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2012 First Period

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2012 First Period - Page Text Content

S: Scottsburg High School First Period 2012

FC: Movers, Shakers & News Makers | Journalists and inventions that changed the world

1: Table of Contents | Newspaper Destiny Kiefer p. 2-3 Hannah Pearson p. 4-5 Ethan Ellinger p. 6-7 Brittany Stidham p. 8-9 Magazines Alec Walker p. 12-13 Abigail Lakins p. 14-15 Amber Breeding p. 16-17 Radio Kayla Goble p. 20-21 Abby Yount p. 22-23 Sarah Griffen p. 24-25 Ketting Peck p. 26-27 Television Kasen Mount p. 30-31 Kylie Bush p. 32-33 Trevor Gay p. 34-35 Rebekah Ebertshauser p. 36-39 Internet Cyris Santora p. 40-41 Shannon Campbell p. 42-43 Jayla Hahn p. 44-45 Jessica Whitridge p. 46-47

2: John Peter Zenger was a German immigrant who printed a publication called The New York Weekly Journal. This paper harshly pointed out the actions of William S. Cosby the governor. It accused the government of rigging elections and allowing the French enemy to explore New York Harbor, it also accused William Cosby of an assortment of crimes, even though John didn't write the paper he was put in jail for publishing it. The authors were anonymous , John would not give up the their names. | The John Peter Zenger Trial | This is a picture of the actual article That John Peter Zenger published

3: In 1733 John was accused of libel, witch is when you publish information that was apposed to the government, doesn't matter if the information was true or false. John never denied printing the article, the judge felt that the verdict was never in question, John's lawyer was Andrew Hamilton. The judge ordered the jury to convict john if they believed he printed the article, but the jury returned in less than ten minutes with the verdict of not guilty. Due to this the newspaper publishers felt free to print their honest views. | This is a picture of John Peter Zenger | By Destiny Kiefer

4: How Yellow Journalism Changed Newspaper by: Hannah Pearson | This is a picture of the "Yellow Kid" from the newspapers. | | Yellow journalism first started during the Spanish-American War, thats why the war is often referred to as “the first media war”. William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer were the owners of the newspapers that started it all. They used melodrama, romance, and hyperbole to sell millions of their newspapers. The style they sold newspapers in became known as Yellow Journalism. It helped fuel the publics passion for the war. The term “Yellow Journalism” came from a famous New York World comic called “Hogan's Alley” that featured a yellow dressed character known as “The Yellow Kid”. William Randolph Hearst saw the newspaper New York World and wanted to compete with it so he made The New York Journal and copied him. He even hired the Hogan's Alley artist to create a second “Yellow Kid”.

5: | This is a picture of the two newspaper owners William Randolph Hearst and John Pulitzer. In the picture they are building blocks that say war. It symbolizes their competition between each other. | The competitors relied on sensationalist stories to sell their newspapers. Sensationalism is the use of exciting or shocking stories to get public interest or excitement. Today historians say that the Spanish-American war was the first press-driven war. Yellow | Journalism helped people realize the importance of newspaper and how the public could connect with the publishers and know important information about the world around them. Yellow Journalism started in the United States in New York City.

6: A penny was recognized as an incredibly cheap cost for news. However, this was why a penny paper's main source of income came from advertising, which was well paid for. | The first penny press was made in New York City, on January 1st, 1833. It was named The Morning Post. A penny press is a magazine that cost only a cent for one issue. The idea was adopted from England's "penny magazine", which was created to educate England's poor. The penny presses were "tabloid-style" newspapers, consisting of crime stories and gossip, with less world or business news. This style of of paper was favored more by middle to lower class U.S. citizens. The rich or upper class enjoyed news involving politics, business and shipping. The common person had no interest in these subjects. It wasn't going to help them any in life. That type of news was beneficial to only the wealthy. The wealthy were left to pricey subscriptions and six to seven cent papers for their news. | The Penny Press by Ethan Ellinger

