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Nayyirs Amazing Fantastical Scrap Book

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BC: Thank You And May The Force Be With You | Thats all folks!

FC: Nayyir's Amazing scrap book | Block:3


2: BEOWULF The Anglo-Saxon Superman | "You killed kenning! You bastard!" Kennings were a poetic device used in these times and other then Beowulf, they never caught on in the contemporary literature of the time. examples include Battle flasher to refer to a sword and protector of men to refer to Beowulf himself. they were usually metaphoric riddles. | One of the earliest epic stories ever recorded!

3: Rejoice! Rejoice my brothers our savior has come Beowulf is here to save our kings bum He will slay the beast who ruined our feast our savior has been hailed as a hero who has sailed to solve our woes to kill our foe He will kill the demon that has been feastin' on the bone of our friends in this glorious mead den Then he will go to the one that made Grendel spawn and stop this mother and he wont be a father unlike our king Beowulf will not bring a danger he cannot possibly fight like a golden dragon....right? | The super-Saxon Beowulf was the ultimate Anglo-Saxon hero, he exemplified all of the desirable traits of a true man. he was generous, respected leadership, loved the ladies, a comrade in arms, belief in justice, and very boastful of his many accomplishments. He becomes the king of Hrothgar after the king dies and leads them to many victories. he is still a very human character though, as he succumbed to the beauty of Grendel's mother

4: The Canterbury Tales By Geoffrey Chaucer | The Knight The Knight was a member of upper class society. he was a true knight, chivalrous, kind, generous, and humble. a true testament to the chivalric code. He set out on the pilgrimage with the squire (his son) after coming back from a campaign. | This monk was far from Christ like and lived to serve only himself a perfect example of sarcasm is when Chaucer refers to him as "a noble pillar of his order"

5: Who's this? Who's that? The whole collection of tales follows a group of interesting characters on a pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral. The Prologue describes the from Chaucer's point of view and he ofter\n uses sarcasm and satire to describe the characters the occupied every level of the society. each pilgrim was told to give a story and the best story would be treated to a free meal. | Verse Versus Prose Most of the tales in the collection or written in either verse or prose literary forms | The Social Pyramid

6: Sir Gawain and The Green Knight | The imagery of a chapel that was based the natural world was used to convey an evil and ominous setting. nature was thought of as dirty. | Iron-e Man Sir Gawain is supposed to be the bravest of all of the knights in king Arthur's court. one day he is challenged by a mysterious green knight and he accepts. he loses and the punishment means certain death. Gawain later gets an offer to wear a girdle that will render hi immune to harm and he takes it. this dishonorable act of cowardice makes Gawain seem more flawed s a character and therefore more relatable. after all he is only human.

7: "I took Gotham's white knight and pulled him down to our level." The Green Knight wanted to prove that even devout knights of king Arthur's court were really just like the rest of us. Gawain proved his cowardice and fear by taking the green girdle to protect himself. | Oh you tease! The green Knight takes three attempts at cutting Gawain's neck. this build suspense and on of the blows causes some blood to fall on his white skin symbolizing the impurity. | Its all PART OF THE PLAN (SPOILER ALERT) The green knight is revealed to be the lord that housed Gawain. this was all a ploy to prove Gawain was like us an susceptible to fear. | The Green Knight was like the Joker bringing Gawain down to our level | Sir Gawain is like Harvey Dent a perfect image of justice until he is proved human

8: "Whoso List to Hunt" By Sir Thomas Wyatt | Summary In this poem Wyatt compares his quest to court his beloved Ann Boleyn to the hunt of an elusive deer. the parallels are obvious and abundant. the deer is the property of a powerful man (King Henry VIII) he tells others that even though he knows his efforts are futile he cannot stop himself from trying. | "And graven with diamonds in letters plain There is written, her fair neck round about: Noli me tangere, for Caesar's I am, And wild for to hold, though I seem tame." Proof that she belongs to a powerful man | How he saw himself | How he was | "But as for me, hélas, I may no more. The vain travail hath wearied me so sore, I am of them that farthest cometh behind." he knows it is futile

9: Form The style is a mix of English and petrarchan sonnets. it has the rhyme scheme is ABBA ABBA CDDC EE | How she was | How the man was | How he saw his love | How he saw his competiton

10: The Passionate Shepherd to His Love By: Christopher Marlowe | I Love You Babe!! The poem is written like a love letter to the Shepherds crush. the shepherd promises to buy her many fine and extravagant things. he believes his offer is perfect and there is no rational person who could deny him his love if he provided these things | Shopping list 1- gown of the finest wool 1- bed of roses 1000-fragrant posies 2-slippers with buckets of the purest gold 1-belt of straw and ivy buds 1-life of love and luxury | Example of pastoral literature based upon the rustic charm of the country side

