FC: World War 1 vs World War 2 | By:Amir Gulati
1: Amir Gulati May 2010 Elmwood Franklin School I would like to dedicate this mixbook to all of the soldiers that lost their lives fighting for their country. I chose this topic because I really enjoyed learning about both World Wars. I also thought that it would be cool to compare the two wars.
2: My book is about World War 1 vs World War 2. Things were very different in both of the wars. I am going to discuss the causes of the war, the different types of warfare and technology, the role of women, and the global influence.
3: Thesis | The results of World War I and World War II had similar effects on the world; however, they were also very different due to the different technology available and many other factors.
4: Cause of World War 1 | World War 1 began when Arch-Duke of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand, was assassinated by Serbians. Austria-Hungary then declared war on Serbia. The rest of the countries joined this pointless war because of the alliances. Each country had to protect another country if the country that they are supposed to protect was being attacked. The war was caused by a stupid little thing. It should have never happened.
5: Causes of World War 2 | World War 2 began when Germany, under Hitler's rule, invaded Poland. Another cause was the Holocaust. After World War 1, Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles said that Germany caused World War 1. It was very humiliating for Germany to sign it. They wanted revenge so they started World War 2.
6: Use of Different types of Warfare and Technology in Both Wars: German U-Boats and Machine Guns in WW 1 | German U-Boats were used to sink merchant ships because the Germans realized that they did not need to capture the ships, they simply needed to sink them. The most ships went in and out of the British Isles. Therefore, the Germans declared a war zone around the British Isles and sunk 50 boats. When the Luisitana was sunk, Americans were outraged and protested against Germany to stop. Germany did, but only for a short while. The US was finally sick of the U-Boats that they entered the war. The trade route was cleared up shortly after the US entered the war. Machine guns were the most dominating weapon in World War 1. People were so afraid of getting killed that this single weapon caused trench warfare. It killed more people than any other weapon. Technology was not advanced enough to stop it.
7: Use of Different types of Warfare and Technology in Both Wars: Airforce in WW2 | The Battle of Britain is an example of airforce in World War 2. The Luftwaffe dropped large amounts of bombs on London and surrounding cities. It was part of the German Blitzkrieg. The Luftwaffe's objective was to lure the RAF into battle. Finally, the RAF sent their pilots into the air to do battle three, four, or five times a day. Their defense never broke once to the Luftwaffe. Hitler was very frustrated and decided to turn and defeat Russia. Another example of the use of airforce in World War 2 is Pearl Harbor. Japan tried to conquer China and the US did not like that at all. The US immediately cut off all natural resource exports to Japan. Then they mocked Japan by financially aiding China. Japan's solution to get the resources was to immobilize Pearl Harbor. The Japanese airforce flew over Pearl Harbor and dropped multiple bombs on the military base. The last example of the use of airforce in World War 2 is Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Both of these cities were in Japan and were bombed by an atomic bomb. Hiroshima was the first target for the atomic bomb. Three days later, Nagasaki was bombed. A quarter of a million people were killed by the bombs by impact, the actual explosion, and radiation waves. The cities were destroyed in minutes.
8: This chart compares the amount of casualties in World War One and World War Two.
9: This graph shows the percent of job losses after World War Two. This graph continues on.
10: Role of Women In WW1 | It | The role of women in World War 1 was an important factor in the outcome of the war. Women got involved because all the men had to go to war. That meant that there was not anybody to work in the factories. Women's jobs consisted of being nurses; entertaining soldiers by dramatic readings, poetry, song and dance, and lectures; providing food and other supplies to the military; telephone operators; and journalists. Women in the US were not the only women to work for their country; women from every country that was in the war worked for their country.
11: Role of Women In WW1 Continued... | Women in Russia during the Czarist Regime took part in combat. Russia was the only country in World War 1 to use women in combat. A few women served in traditional roles (normal behaviors and lifestyles). The US hired many women for the Navy. 13,000 women enlisted for the Navy, mostly doing clerical work. They were the first women to be admitted into the Navy. In Germany, with most men gone, many women entered industrial jobs.
12: Role of Women in WW2 The role of women in World War 2 was a huge factor in the outcome of the war. Huge amounts of women filled in for the mens jobs. 6 million women took wartime jobs in factories or filling in for men in farms. 3 million women also volunteered with the red cross. With casualties growing, women could no longer stay at home, they had to go and fight.
13: Global Influence of WW1 | After the official end of World War I, the world was changed for decades in the forms of politics, economics and public opinion. Germany was humiliated by the Treaty of Versailles and was not happy with the end result of World War One. The Treaty of Versailles was the cause of World War Two, because Germany wanted revenge. Europe was in debt to many countries. Inflation was also rising, making it harder to pay back other countries. World War One forced scientists to enhance technology. Therefore, technology skyrocketed. People felt that the war had the psychological effect of a revolution. A feeling of disillusionment spread across the world.
14: Global Influence of World War Two | Europe barely recovered before World War Two began. Germany was totally defeated, and the Nazi regime was destroyed. Adolf Hitler began the Holocaust. The Holocaust was when Hitler tried to get rid of all Jews in the world. He sent them to concentration camps and forced labor camps to work for the German army. Jews were also sent to death camps where they were gassed and killed. Auschwitz was the most feared camps for any Jew. That was where they were killed. After the concentration camps were invaded and taken over, survivors were taken to hospitals to be treated. Remaining Nazi officials were sent to the Nuremburg Trials where they were convicted of committing hate and racism crimes.
15: Global Influence of World War 2 Continued... Japanese officials were also convicted of war crimes for helping the Nazis. Germany did not need to worry about Adolf Hitler anymore because he committed suicide before anyone could find him. Japan was temporarily placed under US rule. Because most of Europe was in ruins, recovery depended on the United States for financial aid. That was beneficial for the US because the economy in the United States was greatly stimulated, even more than World War 1. The US became the leading military power and also became one of the most powerful countries in the world. During the war, technology skyrocketed. Scientists created a medicine that fought disease. Due to the medicine, population increased. The atomic bomb was created by American and English scientists. This marked the beginning of nuclear power. No atomic bomb has been used since then. In June of 1945, the United Nations was created. All significant world powers were members.
16: Conclusion | The causes of both wars were very different. The use of different technology and warfare was very different because of technology. Technology allowed more things to occur. The role of women was a huge factor in the outcomes in the wars. The global influence was very similar in both wars. The results of World War I and World War II had similar effects on the world, however they were also very different due to the different technology available and many other factors.
17: Works Cited | Gilbert, Martin. The Second World War. New York: Henry Holtz and Company, LLC, n.d. Google Books. Web. 10 May 2010.
18: Picture Citations | Pg.1: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-426645/German-war-babies-come-looking-British-fathers.html Pg. 6: http://history1900s.about.com/library/photos/blywwiip208.htm pg.14: http://med-dept.com/med_hist.php Pg.15:http://www.ritholtz.com/blog/2010/02/employment-chart-roundup/