S: Learning about Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, and Adverbs Demrow
BC: Made by Katelyn Demrow 4-27-10
FC: Learning about Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs | By Katelyn Demrow
1: Learning Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, and Adverbs By: Katelyn Demrow
2: Dear Katelyn, Can you help teach me about nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs? Katie
3: I would love to help! First, words are divided into categories based on what they do. That's were we get nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.
4: A noun is a PERSON, PLACE, THING, or IDEA. | NOUN:
6: there is more than one type of noun | *Common* *Proper* *Compound* *Plural* *Singular* *Abstract* *Concrete*
7: Common Nouns | Common nouns name general items Go to the kitchen and what do you see? | Refrigerator, magnet, stove, window, coffee maker, wallpaper, spatula, sink... | All these thing are common nouns.
8: Proper Nouns: A proper noun has two distinctive features: 1) it will name a specific [usually a one-of-a-kind] item, and 2) it will begin with a capital letter no matter where it occurs in a sentence.
9: Here are some examples... Katie, because it is a person's name. Oreo, because it is a brand name. Canada, because it is the name of a country.
10: COMPOUND NOUNS
11: Compound nouns are words made-up of more than one noun. Like... toothpaste and doghouse.
12: Singular and Plural Nouns
13: Nouns can be both singular and plural. As in "fish" and "fishes," "boy" and "boys," "ox" and "oxen," and "sheep" and "sheep."
14: Your five senses cannot detect this group of nouns. You cannot see them, hear them, smell them, taste them, or feel them. | Abstract Nouns
15: Examples: Hunger Peace Bravery Curiosity Trust Relaxation
16: Concrete Nouns
17: You can experience this group of nouns with your five senses: you see them, hear them, smell them, taste them, and feel them.
18: There are some easy ways to see if a word is a noun. First, any word that fits the in the following blank is a noun. The ___ that you see is beautiful. There are other noun positions that work too...
19: The ___ (after articles) My ___ (after possessives) This ___ (after demonstratives) Some ___ (after quantifers) Good ___ (after adjectives)
21: A verb describes an action. | ...take, takes, took, taking, taken...
22: Kick | Dance
23: You can determine if a word is a verb if the BASE of the word it fits in the blank... They (or it) can _____. | ...jump. ...bounce. ...fly. ...sing. ...play.
24: Verbs can take form in up to five different ways: BASE PRESENT PAST PRESENT- PARTICIPLE & PAST-PARTICIPLE | Cutting | Cut
25: Here is an example showing all five forms. | BASE: take PRESENT: takes PAST: took PAST-PARTICIPLE: taking PRESENT-PARTICIPLE: taken
26: TYPES | OF | VERBS | Action/ State | Auxiliary/ Main | Transitive/ Intransitive/Linking
27: Action/State Verbs: These verbs can occupy this space... BE_____(PRES-PART). Auxiliary/Main Verbs: Main verbs are the rightmost verb in a verb phrase. Transitive/Intransitive/Linking Verbs: Direct objects follow transitive verbs and linking verbs are followed by the subject.
29: Adjectives describe or modify nouns. In other words they describe people, places, things, & ideas. | A D J E C T I V E S | Adjectives answer questions like: how? when? where? to what degree?
30: **Adjectives add detail to the description. **Adjectives can come before a noun or after a verb. **When adjectives come after a verb they tend to be separated by a conjunction.
31: For example, "The lake is blue," tells us the color of the lake. The adjective, blue, is after the noun. | "The clear blue lake," demonstrates how adjectives are used before a noun.
32: It's an adjective when... | They (or it) can be very ______. That seems _________. How ________ are you? That's more ________ than this.
33: Adjectives are usually comparable. Happy vs. Sad Tall vs. Short Foggy vs. Clear
34: Types of Adjectives
35: Attributive/Predicative: These types of adjectives state claims and follow the noun. Example: Katie is smart. | Common/Proper: These types of adjectives come before the noun and they describe rather than state claims. Example: Katie is a smart girl.
37: Adverbs partner loosely. They modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs
38: All adverbs express either... * Time (immediately, now, soon) *Place (here, there, and everywhere) *Manner (boldly, nonchalantly, purposefully) or * Degree (absolutely, quite, very)
39: Or think about the questions they answer... When? Where? How? or How much? Example: I ate lunch yesterday. "Yesterday" is the adverb because it tell when I ate lunch.
40: when attached to an adjective base, the suffix "ly" always makes and adverb!
41: I hope I answered your question about nouns, verbs, adjective, and adverbs. Good Luck with parts of speech in the future! Katelyn