11: The Nymphs reply to the Shepherd By: Walter Raleigh | I love you too! Only if you can make it last forever though..... The poem is written by Walter Raleigh as a response to the shepherds letter. the poems a long winded rejection letter. the nymph tells the shepherd that none of what he promised will last and that everything would wither and die including their love and youth. but she gives him hope in the last stanza "But could youth last and love still breed, Had joys no date nor age no need, Then these delights my mind might move To live with thee and be thy love." She suggests that there could be a chance if he did the impossible

12: SONNET 29 By: William Shakespere | “for thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings that then I scorn to change my state with kings” (line 13-14)

13: Summary: The poem is about the speaker reflecting upon his life. It starts with a somber tone at first stating that when the speaker (Shakespeare) no longer has fame or fortune he will be the only one mourning his position as a social outcast. He tries to reach out to god but his calls go unheeded and he hates the situation he is in. he then wishes he were like a man with more hope, better looks, more friends, more skill, and more freedom. The poems then takes a more happy and contented tone. When he thinks of his love then his state is compared to a lark. From the dark position he was in he sings in joy to the heavens because the love he has brings him immense joy. It is at that point where he would not trade his position in life with kings because he has his true love. | Themes: Power of true love: the power of his love is enough for him to forget his shortcomings. The love he has is enough for him and does not make him want to trade stations with any other human on the planet regardless of wealth. Insecurity: the first part of the poem outlines the speakers short comings and how he wished he was a better man in every way. He is insecure about who he is and wishes he were some other unspecified man. Meaning that he thinks there are many others who are better than him.

14: The Tempest | Revenge is a dish best served wet The play takes place on an island where the former duke of Milan Prospero has devised an intricate plan of revenge. He was betrayed by his brother who usurped the dukedom from him. he along with his magical cohorts Caliban and Ariel create a tempest and bring the traitors to the island. prospero wrested control of the island from the evil witch sycorax. at the end Prospero forgives everybody and he weds away his daughter. | Three steps ahead.... In the story there is a chess game that is played both in the real world and on the board. th two kings are opposing each other and on their own they can do very little but through their many pawns they will try to gain the upper hand. Alonso started the game strong but Prosperos patience and calculations have him winning the end game.

15: UNLIMITED POWER Prospero's source of power comes from his books. they are unholy scriptures that grant him super human ability. they are also revealed to be his only source of power and without them he has nothing. an eggs in one basket type of scenario. | Why caliban is a monsterous slave there was once a non-man named caliban i killed his mother she was bad like no other i tried to raise him right I taught him to speak,he put up a fight we made progress he had a good shape until my daughter; he tried to rape so he is now my slave for cannot behave until death gets his tax and he will join sycorax

16: On His Blindness By John Milton | Ill never go blind again! I promise Guilt: The speaker fears that even though he is very intelligent he failed to use his “light while he still had it he does not want god to be angry with him for failing to use it to its full potential and he is regretful that now he can serve god in a more limited capacity. | "God doth not need Either man's work or his own gifts; His state Is Kingly. Thousands at his bidding speed And post o'er Land and Ocean without rest:(lines 9-13) | Lets get biblical: Religion: The poem uses expression to evoke religious emotions while also being logical and rational. Milton wishes to serve god and he will continue to have faith in the lord. | Ladies please, one at a time!

17: OH GOD! IM BLIND: Milton wonders aloud whether or not god can have some use for him. He wonders if he can still actively serve god even with his blindness. But before he can speak up, a figure called Patience answers his question. Patience assures him that god has thousands of other devotees. Patience said that god is great and Milton can do very little to aid god in the grand scheme of things. God does not need mans labor or the gifts that he has given to humanity. All Milton has to do is stand and be patient. | “Though my Soul more bent To serve there with my Maker, and present My true account, lest he returning chide;"Doth God exact day-labor, light denied?"(lines 4-7)

18: Death Not Be Proud By: John Donne | Hey death! GO F&%K YOURSELF!! YOU &%%$%^ $#%^#$@#$!!!!!!! From the start of the poem the speaker goes on about how death is not as omnipotent and powerful as it thinks it is, he accuses death of being powerless and think death should not be proud of itself. The speaker begins to give contradictory evidence as to why death is powerless. He states that death cannot kill people when people die they do not end they live on and death should not take any pride in vanquishing humans. He compares death to rest and sleep which is two starkly contrasting images. The former is seen as terrible while the latter is something that brings pleasure and relaxation. | "Thou’art slave to fate, chance, kings, and desperate men" (line 9)

