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WWII

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WWII - Page Text Content

BC: Jeremy Bishop Mrs. Porter 1B

FC: World War II

1: Leaders

2: Allies - Charles de Gaulle - Winston Churchill - Josef Stalin - Franklin D. Roosevelt - Harry Truman

3: Axis - Benito Mussolini - Adolf Hitler - Emperor Hirohito - Hideki Tojo

4: Winston Churchill - Succeeded Neville Chamberland for Prime Minister of Great Britain. | Charles de Gaulle - Leader of the Free French Goverment which opposed an armistice with Germany.

5: Harry Truman - Succeeded F.D.R. as U.S. president. - Made the decision to drop the atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. | Franklin D. Roosevelt - Helped pass the Neutrality Acts which attempted to keep the U.S. out of the war. - Passed Lend-Lease Act that allowed the U.S. to give goods to Allied forces. - Helped make the Atlantic Charter which was a plan for the world after the war.

6: Josef Stalin - Ruler of facist country Russia. - Made a treaty with Hitler and was invaded two years later.

7: Adolf Hitler - Came to power in Germany through deception and false promises. - Made Germany a facist country. - Believed that Germans were the "master race" - Increased military build-up which reduced inflation and depression caused by WWI. - Replaced the Weimar Replublic with Third Reich in 1933. | Benito Mussolini - Wanted to restore facist Italy back to the glory that Rome had. - Tried to take over the African colonies and was beat back by the Allies.

8: Hideki Tojo - Became Prime Minster in 1941. Sentenced to death for war crimes after the Japanese surrendered. | Emperor Hirohito - Started the militarization and modernization of Japan. - Empire replaced Shogunate system in 1868. - Empire included East Indes, Burma, Philippines, Mongolia, and Manchuria.

9: Road to War - Japan's Empire - Axis Alliance - Mussolini in Africa - Non-Aggression Pact

10: Japan's Empire - The Japanese empire was ultimately ended by the U.S. nuclear attack on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. - | Axis Alliance - Alliance between Germany, Japan, and Italy.

11: Mussolini in Africa - Defeated in Operation Compass and the Battle of Gondar. | Non-Aggression Pact - Peace treaty between the Soviet Union and Germany. - Signed in 1939 but broken in 1941 when Germany executed Operation Barbarossa.

12: Appeasement: Hitler's Empire - Policies regarding Germany - Hitler's violations of the Treaty of Versailles - Militarizing - Rhineland - Anschluss - Sudetenland(Munich Conference) - Czechoslovakia - Appeasement

13: Policies Regarding Germany - Reduced Army and Navy drasticly. - Rhineland demilitarized. - Forced to give up its colonies. | Hitler's Violations of the Treaty of Versailles - In 1935, he rebuilt the armed forces. - Hitler occupied the Rhineland in 1936. - Annexed Austria in 1938. - Annexed Czechoslovakia.

14: Militarizing - Hitler began building up the German military in 1935. | Rhineland - Hitler started to occupy the demilitarized Rhineland in 1936.

15: Anschluss - In defiance of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany annexed Austria. | Munich Conference - Permitted the annexation of Sudetenland.

16: Appeasement - Great Britain and France commited acts of "appeasement" in order to prevent a 2nd World War. | Czechoslovakia - Hitler annexed part of Czech. because he believed it had a major German population.

17: European Theater - Invasion of Poland - Invasion of France - Battle of Britain - Operation Barbarossa - Operation Overlord

18: Invasion of Poland - On September 1, 1939, Germany used the new "Blitzkrieg" technique and invaded Poland. This invasion started World War II.

19: Invasion of France - On May 10, 1940, Germany invaded France, effectively ending the Phony War. The British and French escaped from the city of Dunkirk to Britain and were transported out by all ships avaliable to them.

20: Battle of Britain - An attempt by Germany's Luftwaffe to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force. It was the first battle fought entirely in the air. - Kept German air power from destroying Britain. - British radar gave early warning. - British break Enigma code of German plans.

21: Operation Barbarossa - Germany invaded Russia on June 21, 1941. It climaxed in the Battle of Stalingrad in which over 2 million people were killed.

22: Operation Overlord - This was the operation marked by "D-Day", or the invasion of Normany, France by Allied powers on June 6, 1944. Dwight D. Eisenhower was the Supreme Allied Forces Commander.

23: African Theater - Italian Desires - Axis Gains - General Rommel vs. General Montgomery - Battle of El Alamein - Operation Torch

24: Italian Desires - Mussolini wanted to restore the glory of Rome to Italy. | Axis Gains - Italy wanted to take over Ethiopia | General Rommel vs. General Montgomery - Rommel and Montgomery met in the battles of El Alamein.

25: Battle of El Alamein - The battle of El Alamein stopped the last Axis invasion of Eygpt. | Operation Torch - This was the clearing of all Axis powers from Africa.

26: Pacific Theater - Pearl Harbor - Battle of Midway - Battle of Guadalcanal - Iwo Jima - Atomic Bomb

27: Pearl Harbor - December 7, 1941. The Japanese launched a surprise attack on the U.S. | Battle of Midway - The biggest naval battle of the war. The U.S. crippled the Japanese Navy. | Battle of Guadalcanal - The first strategic victory for the U.S. over the Japanese.

28: Atomic Bomb - Two atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. This assault effectively ended the war. | Iwo Jima - The first U.S. attack on Japanese home islands.

29: Outcomes of the War - Establishment of two superpowers - U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. - Demilitarization and democratization of Japan. - Germany split - United Nations - Nuremberg Trials

30: Establishment of two superpowers - U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. - Because of the use of nuclear warfare, this set the stage for an arms race between powerful nations.

31: Demilitarization and democratization of Japan - Japan was made to demilitarize and convert to a democratic government.

32: Germany split - After the war, Germany was split into East and West. East Germany was communist while West Germany was a republic. | United Nations - Formed after the war to try and solve all problems through peaceful diplomacy.

33: Nuremberg Trials - Persecution of the main Nazi leaders for their war crimes in World War II.

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  • By: Jeremy B.
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