7: Due to the incredibly low price of the paper, most of a paper's income came from advertisement. Most papers around this time frame were six or seven cents, which was much more then than it is now. If you didn't buy one of those papers there were always the extremely expensive subscriptions, favored by wealthier citizens, such as businessman or politicians. One of the most popular penny presses was The Sun, created by Benjamin Day. Day founded The Sun in the depression of 1833. He believed that news and communication would be extremely important, considering the hard times. At the top of every issue of The Sun the motto: "the object of this paper is to lay before the public, at a price within the means for everyone, all the news of the day, and at the same time offer an advantageous medium for advertisements" was printed for all to see. | A copy of Benjamin Day's, The Sun. | I think the penny press revolutionized journalism and what goes into a newspaper. Gossip had never before been printed in a paper, penny presses changed that. Penny presses led to a much more common purchasing of a newspaper by lower class citizens. | The Sun

8: Inventions That Changed Communication By: Brittany Stidham. | The First Typewriter One of the most important inventions that changed the world of communication is the typewriter. The typewriter was invented around the 1870's by Samuel Morse. The typewriter was one of many inventions that was made by many people, but eventually was combined into one big idea. So, before the typewriter, people had been trying to make a machine that could be used by one person and print out anything that was wrote. Since the 17th century people had been trying to invent a contraption like the typewriter. | Throughout the years communicating kept getting easier and easier, but when the typewriter came along it made writing easier, neater, faster, and more efficient. The Typewriter helped give women some more rights in civilization, like giving them more work forces in business. The typewriter has been going downhill ever since the 1980s, it has became less of a business machine and desktop staple, and has became more of a historic curiosity. | The first typewriter was invented in 1870s. The typewriters made communicating and getting news around easier, neater, and faster.

9: What is the one thing that everyone uses in todays society? Where did this thing come from? Do you know what this invention is? Yes, The invention is the telephone. The telephone was invented by Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham Bell in the 1870s, Both of them made a device that transmitted their voice electronically. They ended up battling overs who's invention would be the one with all the fame, and who's name got to be on the invention, which Bell won. | The telegraph and the telephone are both wire-based electrical inventions. Alexander Bell had success with the telephone, the success from the telephone helped Bell improve the telegraph. One of Bells greatest successions was when the telephone came alive, but it was also when he put the multiple telegraph to its death. | The typewriter was first invent | The telephone has had many different designs, the very first one is the one on the left. Made by Alexander Bell, the one on the rights was made by Elisha Gray. Both of these telephones were made in the 1870s. | The History of the Telephone | |

10: Newspaper Work Cited | Destiny Kiefer -“The Trail of John Peter Zenger.” US Independence Hall Association, 2008-2012. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. Hannah Person - n.p. The Spanish-American War “Yellow Journalism”. PBS. 1999. web. 5 September 2012. - Jennifer Vance. The “Yellow Fever” of Journalism. n.d. Web. 5 September 2012. - n.p. Yellow Journalism. Oracle ThinkQuest Education Foundation. August 2001. Web. 5 September 2012.

11: Ethan Ellinger -Jennifer Vance. Web. “The Penny Press”.n.d.9-4-12. -“Penny Press”. Wikipedia. Web. 9-4-12. -“The Penny Press in America”. Paper 1. Web and paper. 9-6-12. Brittany Stidham - “10 Communication Inventions That Changed the World Forever.” N.D. Web. 4 Nov, 2012. Copyright Socyberty. - Grabianowski, Ed “10 Inventions That Changed the World: Printing Press.” Howstuffworks. Discovery Company. 1998-2012. Web. 4 Nov. 2012 - “Inventions: Communication Photo Gallery and Related media. A&E Television Networks, LLC. 1996-2012. Web. 6 Nov. 2012 - “The History of Communication.” Inventors. The New York Times Company. 2012. Web. 4 Nov. 2012

12: The Birth of "Nellie Bly" (First Women Reporter) Elizabeth Cochrane was a women who always wanted to speak her mind and she always wanted to help the less fortunate. She started a revolution of women reporters in America. After writing “Lonely Orphan Girl” Elizabeth Cochrane instantly got the attention of the editor, George Madden, and was immediately was hired as the very first women reporter ever. | Taking on the pen name “Nellie Bly”, Elizabeth started writing a specific journalism style where she injected personal opinion and characterization detail. Her first articles were of the plight and poor conditions for the working class women. This infuriated factory bosses and public officials so much that she was demoted to writing about fashion and society. Later that November she quit and moved to Mexico writing books of her adventure. | Born May 5 ,1864 In Cochran Mills, Pennsylvania Died January, 27 1922 in New York City | Around the World in 72 Days was one of Nellie Bly's most popular books.