19: Oh yeah death? you ain't even your own boss your just a little b#$%h! The speaker essentially says that only the good die young because the best people know that death brings pleasure and not suffering. The speaker then proceeds to call death a slave to fate, chance, kings, and desperate men. He also says that death is useless since he can artificially produce the same effect. Death is compared to a short sleep and good Christians will wake up in eternity upon arrival it seems as if death has died. | One short sleep past, we wake eternally,And death shall be no more; Death thou shalt die (lines 13-14) | Theme Ba11s (courage): As the poem goes on the speaker becomes bolder and more insulting against a foe that every living thing succumbs to, an unstoppable, unrelenting force. But the speaker still finds the courage to stand up against it.

20: The Rape Of The Lock By Alexander Pope | The Mock Epic; Heroic Couplet Its written in a heroic style and attributes traits of epic literature to trivial matters. I.E. there is a travel to the underworld by Umbriel to retrieve womens emotions, there is a "battle" in the form of a card game | The main character Belinda starts by waking up. She is warned in a dream by a guardian (Ariel) that she will face disaster but he swears to protect her. Belinda write off the warning and takes thinks little of it. After getting ready she travels on the Thames River to Hampton Court Palace, where a party is in the midst. Among the guests is the Baron, who wants a lock of Belinda’s hair. He performs an extravagant ritual which he hopes will increase his chances of success. | VANITY THY NAME IS BELINDA! (THEME): vanity is stressed in this poem as something as small as a lock of hair is enough for Belinda to feel like she had been abused and her vanity made her start the infighting so she could get her hair back even though it serves no purpose but to fulfill her vanity.

21: When everybody arrives, they start to play a card game in mock heroic terms in the form of a battle. Afterwards the baron then uses a momentary brake to strike and upon the third attempt he succeeds in taking some of her hair. Then a gnome named Umbriel goes to the cave of spleen to obtain a flask of tears and a sack of sighs to give to Belinda. Clarissa another guest at the party urges Belinda to settle down and have a good humor and moral qualities which will outlast her vanity. Clarissa's pleas go unheeded and Belinda starts turmoil within the group where she tries to retrieve her lost lock. The lock is lost but the speaker tries to get closure by saying that her lock will be immortalized as a constellation. | “But since, alas! frail Beauty must decay, Curl'd or uncurl'd, since Locks will turn to grey; Since painted, or not painted, all shall fade, And she who scorns a Man, must die a Maid, What then remains but well our Pow'r to use, And keep good Humour still whate'er we lose?” “Not louder Shrieks to pitying Heav'n are cast, When Husbands, or when Lapdogs breathe their last, Or when rich China Vessels, fal'n from high, In glitt'ring Dust and painted Fragments lie!”

22: To a Mouse By: Robert Burns It was written in a Scottish vernacular as burns wanted to write something that his countrymen could read and understand | HOME WRECKER! A farmer destroys the nest of a mouse. Afterwards he apologizes and tries to assure the mouse that he is not a threat. He also tells the mouse that he doesn’t mind when it steals an ear of corn from him. He contrasts the mouse’s search for food to his own harvest. He cannot blame a mouse for trying to get food since his own livelihood is based upon harvesting food. He then states that like the mouse he only deals with things in the present he says that the mouse is not alone for failing to plan in advance, men are similar and live in the here and now. | One of the most famous Scottish poets of all time

23: The mouse is a symbol for lower class citizens and the farmer is a symbol of the more powerful upper class and how they should treat all levels of the socio-economic ladder with respect. | R-E-S-P-E-C-T don't know what it means to me! Respect all beings regardless of class: The mouse is a symbol of animals of the lowest order as well as the common peasants of the time. It is treated with civility and humanity since the farmer uprooted it from its home | Still you are blest, compared with me! The present only touches you: But oh! I backward cast my eye, On prospects dreary! And forward, though I cannot see, I guess and fear! I doubt not, sometimes, but you may steal; What then? Poor beast, you must live! An odd ear in twenty-four sheaves Is a small request; I will get a blessing with what is left, And never miss it.

