FC: Movers, Shakers & News Makers
1: Contributors Michael Grisham Ashley Elliott Shelby Copeland Tyra Jackson Morgan McNeely Clinton Julian Jacob Vannarsdall Bailey Obermiller Amy Lyons Hayley Beckwith Ashley Padgett Ray Janis Lauren Howser Kaytlyn Julian Chase Newman
6: The generation of this era of time thinks that newspapers have always been around. That is not true. The idea of a published, circulating paper, that contained news did not begin to become its own until the late 1600s in London, England. The early newspapers were only read by the wealthier classes, which were educated and had the leisure to read. | Newspaper in the Colonies | The Pennsylvania Gazette was one of the United States' most prominent newspapers from 1728 – before the time period of the American Revolution – until 1800. Published in Philadelphia from 1728 through 1800, The Pennsylvania Gazette is considered The New York Times of the 18th century. It was first published by Samuel Keimer and was the second newspaper to be published in Pennsylvania under the name The Universal Instructor in all Arts and Sciences: and Pennsylvania Gazette, alluding to Keimer's intention to print out a page of Ephraim Chambers' Cyclopaedia, or Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences in each copy. On October 2, 1729, Benjamin Franklin and Hugh Meredith bought the paper and shortened its name. Franklin not only printed the paper but also often contributed pieces under aliases. His newspaper soon became the most successful in the colonies. This newspaper, among other firsts, would print the first political cartoon in America, Join, or Die, authored by Franklin himself. The Pennsylvania Gazette ceased publication in 1800, ten years after Franklin's death. In the late part of 1733 German-born printer John Peter Zenger began the publishing of a New York newspaper to voice his opinion against the policies of the newly appointed | The first newspaper in the world was Publick Occurrences promoted in Boston, Massachusetts on September 25, 1690. It was intended to be a monthly publication for the general public. It was published without a license from the authorities. Those in power were greatly offended that they caused such a public up roar that it was immediately discontinued after the first issue. | On 24 April 1704, John Campbell, the postmaster of Boston, published the first issue of the Boston News-Letter. A small single sheet, printed on both sides, the News-Letter made history as the first continuously published newspaper in America. This first issue of the Boston News-Letter, as befits a British colony, was full of news from Mother England, including lengthy abstracts from mid-December issues of the London Flying Post and London Gazette. The Boston News-Letter appeared weekly until 1776 and had no competition in Boston until 21 December 1719, | http://www.suite101.com/content/americas-first-newspaper-boston-1690-a115120 | The Publick Occurrences | By: Michael Grisham
7: governor William Cosby. Cosby arrived in New York and upon doing so he got in an argument with the Colonial council over the amount of his salary. | later. His widow Elizabeth then ran both the paper and the print shop until their son, Peter, was old enough to take over. Peter also worked with the colonial postal service and was appointed Deputy Postmaster-General of the Southern Provinces. The “Gazette” printed news of Europe, what the royalty had worn at the last formal event, news of the colony, notices of births, deaths, marriages and estate auctions, and advertisements, including those for runaway slaves. | Photo: www.courts.state.ny.us | John Peter Zenger trial | http://www.masshist.org/objects/2004april.cfm | The Boston News-Letter | The South Carolina Gazette was South Carolina's first successful newspaper. The paper began in 1732 under J. Whitemarsh in Charlestown (now Charleston) but within only 2 years he died of yellow fever. In 1734 another former printer with Benjamin Franklin, Lewis Timothy, revived the Gazette and ran it until his accidental death four years | Zenger's New-York Weekly JOURNAL continued to publish articles critiquing the royal governor. Finally, Cosby issued a proclamation condemning the newspaper's "divers scandalous, virulent, false and seditious reflections." On Sunday, November 17, 1734 Zenger was arrested and charged with seditious libel. After over eight months in prison, Zenger was sent to trial defended by the Philadelphia lawyer Andrew Hamilton.The case was now exciting and riveting drawing in the people. Turned down numerous times by Chief Justice Delancey during the trial, Hamilton decided to plead his client's case directly to the jury. On August 5, 1735 after the arguments for both sides were finished, the twelve New York jurors were retired to analyze the case, they returned shortly after with a verdict of “not guilty” on charges of “seditious libel” because even if the statement Zenger had published were slanderous they were all based upon fact. After the trial Zenger published his own personal account of the trial entitled A Brief Narrative of the Case and Trial of John Peter Zenger (1736). Zenger’s trial was the birth of freedom of the press and the start of a new era for all journalists.