13: She returned in June 1886. She then moved to New York and became firmly established in the journalism world working for the “New York World”. Her first job she volunteered to spend ten days to writing about the women's Lunatic Asylum at Blackwell's Island. While inside, her reports on the substandard conditions and abusive practices at the asylum were syndicated throughout the country. She gained much public awareness helping to push for mental health care reforms. This launched publication into a new age of journalism filled with narrative and dialog. | Cochrane would often write about women's rights but she would never forget about the suffrage movement. As more women became reporters, her articles started became less important and she started to loose money. She became poor and died of pneumonia on January 27, 1922. After her death she was written about as the best writer in America. | BY: ALEC WALKER | The Blackwell's island Asylum was the first lunatic asylum for the city of New York and the first municipal mental hospital in the country. | Elizabeth Cochrane died January 27, 1922 of pneumonia at the age of 57 in St. Mark's Hospital. http://lsrocket/access/web?id=1152239776408764746

14: The American Lung Association was founded in the early 1900s to fight Tuberculosis as The National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. Founded by Edward Livingston Trudeau, Dr. Robert Hall Babcock, Dr. Henry Martyn Hall, and Dr. Lawrence Flick. The National Child Labor Committee was created in the early 1900s by the Alabama Child Labor Committee founded by Reverend Edgar Gardner Murphy, and the New York Child Labor Committee. It was created to try and stop children from having to work. | The Early Crusades By: Abbey Lakins | Lincoln Steffens | The role of muckrakers in changing society is to investigate and publish true reports out to the public to influence a change in society they think should be changed. They often write articles in magazines and write books based on change they think should happen | Muckrakers and Change

15: Ida Tarbell was a teacher, author, and journalist. She was a leading muckraker. She wrote many magazines series and auto-biographies, and is best known for her book The History of The Standard Oil Company in the early 1900s. She became the first woman to take on standard oil. Lincoln Steffens was a New York reporter who wrote a series of articles in McClure’s magazine that would later be put together in a book named The Shame of The Cities. He is famous for investigating corruption in American Cities. He became editor of of McClure’s, and became part of a muckraking trio. | Famous Muckrakers | Upton Sinclair was a novelist, writer, journalist, and political activist. He is best known for writing The Jungle that exposed the conditions in the U.S meat picking industry which caused a uproar and was a cause to the pure food and drug act and the meat inspection act a few months later. | Upton Sinclair | I

16: Bob Woodward Bob is an American investigative journalist best known for being one of the two journalists who broke the original news reporting of the Watergate scandal. He was born in Geneva, Illinois, and raised in Wheaton. He attended Yale University on a ROTC scholarship, majoring in history and English literature. He entered the military for a four-year tour of duty. After his military service he applied to Harvard Law School and was accepted but he chose to have a career in journalism instead. Woodward applied for a job with Washington Post. He was so eager to work he offered to work on an unpaid trial basis to prove himself but finally got the job and started his investigation on the break-in in September 1971. | Carl Bernstein Bernstein became a journalist and in 1966 began working for the Washington Past. He was a college dropout and was not a big fan of school. He was suspended from school in eight grade and lost his drivers license in high school for a speeding ticket. The ticket was a large fine because he also got caught vandalizing a house. Carl wrote about a mysterious break-in at the Democratic headquarters at the Watergate building in Washington D.C. | Bob Woodward | Carl Bernstein | Uncovering the Watergate scandal | BY: AMBER BREEDING

17: Carl and Bob typing up their lead in Washington Post newsroom | Working Together Carl and Bob were not found of each other.... at all but were called in to work on the story together. Woodward’s notes show he learned from police sources that the men who broke in came from Miami, wore gloves and carried thousands of dollars in cast. Their first report about the break-in broke out on June 17, 1972. Most of the newspapers dismissed the story, but both raised the issue between the burglars and President Nixon’s reelection committee with their first report. Their series of articles uncovered the deep connection between the political misconducts which led to Congressional hearing and the conviction of several Nixon cornies. | Carl and Bob were not found of each other.... at all but were called in to work on the story together. Woodward’s notes show he learned from police sources that the men who broke in came from Miami, wore gloves and carried thousands of dollars in cast. Their first report about the break-in broke out on June 17, 1972. Most of the newspapers dismissed the story, but both raised the issue between the burglars and President Nixon’s reelection committee with their first report. Their series of articles uncovered the deep connection between the political misconducts which led to Congressional hearing and the conviction of several Nixon cornies.

