S: 1952 We Didn't Start The Fire
BC: I Hope You Enjoyed
FC: 1952 "We Didn't Start The Fire" | Tais Colavolpe
1: 1952 | The following scrapbook was a tribute to the year 1952, after having studied the song "We Didn't Start the Fire" by Billy Joel, in Social Studies class. You will now learn, or even remember, some of the events that made of 1952 a remarkable year filled with memorable happenings.
2: Eisenhower | " I Like Ike"
3: Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected as the 34th president of the United States in 1953, although his campaign started on 1952, with really persuasive promises and ideas that led to his victory. During his campaign, Eisenhower did promises such as; going to Korea to end the war, and to give continuation to a powerful NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) accountability in relation to communism. He also used the practical and direct bandwagon slogan, “I like Ike” (Ike being his popularly known nickname) which expressed the peoples trust toward Eisenhower. One of the main points that also helped Eisenhower's victory was his family, especially his wife, unlike Adlai Stevenson, who was divorced. Eisenhower held the ideas of traditional families, and took advantage of his wife's ‘woman power’ to portray average families in society and to compare with the government: “if housewives were capable of balancing the house's budget, then why was the government not able to?” He won the elections by a difference of 442 to 89 votes to his democrat opposer; Adlai Stevenson, making Eisenhower a favorite. | Dwight D. Eisenhower
4: Since the 1900’s there was a race to who could create the most effective, polio vaccine, because polio cases had out broken with high rates in the Americas. The first efficient polio vaccine was invented on March/11/1952, by Jonas Salk. His solution to the poliomyelitis virus lowered drastically the high rates of the plague in the population in a relatively short period of time. From 1952 to 1954 the vaccine was being tested in people (rather than monkeys) and the vaccine was then allowed in 1955 by the government, to be distributed publicly after seeing the positive results from the experiment. Salk’s vaccine required two injections; one before and one after the month ended, in a period of every five years. Later, a scientist named Albert Bruce Sabin created another form of the vaccine; with a different recipe and this time taken orally. Anyhow, the effectiveness of both vaccines has lowered cases from 2,525 cases of paralytic polio in 1960, to 61 cases of paralytic polio in 1965! Rates then decreased all the way to 8 cases every year from 1980 to 1990, and ever since 1994, polio has been completely exterminated from the Americas, with really rare cases in other continents. | Polio Vaccine
5: Jonas Salk
6: England Has A New Queen | Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland | Queen Elizabeth II
7: Queen Elizabeth has been Queen of the United Kingdom ever since the death of her father, King George VI on February 6, 1952, also the year in which she ascended the throne. She was only twenty seven years old when she was coroneted; on June 2, 1953. The United Kingdom follows a constitutional monarchy, in which the country is run by the government; although the queen is the official head of the state (this is mainly a symbolic role, just to preserve the old customs of having a queen). Queen Elizabeth II has now occupied the throne for 58 years. Furthermore, the queen does not choose to whom she will pass the throne. Prince Charles will be the next to rule since he is her eldest son, in case she dies or if she abdicates. Queen Elizabeth would only have the possibility to pass the throne to someone other than Prince Charles, if the British constitutional law had been changed, or if Prince Charles dies before her, then the crown would go to Prince William, since he is Prince Charles's eldest son. Usually, the crown is passed from the current monarch to the eldest son, even if the monarch has an older daughter. However, if the monarch has no son, then he shall pass the crown on to the eldest daughter, which was the Queen's case. | Queen Elizabeth II
8: Rocky Marciano | Rocco Francis Marchegiano, rather known as “Rocky Marciano”, was a phenomenal twenty – five year old Italian-American boxer who would always marvel his fans with every victory. He was mentioned in the song, “We Didn't Start the Fire” because he was nominated in The Ring Magazine to be the “Fighter of the Year” on 1952, and on that same year, he won the “Heavyweight Championship of the World” when he knocked out, in the thirteenth round, Jersey Joe Walcott in the championship in Philadelphia. It was a tough fight for Rocky because he was struggling to get enough points, until he gave a really powerful punch in Walcott's jaw, which caused Walcott to fall unconscious, and brought Marciano the Heavyweight Champion title. Some believed that Rocky would never succeed in his career, because he was far too short, light, and old, compared to the boxing requirements, although he proved these people wrong, when he won forty–nine consecutive fights of which forty–three were by knockouts. Marciano retired without a single loss, and with many titles under his belt. Rocky died in a plane crash on the eve of his 46th birthday, on 1969
9: Marciano - Winner of the Heavyweight Championship against Walcott
10: Santayana Good-bye | "Those who don't remember their past are condemned to repeat it" ~Santayana~
11: George Santayana | George Santayana was mentioned in Billy Joel’s lyrics, because 1952 was the year that he died. Santayana was a very famous philosopher and poet in the United States, although he was actually from Madrid, Spain. He immigrated at the age of nine to Massachusetts where he would spend the next forty years of his life. In 1886 Santayana graduated from Harvard University, although in 1889 to 1912 he would return to the University to teach in the philosophy area. After he left the United States, he never came back, and he then lived short amounts of time in England, then France, and he then established himself for a longer while in Italy. He left Italy following the start of World War II, and then Santayana spent his last days in an English convent of nuns, where he died in 1952. To his time, Santayana had pretty “futuristic” ideas in relation to naturalism, multiculturalism, skepticism, and what he called ‘animal faith’ (whose ideas and way of thoughts trace back to his Hispanic origins and culture). One of the things that he enjoyed much of, and even wrote a book about was philosophy of history, which is portrayed in his book; The Life of Reason.
