FC: WWII Memory Book | Meredith Laffey and Lauren Pfeil
1: Family Background Hayden and Portia Burminghamm Son: George Carl Burminghamm | Hayden Burminghamm Hometown: NYC, NY Location now: Clyde, CA Age: 41 Background: Born in 1900 in NYC, attended Baruch College in NYC. Studied engineering. Married Portia in 1923. Moved to CA in 1924. | Portia Burminghamm Hometown: NYC, NY Location now: Clyde, CA Age: 36 Background: Born in NYC in 1905, attended Baruch College in NYC. Studied nursing. Married Hayden in 1923. Moved to CA in 1924. | George Burminghamm Hometown: Clyde, CA Location now: Clyde, CA Age: 18 Background: Born in Clyde CA. Recently graduated Clyde High School. Accepted into Argosy University in 1941. | Family History: Both Hayden and Portia's families are of French lineage who immigrated to the US in 1836. After years of troubles
2: Major Causes of American Involvement in WWII There were several events that caused the US to become involved in WWII. Among these include wanting to help our our allies who were under attack, wanting to defend democracy and save human rights, and to protect American Trade routes throughout the world. However, the largest and most prominent cause of the US involvement in WWII was the attack on Pearl Harbor from the Japanese. This prominent attack on the US military base at Pearl Harbor caused Nationwide outrage toward Japan and a declaration of war with Japan. (this then later caused Germany and Italy to back Japan up and cause even more attention.
4: EUROPEAN THEATER | Normandy Invasion (D-Day) June 6, 1944 - June 30, 1944 | Summary: Twelve allied nations some including The United States, Canada, and Great Britain set out to invade five beaches of France. 5,000 ships carried allied forces and vehicles across the English Channel to France. 10,000 troops made it ashore and secured French coastal villages. By June 30th, they had a strong hold of Normandy. | George's involvement: George was a member of the 101st Airborne Division and had responsibility for successfully landing one of the 11,000 aircraft onto one of designated beaches. | 101st Airborne Division | Outcome: The allies successfully made it to Paris despite the challenging terrain and inaccurate landing maps. they continued their march across Europe. The invasion was necessary in order to advance the war to the western border of Germany.
5: Battle of Bulge December 16, 1944- January 16, 1945 | Summary: This was an unexpected but unsuccessful attack by Germans in Ardennes region of southern Belgium. They tried to push the troops out of their territory. Hitler plotted various attacks by three armies in an attempt to split the Allies in two. They broke through several lines of the troops but not all were killed. He also tried take Antwerp port to cut off their ability to supply themselves. When the weather permitted, the Allies were able to use air power and attack the Germans on December 23rd. | Outcome: Germany withdrew due to the lack of fuel and it was their last major offense against the Allies. | George's involvement: He continued to be a member of the 101st Airborne Division and was a part of the successful invasion through Bastogne.
6: Numerous landing ships are approaching shore to deliver supplies and troops. The barrage balloons are attached to the ships to protect them against low flying German aircraft.
7: This is George taking refuge in a Belgian Forest during the Battle of the Bulge. The freezing temperatures made it even more difficult to survive. Thankfully, he was not killed in the initial attack of the front line by the Germans.
8: PACIFIC THEATER | 11th Airborne DIvision | NEW GUINEA 24 January 1943- 31 December 1944 | Summary: Allied forces destroyed the Japanese convoy during their attempt to reinforce Lae in March 1943 in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. Later Air Force bombers attacked air fields in Wewak and the west part of New Guinea almost fully gained by by July 1944. The Japanese surrendered the island by December 1944. | Outcome: Allied forces (mainly the US and Australia) took the island of New Guinea from Japanese control starting in January 1943 and ending in December 1944. | Hayden's Involvement: Hayden was a part of the 11th Airborne Division of the United States Air Force. He flew planes in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea and bombed airfields and Wewak
9: SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES 15 December 1944- 4 July 1945 | Summary: Several landings were made in the southern portion of the Philippines (Palawan, Mindanao, Panay, Cebu and other islands). On some of islands the Japanese offered little resistance and on others they held out for considerable time. The liberation of the Philippines was achieved by the Allies on 5 July 1945. | Outcome: Allied forces liberated all of the Islands of the Philippines by July 1945 | Hayden's Involvement: Hayden was involved on the air strikes on the Philippines, the attacks on the air strips in Mindoro and helped on air spying missions.
10: Shot of some of the planes used in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. Hayden helped fly these planes that dropped bombs on the Japanese convoy trying to reinforce Lae. The convoy was almost completely sunk.
11: Shot of one of the Planes taking off of an aircraft carrier before the attack on the airstrip in Mindoro. Hayden also helped attack this airstrip during his service in the Pacific.
12: HOME FRONT | Portia served as a Red Cross Nurse. She was one of the 104,000 nurses that provided service to U.S. military, Allies, and civilian victims. Her responsibilities included shipping packages and supplies to American and Allied prisoners of war. She also aided in curing the injured and helped initiate the national blood drive to collect 13.3 million pints of blood for armed forces. She then worked in a factory producing ammunition, weapons, and aircraft for the war effort. Portia worked long hours but did not make as much money as the men. | Red Cross Nurse and Factory Worker
13: This is a common add to promote women to volunteer as nurses during the time of war | Below is a poster that encouraged women to join the workforce and take up the duties of the men who went to war. They were obligated to show their power to sustain the the home front.
14: POST WAR | Major Outcomes of WWII Some of the major outcomes of WWII included wages in America to increase as well as the Federal Spending to increase. Women's percentages in the workplace also increased as well. Outside of the US, the end of the war ultimately resulted in the Allied forces winning and the Axis forces brutally defeated. It also caused an international frenzy over the bombs that the US dropped on Japan. The bombs attracted a lot of attention and also caused the a mad rush to create newer better bombs and weapons.
15: Effects of the war on the Burminghamm's Luckily, neither one of the Burminghamm men were killed at war. Both made it back home safely to Clyde CA. George ended up graduating from college as planned before and settled into life building and designing rail bridges. Also married soon after he returned home and settled into his new life easily. Hayden also made it home safely from the war and returned to life with Portia. For his service Hayden earned a WWII victory medal, a distinguished flying cross and and air medal. When her men returned Portia quit her job at the factory but kept her job as a nurse.