18: The Early Magazine | Daniel Defoe wrote the first English magazine called The Review in the 1700’s after being imprisoned for criticizing the Church of England. The magazines wrote then looked a lot like the books that we have now. Magazines used to be made from just sheets of paper and a soft like book cover. On the front of the older magazines it had a Title and a table of contents. The magazine used to only haven two different genres fiction and non-fiction. Magazines in older times were only based on bigger events, such as War and other big events in the 1700‘s. The more popular magazines back then were LIfe, an what was happening at war.

19: Now in the year of 2012 we have many different types of magazines such as, Hunting, Fishing, Buying and selling. MAgazines now are made from a silk type of paper that goes through many stages to be created. Magazines that are created now have many different topics in one magazine instead of just one topic. In just the year of 2012 more than 2 million dollars were spent on magazines. The main point of magazines have stayed over time though, the point in magazines is to get to best information of what is happening around you and in your inviroment. | Magazines Now

20: Magazine Work Cited | Alec Walker Websites Matthew Lavelle, Cochrane, Elizabeth (Nellie Bly). Spring of 2007. Web. 9 September 2012 “Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman.” The Gale Literary Database: Contemporary Authors Online. 3 Mar. 2003. 21 Feb. 2007 | Abbey Lakins

21: Amber Breeding - - - | Dillon Webster

22: The Early radio | In 1906, Reginald Fessenden transmitted the very first radio broadcast ever on Christmas Eve | Kayla Goble. | Gugliemo Marcoi sent and received his first radio signal in Italy, in 1895. In 1899, he flashed a wireless signal across the English Channel and received the letter S. This was the First successful transletic radiotelegraph message in1902. Messages were sent and received through antennas. In 1900, voice came on over the radio for the first time. It was only for a few seconds , but it happened, Reginald Fessenden was the first man to make it happen. Many people contributed to the making of the radio, but most of the time people failed. In 1895, Marconi built a wireless system of transmitting signals through long distance. The first radio transletic communication service was between Cliften, Glace Bay, and Newfoundland. | People used Morse code to communicate through the radio.

23: Scripts were written and broadcasted to the public. The radio was used to tell stories until the television came out. The radio was the first medium broadcast for journalism. The term broadcasting comes from agriculture, meaning to spread things over a wide area. The first radio station made was US645576. AM broadcasting was the first method used to make sound on the radio. Am means using Amplitude Moderation to broadcast. After using the AM broadcasting system, people began to try the FM broadcasting. Fm broadcasting is using Frequency Moderation. Fm station have higher frequency. That means that AM has less frequency, that is why AM radio stations have more static in them. Today AM and FM radio stations compete in one being used more than the other, The AM radio us mostly used for sports broadcasting and the FM is mainly used for music. | | This is a script that people wrote to use for broadcasting on the radio. | These are AM frequency waves, They were measured on chart things like this. ^

24: Television Affects The Radio in the 1950's to the 1960's | When the television first came out, the radio was the first to feel the affect out of all the media. With the radio being the first to feel the affect, audiences for radio programs dropped very quickly in the first half of the 1950’s. With this happening, more people owned televisions in their house therefor making radios more common in cars. With people owning televisions in their house, basketball was one of the programs that transferred over to television from the radio. | In the 1960’s it was a decade of change for the radio. With being able to move on from the television taking its toll on the radio, the radio became a growing industry during this time period of the 1960's. A major development took place during this decade of change by a change from AM to FM radio stations.

25: This was a radio from the around the time period of 1950's to the 1960's.