24: Ode to the West Wind By: Percy Shelley | The speaker of the poem asks the west wind to lend him its immense power and force to help him spread his new ideas. In order to enlist the aid of the West Wind, he gives examples of its power and show what amazing things it has done: driving away the autumn leaves, placing seeds in the earth, bringing thunderstorms and the cyclical "death" of the natural world, and stirring up the seas and oceans. | "If I were a dead leaf thou mightest bear; If I were a swift cloud to fly with thee; A wave to pant beneath thy power, and share The impulse of thy strength, only less free" Than thou, O Uncontrollable! (43-47) | "Oh! lift me as a wave, a leaf, a cloud! I fall upon the thorns of life! I bleed!" (53-54)

25: The West Wind symbolizes natures immense power, no matter how much we like to think we are superior nature can just as easily destroy us. | BLOW ME! In this poem the speaker yearns for the wind to do to him what it does to the leaves and oceans of the natural world and envies that such an immense power cannot be harnessed by him. The fact that he can’t; makes him revel in sorrow, he asks the west wind to play him like an instrument bringing out his own music. Perhaps the wind can help him spread his ideas across the globe to help inspire other nations and people, even if alone the ideas are powerless. The somber music he wishes the wind will play will act as a prophecy. The West Wind of autumn brings with it the desolation and barren nothingness of winter, however spring follows winter so perhaps this symbolizes a cyclical rebirth.

26: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by: Samuel Taylor Coleridge | In the poem, an albatross appears as a symbol of divine grace, good fortune, and generally smooth sailing. as humans do the mariner shot it out of the sky with a crossbow. the albatross then serves as a constant reminder of his great sin by hanging around his neck. his entire crew is decimated as punishment and he has to deal with some of the severest psychological trauma. after repenting his sins the albatross is released from his neck symbolizing his freedom from the dark curse | The mariner addresses a man at a wedding and regales him of with the tale of how he was sailing one day and all of the signs were good until he spotted a very good omen, an albatross

27: This piece was apart of a larger collection of poems "lyrical Ballads" which is attributed as the start of the romantic movement. Coleridge and Wordsworth collaborated on this book together. | As part of the Mariners punishment he is turned mute and is unable to speak. he can no longer pray to god for the souls of his crewmen let alone his own. | AWWWW LETS SHOOT IT!!!!

28: Apostrophe to the ocean by Lord Byron | The Ocean FTW!!! Byron has a certain affinity for the ocean, it is a place of solitude where he can truly discover who he is. he also values that man will only be able to take over the earth and leave it in ruin but our reach goes as far as the ocean shore. he also states that we are subject to the immense power of the ocean. the ocean is subject to god and nobody else. | As a boy Lord Byron Loved the Ocean

29: The Ocean seems to be a symbol of purity at its rawest form, the ocean is forever, it is timeless, it is all powerful, and beyond that it is free from human control and corruption. | If this were Star Wars the ocean would be the force, certain beings can use it but overall it cannot be conquered, overcome, or destroyed. it does not have allegiances and is what binds us all together. | Like the force, the ocean is very conductive.

30: The World Is Too Much With Us By: William Wordsworth (worlds first Hippy) | The speaker states that the world is too powerful and overwhelming for us to truly appreciate the majesty of nature. We are all so caught up in time and money; and that we direct all of our efforts towards obtaining material goods. People want to own as many items as they can and since nature offers nothing that we can truly own we have lost our interest in it. We have in a sense sold our souls to obtain material wealth. Things like the wind, moon, ocean and other natural aspects should be appreciated by everybody but our obsessions with the world of material goods makes us see these things as mundane and we can no longer truly appreciate the astounding things nature has to offer. The speaker says that he would rather be a pagan that truly appreciates the natural beauty of the world then a consumerist Christian. That way he would feel less depressed when gazing upon the natural world.

31: Whoa man like nature dude: man no longer has the same relationship with nature and we seek to control and subdue it rather than stare at its beauty. People are no longer amazed by the natural world and the speaker feels that this is an injustice in such a consumerist society that only cares about material wealth. | Oh my what is this steam power? well we truly are at the apex of technology: : the poem was written at a point in history where cities got rapidly bigger and more shops and businesses opened up. The modernization and luxuries we get due to that come at a heavy price and the speaker implies that it is because of these many luxuries and our obsession with accumulating more wealth that we no longer appreciate the beauty of nature. | No Big Deal

32: Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night By: Dylan Thomas | This Poem was written by Dylan Thomas When his father was gravely ill, he decided to put all of his feelings into a poem like a man | The poem is about not accepting your fate no matter the odds against you. its about holding on to the las few minutes of breathe and fighting death for each one. the poet did not want his father to die and wrote it to inspire others to hang on. Do not be a slave to fate, and do not allow yourself to be confined by fate. you must fight. you must fight at all times to make your own way in the world. Death symbolizes fate as it seems to be out of our control but Thomas suggests that if we fight hard enough we can best death, we can conquer our fate. When life hands you lemons, throw them back at life's god damn face and take its wallet.