8: One advancement was the steam driven printing press invented by Friedrich Koenig in 1814. Before 1814 there were other printing presses but they were very slow and ran on one cylinder.The first edition of Koenig’s new printing press was used on The London Times on November 28, 1814. The new printing press could make 1,100 impressions per hour, greatly increasing productivity. By the end of the year The Times was selling 7,000 copies a day. This advancement allowed more copies of newspapers to be printed and allowed more people access to the news while allowing printing companies to have less of the hassle. | Advancements Toward the Newspapers We Know Today | The Atlantic Cable was made by Cyrus Field and assistants, including Samuel F.B Morse. It was a telegraph cable that connected London to the United States. The first public message was sent from Queen Victoria to President James Buchannan in May 1858. The message was successfully received and the cable began to be used by large companies and the British and United States government. The cable used Morse code so, messages were expensive to translate and cost about ten dollars per word. It also took about ten minutes to decipher each word. The Atlantic Cable helped the United States and London to communicate quicker and also allowed news to travel faster. | The Atlantic Cable http://www.physics.gla.ac.uk/~macvicar/KelvinWWW/images/14%20Atlantic%20cable | Atlantic Cable | Steam Driven Printing Press | So, you find newspapers outdated. Rather use the internet or something? Well if it wasn't for newspapers, news today would not be the same. In fact even over 100 years ago during the 1800s people were working hard to give you the news and communications of today. Here are some of their inventions that helped lead to the first real, accurate news. | By: Ashley Elliott
9: Another great advancement in the 1800s was the first electromagnetic telegraph.invented by Samuel F.B Morse. The first message over the electromagnetic telegraph wire was sent in 1844 from Baltimore to Samuel F.B Morse who was in the Chamber of the Supreme Court. The telegraph used patterns of dots and dashes called Morse Code to relay messages over wire. Telegraphs allowed information to pass more quickly between cities allowing newspapers were able to feature more current news about what was happening in the rest of the world. | One of the most important advancements to journalists in the 1800s was the first practical typewriter. This typewriter was invented by Christopher Sholes, Carlos Gidden, and Samuel W. Soule in 1873. Though there were other typewriters before this one, this typewriter fixed some major jamming problems by rearranging the pattern of letter keys. After the jamming problems were fixed, this was the first typewriter that allowed journalists to type faster than they could write by hand. The first of these typewriters went on the assembly line in September 1873. These typewriters allowed many new jobs to be created for women in the office, and allowed journalists to be able to type faster. | “Watson come here; I want you.” With that sentence, one of the greatest inventions ever was named a success. The invention that effects people the most today is the telephone, invented by Alexander Bell in 1876. Bell’s telephone was a device that converted the human voice into electrical impulses that could travel over wire This new invention dramatically peoples lives and greatly improved the world’s means of communications. Journalists could now receive very current information and news from other cities and write about it. | The first practical typewriter http://i.ehow.com/images/a04/tc/s1/did-typewriter-begin-3.1-120X120.jpg | First Telephone http://www.martinezhistory.org/assets/images/telephone.jpg | Typewriter | Telephone | Telegraph | http://chss.montclair.edu/~pererat/0140.jpg
10: Yellow Journalism | Yellow journalism, in short, is a weighted opinion being substituted as objective fact. The practice of yellow journalism was to create sensationalism, distorted stories, and misleading images for the sole purpose of boosting newspaper sales and exciting public opinion. It was particularly indicative of two papers founded and popularized in the late 19th century- The New York World, run by Joseph Pulitzer and The New York Journal, run by William Randolph Hearst. | It all started some historians believe with the onset of industrialization in the U.S. Printers were now able to print more papers in one night with one machine than they could've in days with the old ones. This is believed to be the reason that yellow journalism began because, this was one of the main characteristics in yellow journalism, the endless drive for circulation. And unfortunately the printer's own greed sometimes got in the way of ethics. | Although the actual practice of what would later become known as yellow journalism came into being during a more extended time period (between 1880-1890), the term was first coined based on a series of occurrences in and following the year of 1895. This was the year in which Hearst purchased the New York Journal, quickly becoming a key rival of Pulitzer's. The term was derived, through a series of peculiar circumstances, from a cartoon by the famous 19th century cartoonist, Robert Outcault called "The Yellow Kid" (see second from top). The cartoon was first published in The World, until Hearst hired him away to produce the strip in his newspaper. Pulitzer then hired another artist to produce the same strip in his newspaper. This comic strip happened to use a new special, non-smear yellow ink, and because of the significance of the comic strip, the term "yellow journalism" was coined by critics. | Sadly though, this period of sensationalist news delivery (where the so-called yellow press routinely outsold the more honest, truthful, unbiased newspapers) does stand out as a particularly dark era in journalistic history. The demand of the United States people for absolutely free press allowed such aforementioned newspapers, which often appealed to the shorter attention spans and interests of the lower class, to print whatever they so desired. This means that they could easily steal a headline and story directly from another paper, or simply fabricate a story to fit their particular agenda. | One of the more disturbing features involved with the former practice of yellow journalism, and the period in which it was most active in is that there is no definite line between this period of yellow journalism and the period afterwards. There only exists evidence that such practices were frowned upon by the general public - by 1910, circulation had dropped off very rapidly for such papers. But regardless, does this mean that yellow journalism simply faded away, never to return? Or did it absorb itself into the very heart of our newspapers, where it will remain forever? One thing is for certain - after the late 1800s, newspapers changed drastically, and still show no sign of changing back. The modernly present newspaper appearances of catchy headlines, humorous comic strips, special interest sections, intrusive investigative reporting, et cetera serve as a constant reminder that one must always stay skeptical when examining our news sources. | What is the remedy to yellow journalism? Simply double- and triple-checking one's sources and reading between the lines. If one disregards the obvious marketing that is used to hook readers, newspapers may actually prove to be reliable sources of information.