26: How the radio changed everything By:Sarah Griffin | Radio is the method of communicating voice and music without wires, has been developing technology for over 100 years . It began in early days as an experimental medium, and served as a while as a important communication method and has moved into a solid niche (shallow recess) providing entertainment and information for populaces around the world. When the radio arrived at the end of the 19th century, few thought "wireless" communications in which signals could be sent through air over a long distances, would be competitive in a world dominated by the telegraph and telephone. The early inventors studied the work of Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who had formulated the set of equations-"Maxwell's equations that showed the basic laws of electricity and magnetic but as purely theoretical exercise in understanding how nature works.

27: His equations explained how light as one form electric currents radiation and predicted there should be many other forms, invisible to the human eye. | In the 1880s the German Physicist Heinrich Rudolf Hertz validated Maxwell's laws by detecting radio waves- In central or primary respects similar to light but with wave lengths a million times longer, "Maestro Maxwell was right." Hertz said but he concluded that the existance of these other waves was of no use whatsoever.

28: By:Ketting Peck | Radio Today | While the radio had Obvious limitation of being Restricted to sounds of the industry Developed,Large stations began to experiment with different formats. Even though other media and new technologies now place more demands on Consumers time, 95% of people still listen to the radio every Week.Radios now leave a lot of imagination in Their heads as they listen. As you listen to the Radio You would create an image of what the DJ is telling you or of what It looks like. It's hard to listen to the radio and not have an image of what they are talk bout with out envisioning them,.

29: Events,Inventions, Notable moments and excellent programing made the radio what it is today. Radios are now on cell phones,Pc's,IPod,Mp3's,mp4's, Most of which every electronic You own today. Instead of television,The wide variety of radio programing is becoming more enticing to people through out the world,because of it's availability and Simplicity.

30: Kayla Goble: "Megahertz myth."N.p.wikipedia. the free encyclopedia. September 2009. Tue. September 11, 2012. "AM broadcasting." Everclear. Wikipedia.the free encyclopedia. November 2008. Tue. September 11, 2012. "FM broadcasting." N.P. wikipedia. the free encyclopedia. n.d. Wed. September 12,2012. "History of Radio." N.P. wikipedia. the free enclclopedia.N.D. Wed. Septemper 11,2012. | Abby- | Radio Works Cited | "Chapter 6: Television & Radio" Journalism. James Glen Stovall, n.c. n.d. web. 9 September 2012

31: Sarah- | Ketting- |

32: By: Kasen Mount | Early Television: 1907-1939 | Was television popular in the early 1900s? Most people didn't have televisions but if you haven't noticed most or every family in the U.S. has one now a days. The earliest television imagery was in 1907. The first mechanical television station was W3XK but later named WRGB and the station is still around. once the television sets came out they were an instant hit. Televisions were shown public in September of 1928, since then televisions have been in different varieties. | Ever since televisions have been making cathode ray tubes to transmit images and using wire circuits in later times television has been getting better and better. Once they figured out how to get images all they needed designs to make the televisions. John Barid's design was used first. John was also the first person to transmit moving images this was in 1924. The first television remote was invented in 1948.

33: This is the first television. This television was made in 1925. The first working television systems were electromechanical, this means that it was electric and had some electrical wires.. | John built the first working television. The one you see above is the television he had built. John was also the first person to demonstrate the first fully electronic color television tube. | John Logie Baird | First Television | |

34: Nowadays everyone has a television, but way back when it was very uncommon for the middle-class to have televisions in their household. The big boom in the television industry was during the 1940s when the first commercial was aired and the first electronic TV was made. People worked hard during 1941, to make the first commercial possible. It took a lot of hard work but on July 1, 1941 everyone's dream came true. The first commercial for Bulova Watch Co. was aired and from then on the world would never be the same. | As you could imagine, 1946 was already a year to celebrate due to the end of the war, but with big advancements in technology it made it that much better. There were a total of thirteen show debuts that included: Hour Glass, I Love to Eat, and Paging You. No, these TV shows were not in color because in the beginning of this year the first all-electric color television was demonstrated. There were old stations getting kicked off the air and new ones put on, but no matter what happened they all have made a difference in some way. | Television- Biggest Change Yet | 1946, A Year to Never Forger