33: "Rage, Rage, against the dying of the light Men should die fighting for life against death Old age should burn and rave at close of day" Thomas uses the intense emotions of rage and anger to incite others to fight against death. he use of repetition may mirror his pleas to his father to hang on for life. | The story is reminiscent of Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith. Anakin gets a vision of Padmes inevitable death at child birth and he refuses to allow it to happen. he looks towards the dark side for answers and swear allegiance to Darth Sidious. This is all to avoid and fight back against his fate (She does end up dying from lacking the will to live but one would think that in a technologically superior universe that excuse just wouldn't cut it.)

34: I'M THE BEST AROUND! NOTHINGS EVER GONNA KEEP ME DOWN! The speaker contemplates over all of his ambitions of success, fame and love. He is not content with anything but the utmost fame. He wants his name to be known worldwide. He also wants to find the truest love, he wants pure and life altering love. The poem then takes a more somber tone when the speaker realizes that he will die long before he can reach these incredible goals. All his descriptions of what he wants has a bit of desperation showing how the speaker knows he will be long dead before he reaches what he desires. The poem contrasts the speaker optimistic and ambitious goals with despair and sorrow over his own mortality. | When I Have Fears That I May Cease To Be By: John Keats

35: Gimme Gimme More Gimme more GImme Gimme MORE! The speaker is certain that although most people want what he wants, he can actually achieve great fame and love. Only if he lives long enough to see his Ambitions come to fruition. | "Before my pen has glean'd my teeming brain Before high-piled books, in charactery, Hold like rich garners the full ripen'd grain; When I behold, upon the night's starr'd face,Huge cloudy symbols of a high romance", (2-5)

36: The Darkling Thrush By: Thomas Hardy | The setting is revealed to be towards the end of the year in a barren, icy, and gloomy wasteland. The speaker looks around at his surroundings and cant help but think about how everything around him will die. Things get darker and there is no sign of life until he hears the piercing song of a bird cut through the grey weather. The bird looks sickly and old but it still finds a reason to sing its song. It wants to share its inner beauty with the rest of the world through its song. | "And winter’s dregs made desolate the weakening eye of day." (3-4)

37: The speaker questions why the bird seems so optimistic in such a desolate situation. The bird is wasting its last breaths on a song that will be heard by nobody. It is never explained why the bird is so joyful but the speaker takes solace in the knowledge that the bird found something to be joyful about. Even if he doesn’t understand what it is he is content that something exists that brought joy to the bird. Even though he holds a pessimistic view of the wasteland around him he appreciates that the bird found some form of happiness. | "So little cause for carolings of such ecstatic sound was written on terrestrial things" (25-27)

38: Pygmalion by Bernard Shaw | The title derives its origins from a Greek myth where a sculptor wants to create the perfect woman. he succeeds in doing so out of marble and falls in love with his own creation.He longed for his creation to come alive so he prayed and the goddess Venus granted him his request. Galatea now stood where his statue did. a living breathing person who the artisan married. | Pygmalion Fawning over his love

39: The Novel written by Bernard Shaw follows the tale of Eliza Doolittle and Mr. Higgins. Eliza is a street peasant who has the most atrocious cockney accent, Mr. Higgins is a chauvinistic, manipulative teacher of proper English. He makes a bet with another character name Colonel Pickering that he can teach Eliza how to act like a proper lady. Much like Pygmalion, Higgins molds her into the perfect woman and falls madly in love with her. he realizes he needs her in his life but his manipulative and deceitful tactics proved to be his downfall as Eliza did not want to be with him. | Eliza becomes a lady

40: Because I Could Not Stop For Death By: Emily Dickinson | The poem starts as the speaker talks about her journey with death to the afterlife. Death is personified as a fellow passenger on her travels. The speaker then states that she is much too busy for death, so death courteously takes the time to wait. Death also waits so that she is taken alone. The “civility of death” is so much for her that she stops and relaxes, enjoying the long ride. Death was in no hurry and neither was she now. The speaker is then reminded of the world she leaves behind. Her place in the world has changed and the sun now passes her rather than the other way around.

41: Make A Date With Death! -Kind -Courteous -Patient -A good listener | Things that are actually other things but poets us them to seem smart: _The Carriage is a symbol for the journey of death, taking people to their end -The Sunset foreshadows the coming darkness of death

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