If the British and the French had not used appeasement as their foreign policy, the war may have ended quicker because the U.S. and the central powers would have been stronger with two more countries actually fighting. The central powers would've held more power against the axis powers because than the British, and French would not just giving in to what the axis powers wanted.
20: Cold War | The cold war was a state of diplomatic hostility that developed between two super powers. NATO, the north Atlantic treaty Organization, was an alliance that threatened the Soviet Union. The cold war also affected science and education. U-2 planes were shot down by the soviet union adding more mistrust and tension to the already fighting powers. The war was known as brinkmanship because everyone was willing to go to the edge for whatever had to be done.
21: If the Soviet Union had landed on the moon first, the US would not be as well known for their scientific advances, and the soviet union would have gotten even stronger because of their scientific accomplishments. It would have been like adding fuel to their engine. Who knows what the Soviets would have done next with an accomplishment like getting to space first under their belt.