35: The man you see here is Edward R. Murrow. He was very important in the making of television and even before. He is the man that gets the most credit for making the TV and even though he didn't build it, he had the idea. | The television set that you see here is not one of the first models that were built, but it was still made early in history. This set is actually known as: Pye B16T television receiver made in 1946. This was made after the war because all TV production was stopped during the war because they had more important things to worry about. | | By: Kylie Bush |

36: The First Televised Presidential Debate The first presidential debate ever televised was betwixt Richard Nixon & John Kennedy. It was held on September 26, 1960. It was held in WBBM’s television studio in Chicago. The debate was carried by three television networks. Those who viewed the debate believed Kennedy to be the winner while those who tuned in over the radio believed the victor to be Nixon. Television viewers believed Kennedy to be the winner because they mainly focused on what they saw opposed to what they heard. This event was important to journalism because it marked the point where television journalism began to pay a lot more attention to politics than it had in the past. | The First Transatlantic Broadcast The first transatlantic television broadcast was provided by a series of communication satellites called Telstar 1. Telstar 1 was launched aboard a Thor-Delta rocket on July 10, 1962. It successfully sent the first television pictures, phone calls, & fax images & provided the first live transatlantic television feed while orbiting the Earth. It is still in orbit to this day, though it is no longer functional. | Picture of John Kennedy & Richard Nixon at the September 26 debate | Picture of the Telstar 1 satellite receiving maintenance from an engineer before the launch.

37: By Trevor W. Gay | The Kennedy Assassination Televised The Kennedy assassination was caught on tape by several news stations that were covering President Kennedy's presidential motorcade through Dallas, Texas. The reporters were visibly shaken while addressing the nation with the shocking news that their new president had been assassinated while parading down the street in his car with his wife, the Texas Governor John Connally, & Connally's wife Nellie. The anchors that gave this news to the nation were Chet Huntley, Bill Ryan, & Frank McGee of NBC, & Charles Collingwood & Walter Cronkite of CBS. This event is important to journalism because it was the first national tragedy to ever be televised. | The Apollo 11 Mission Neil Armstrong the first man to walk on the moon in the 1969 Apollo 11 mission. This mission was broadcast live from the surface of the moon into the living rooms of millions of people all over the world. All three British networks (BBC1, BBC2, & ITV) all covered the Apollo 11 mission giving important updates & showing both the landing & the take-off of the Apollo 11 spacecraft. The rock band Pink Floyd were asked to provide an exclusive instrumental song a called Moonhead specifically for the mission during a news segment. | Picture of President Kennedy's motorcade after he was shot. | Picture of the Apollo 11 module after it's landing on the moon's surface.

38: 1970 Television Industry | In the early 1970s the Fcc Continued restrictive polices by enacting regulations, that limited the ability of cable. | In 1972 Charles Dolan And Gerald leuh of sterling mahatton cable launched the nations first pay-tv network, HBO ( Home Box Office) ). This venture led to the creation of a national satellite distribution system that used a newly approved domestic satellite transmission.

39: By:Rebekah | The Vietnam War was the first '" Television war".. The medium was in infancy during the Korean Conflict . | What was the effect of television on the development and the outcome of the war?? The conventional wisdom has generally been that for Better OR worse it was a Anti-war Influence..