12: Liberace | Wladziu Valentino Liberace, better known as Liberace, was a showman and a gifted pianist. In 1952 the show which he hosted in Los Angeles, called “The Liberace Show” premiered, launching Liberace into great fame, for his bizarre habits and symbolic icons, such as playing his piano with a candelabrum on top, or wearing his unusual and extravagant tuxedos. The outcome of Liberace's show was so favorable, that it even started to circulate nationally in 1953 (one year after the premier - 1952). He was also mentioned in “We Didn't Start the Fire” for his first appearance at the “Hollywood Bowl”, and when he announced his engagement with Joanne Rio, on 1952. Also, one thing that really used to catch the attention of his spectators was his “sweet smile”, his “wavy hair”, the way he would interact with his audience, and of course his ability to play the piano impeccably. Liberace's pianist career started at a very young age, with the musical influence of his family, when he was only seven years old he ended up earning a scholarship to Wisconsin College of Music for his talent. Liberace died of Aids on 1987.
13: Extravagant clothes Candelabrum (on top of piano) Phenomenal Pianist
14: POP QUIZ!!! | 1. What was one of the promises Eisenhower made that led to his victory? a) Go to Korea to end the War b) Encourage Families to represent the government c) Take advantage of woman power 2. Describe the difference between the two polio vaccines. 3. The United Kingdom follows a ________ _________, in which the country is run by the government; although the queen is the official head of state. | In order of topics:
15: 4. Who did Rocky Marciano Knock out in the Heavyweight Championship of the World? J______ J___ W______. 5. What was one thing that Santayana really enjoyed? a) History of philosophy b)Theory of evolution c)Philosophy of history 6. Liberace never played with a candelabrum on top of his piano. True False
16: Bibliography | Information: 1. Richardson, Elmo. "Eisenhower, Dwight David." World Book. E - 6 ed. 2004. Print. 2. Ritchie, Donald A. "The Eisenhower Years." America History. The Modern Era since 1865 ed. 2001. Print 3. Mandy Barrow. "Queen Elizabeth II" The British Queen. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2010.
17: 5. "Rocky Marciano The Brockton Blockbuster." Rocky Marciano // Official Web Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2010.
18: Bibliography | Pictures: Eisenhower: www.notquitecountrygirl.com/Dad.html http://www.cracked.com/funny-3296-7-most-badass-generals-ever Vaccine: http://tgusta.es/2009/03/26/tal-dia-como-hoy-15/ http://www.umw.edu/hisa/recources/student%20projects/McCreedy/students.umw.edu/ imccr9sd/poliovaccine/development.html Liberace: http://reportonvegas.com/?p=1010 http://www.lashorasperdidas.com/index.php/2008/09/11/steven-soderbergh-dirigia-el-biopic-de-liberace/
19: Queen Elizabeth II: http://www.thecommonwealthconversation.org/2009/08/with-a-secretary-general-does-the-common-wealth-need-a-head/ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/new/article-1052881/who-killed britain-a-new-book-reveals-land-queen-Elizabeth-ruled-longer-exists.html Marciano: http://www.aceonsports.com/labels/cycling.html http://media.photobucket.com/image/rocky%20marciano/Aquilifer/walcottko.jpg Santayana: http://c3.ac-images.myspacecdn.com/images02/55/I 695ac7112a3f4415b756bc6411c0b7aa.jpg http://2.bp.blogspot.com/wUI6qykh1wk/snu4fuule8I/AAAAAAAABBQ/sfiqc7rggks/ s400/george+santayana.jpg