40: TV Works Cited | Kasen | Kylie |

41: Trevor British_television_Apollo_11_coverage | Rebekah

42: Did you know that the Internet was invented in 1982? Only because of the soviets launching their satellite into outer space. So thanks to them we all now have our Facebook, youtube, twitter, etc. In this chapter you'll be learning about the history of the Internet. This article telling you about how it all began. Starting off you'll be reading about “Arpanet”. The “advanced research projects agency network” was the progenitor of what we now call the Internet. It was designed by two british scientist Lawrence Roberts and Donald Davies who attended the Lincoln laboratory. This system was the first operational “packet switching” network. Packet switching is a digital type of networking communication method that gathers data, and puts it into “packets”- or compressed data. Here you'll be learning about “Unix”. Unix was released forty-three years ago in 1969 by a group of at&t members , some of which are Dennis Ritchie, Ken Thompson, and Brian kernighan. It is an operating system that allows multi-tasking, and multiple users. This allows multiple computers to connect to each-other and to anyone else on the entire web world. This paragraph will be telling you all about the “E-Mail”. The “e-mail” was created in 1971 by Ray Tomlinson. The email started of with something as simple as sending a message for another to only read, called “SNDMSG”. The email started of with something as simple as sending a message | for another to only read, called “SNDMSG”. There where no functions to this program except for sending and receiving messages, as simple as leaving a note on someones desk. That eventually turned into “ Hotmail”. He simply invented this amazing feature we now have today because “ it was a no brainier, anyone could've done it”. Imagine how it would be today without the e-mail, NO FACEBOOK. Now I'll be talking to you about “CYCLADES”. CYCLADES was only developed to search for alternatives to the Arpanet. It was supposed to help network researching also. This was one of the greatest influencer's of the Internet.Whats funny is that during the testing , when they set up three packet switches together, the network was only operational for three hours of the day. Without this technology, there would be still the same old, slow moving, hated server in the history of the Internet. Here you'll be hearing about the beginning of TCP/IP. TCP and IP were developed in 1974 by the (DOD). It was used to connect multiple of computers, to groups of other computers, to lead to what in modern day is the actual Internet. The IP part is responsible for moving packets from node to node. IP stands for Internet protocol number, which in English means the social security number of your computer. TCP makes sure that data gets to where it needs to be, the TCP is also supposed to help make sure data does not get lost into “cyberspace” - or the outer space of the Internet. So without all of our e-mails, and search request would be gone.

43: or the outer space of the Internet. So without all of our e-mails, and search request would be gone. This paragraph will be about the e-mail client. This system more frequently called MUA or mail user agents, simply allows the user to access his/her e-mail address. Some of the more “popular” web-based clients are Yahoo! Mail,, Hotmail, and Lycos mail. Some of the more popular locally installed clients include Microsoft outlook, Pegasus mail, mozilla's thunderbird, and IBM Here the article discussing the PC modem. The PC modem is what connects a users PC to the Internet. It converts between analog and digital signals. The user could either plug in an Ethernet cord,and simply connect to the wireless format, both of which will lead you to the Internet. A modem typically comes in a square-ish, rectangle shape, that has multiple ports for multiple plug ins. You simply plug your Ethernet cable into the modem and to the back of the computer, and there you have it. You are surfing the Internet. In this paragraph there will be information about “Spam”. Spam is used for all sorts of shenanigans, more so for advertising. It is widely viable because it cost the senders nothing, for free advertising. Spam means to send the same message in succession to a large number of recipients. There is no way to stop Spam, that is why the | successors of the e-mail created the junk mail inbox slot :). the junk mail box send all the repeated messages and listed Spam straight to the junk mail. this all relates to journalism because without the creation of the internet there would still be the old style, paper and pencil style. The internet just makes everything easier for everyone. by: Cyris Santoro

44: The entire world is obsessed with the Internet, Almost everywhere we look it has something to do with the Internet; work, school, etc. When the Internet first came out people said it would lower attention span and make it more difficult to read in the traditional sense. Some people asked researchers from the University College of London to do research to see if it really makes it more difficult to read from a book. The researchers ended up doing research for 5 years. | The Internet had effected many things and people. One way that it effected people is, they lost communication “talking”. Another way Internet has effected people is it gives people information when you need it also made it easier for companies to trade overseas. It effects many things; work, buy something at a store, you cant buy gas, etc. It effects all these things because the Internet does everything for us. | The affects on people and things

45: The Internet is very addicting. People are so obsessed with the Internet they will pay $14-15 a month. The things that affects journalism because they have more news to look up around the world and not only coming from where they live. | The Internet has had a drastic impact on culture and commerce, including the rise of near-instant communication by electronic mail, instant messages, and voice over Internet. When the Internet first came out people were excited, they couldn't wait to research. When they were on the Internet they discovered many things like; email, PC modem, BBS (Bulletin Board System), Spam was born, MUD- The earliest form of multiplayer games, Usenet, ENQUIRE software, The first emotion " :-) " | By; Shannon Campbell

46: From the beginning of Social Media to Social Media now the world has changed tremendously. From Facebook, To Youtube, To twitter, To Yahoo, To Hotmail, To Flixer, To Tumbler, and Google, and watching “Notty” things they have all had a huge impacted on our lives today. One thing Internet Pro’s have quoted is, “ Any Website you go to is being tracked by an ISP.” This quote has also put a bigger effect on our lives now, than It did 20 years ago. Why? Because 20 years ago our nation hadn’t came out with anything that unique. They could travel through the internet and look up anything, but their were way less websites back then also. Now, you can’t type In one letter without being tracked down. Why Is our nation turning like this? If they would have all these Smart Phones, awesome Computers and they didn’t have any way to track it, people would be doing things that they shouldn’t be and nobody would know. Most adults couldn’t function without having Internet somewhere in their lives. | Effects on Internet Today. | A lot of other computer company’s are competing with Apple. Why? Because Apple is coming out with new types of phones, and computers etc. and other company’s aren’t even close to the money they are making. So in that case they are losing money, A LOT. From when Internet first came out till now, the world has earned a lot of money. Why? Because way back when, folks only had desk top computers that were rarely ever used, and they did all book work. Now, its totally opposite. We use our computers 24/7 and use paper less. Another thing that has changed from then to now. “Internet Speed” Andrew Pettie quoted “ The Internet is a lot faster today than it was at first.” Most computers are all high speed, but don’t run as fast as most want them too.

47: Copy/ Pasting is a huge deal this time around. Children get on the computers, just to find the answers to their homework, Or they Copy and Paste words from another person and act like they were the ones that wrote it. They can get in huge trouble for that now. I think the Internet is going to continue to get better and better, and kids are going to continue to get sneaker and sneaker. Another thing that has changed a bunch is Online shopping. Why? Well, a lot of shops are going online and losing business in their stores. Which In that case means that they are going to have a harder time to pay off things. This relates to Journalism because without internet today we wouldn't be aloud to have some of the cameras we have and we wouldn't know information about other things if it weren't for internet. By: Jayla Helton | This is our computer today, big change from computers back then. | This is one of the first computers ever invented by J. Presper Eckert & John Mauchly.

48: Some people think that the Internet will expand and get bigger. They say that the Internet will have a lot more information on it. They also say that the Internet will have a lot more useful information on it instead of all the useless stuff on it. They say the Internet will become a lot | Internet in the future! | faster to they say that they think that people will make something especially to make it faster. They think this will change journalism by giving more blogging sites and easier access to information. | The world is the center of all Internet

49: the Internet will get to powerful and out of control. They think this will change journalism because it will have better blogging but they also said that they think the Internet will fail.People in the entertainment industry say they think that the Internet will be more future like with holograms and voice activated things. | The Internet in the future I think will be more on lap tops then anything. | People in the entertainment industry say they think that the Internet will be more future like with holograms and voice activated things. | A lot of people think that the Internet will be more colorful.

50: Cyris Santoro's Work Cited: Peter, Ian. Net history, the history of e-mail.n.d. 6 Sept. 2012 “Morris Worm.” wikipedia . 2 sept. 2012. 6 Sept. 2012 n/a. Timetoast, history of the internet. 2012. 6 Sept. 2012 SpHyDiR., introduction to TCP/IP. 2 Feb. 1995. 6 Sept. 2012 | Shannon Campbell's Work Cited: I used this on September 5 Nov 15 2009 Chapman, Cameron I used this in September 5/6 Purdy, Rob I used this on September 6 © 1998-2012 HowStuffWorks, Inc Strickland, Jonathan

51: Jayla Helton's Work Cited: “ Apple’s iPhone Is Now Worth More Than All Microsoft.” LLC,2012, September 9 “ Current Internet Facts.” Web Wise Kids., September 6 “15 Facts On Global Internet Usage.”, September 6 “18 Fun Interesting Facts.” MakeUsOf., January 8, 2011, September 5 How Internet changed Today’s Marketplace.” 2012, September 9 “15 Interesting Facts About the Internet.” MakeUsOf., 2012, September 5 “Net Safe Kids.” Nap.Ed, National Academy of Sciences., 2003, September 5. | Jessica Whitridge's Work Cited: June 8 2010 , September 8 January 10, 2011, September 8

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About This Mixbook

  • Title: 2012 First Period
  • Movers, Shakers & Newsmakers: the journalists, events, and inventions that changed the world of news as we know it.
  • Tags: journalism, history, inventions
  • Published: over 5 years ago