11: http://library.thinkquest.org/C0111500/spanamer/media/images/photos/kid.jpg | an cartoon illustration of Yellow Journalism | Background on William Randolph Hearst | The son of a U.S. senator, William Randolph Hearst was a rich kid in his early 20s when he inherited control of the San Francisco Examiner newspaper from his father, mining tycoon George Hearst, in 1887. Hearst went on to build a publishing empire that included newspapers, magazines, news services, radio stations and film studios. He was an unabashed practitioner of "yellow journalism," and his enthusiasm for sensationalism and his autocratic rule were legendary; he is often accused of nudging the U.S. into the Spanish-American war of 1898, just to sell more newspapers. Beginning in the 1920s, Hearst had a mansion built in central California, called San Simeon but also known as Hearst Castle. He was famously involved in an affair with actress Marion Davies, as well as a public feud with Orson Welles over the film Citizen Kane (1941), which was a thinly-veiled criticism of Hearst. | Background on Joseph Pulitzer | http://neponset.com/yellowkid/yk01g.gif | The "Yellow Kid" cartoon | Joseph Pulitzer was born in April 1847 and immigrated to the U.S in 1864. He later became wealthy enough to buy the New York World.whose main competitor was the New York Journal. At 43 Pulitzer became blind, but continued to manage the New York World, which came out with the popular "Yellow Kid". Pulitzer promoted investigative reporting and in 1909 his paper exposed the fraudual payment of $40million by the U.S government to the French Panama Canal Company. Pulitzer was indited but won the case with freedom of press. Pulitzer died in 1911 but left a fund for annual prizes for literature, drama, music, and journalism. Cartoons were also included in 1922.
12: In the early 1900s there was a group of writers called the muckrakers, who exposed social and political wrong doings in the United States. They all wrote truthful reports involving social issues, such as child labor, prostitution, racial discrimination, and corruption in business and government. Theodore Roosevelt, in 1906 labeled these writers as muckrakers because he thought they were only concerned with corruption, but they were not. Nearly all muckrakers were journalist, who wrote for inexpensive magazines. Ida Minerva Tarbell was one of the original muckrakers. The Standard Oil Company that interfered with her fathers efforts in the oil industry was shut down, with help from her. Ida was born on Nov. 5, 1857, on a farm in Erie County, Pennsylvania in a log cabin. She was very young when her family moved to Rouseville to take advantage budding oil industry in Pennsylvania. She exposed the sole control over the oil industry. Upton Sinclair wrote about the stink of the Chicago stockyards. He wrote about how rats was shoveled into sausage-grinding machines;
14: http://www.nellieblyonline.com/images/uploads/PBS_AmEx.jpg | She would practice looking like a lunatic in the mirror. She would conform her expressions to present a dazed look. She gave her name as Nellie Brown when she checked into the insane asylum. This was all an act. It was all for an investigative report called, "Ten Days in a Madhouse." Nellie staged herself as an insane person to investigate the way people in the asylum were treated. Her performance was so convincing that the other women were afraid of her. One woman said, "I'm afraid to live with such a crazy women, She will murder us before morning." Nellie unveiled the cruelties of insane asylums. Her dedication to investigative reporting gained her respect in the journalism world. She forever changed journalism for women. | By: Morgan McNeely
15: $Mo Money$ | Nellie Bly | http://patriciahysell.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/nellie_bly_2.jpg?w=225&h=269 | Before Nellie Bly, men dominated the journalism world. She made her mark as one of the first female journalists. During her time, women could not use their own names in their reports. Nellie's birth name is Elizabeth Cochrane. She got her pen name "Nellie Bly" from a Stephen Foster song. Her articles were often based on women. She would write about divorce and interview women she knew. | She often ventured to do more investigative reporting. In one report she traveled to Mexico. She observed the everyday lives of the Mexican people. When the Mexican government read what she had been writing, they ordered her out of the country. She came back to the Untied States. She had hoped her report would have elevated her status at the Pittsburgh paper she was working for. Instead, she was confined to the women's page. She knew she had the potential to expose investigative reporting. She decided to leave. She left a note to the editors. The note read, "Look out for me, Bly."
16: Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein Watergate Scandal | Watergate as it is known as involved several people and parties. Our president during that time, Richard Nixon, the republican and democratic party. The secret source nicknamed deep throat, was the vital key in guidance in the ground breaking coverage in this story and history making moment. | by Clinton Julian | president nixon
17: This political scandal happened in the early 70's, when one party broke into the other party's national headquarters and resulted in the first ever resignation of a president of the United States. This also led to the trials, convictions and incarcerations for several of president Nixon's administration. Mr. Nixon had tape recordings that led him to be a prime suspect in the break in. So that the president would not face impeachment he resigned from office. | Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward uncovered the Watergate scandal | Newspaper
18: Sports Illustrated, Family Circle, Game Informer. We all know these magazines as staples of our culture. But how did they become what they are today? The earliest magazines were actually books, and were looked down upon by the upper class because they were generally written by “washed up” writers who liked to write with a biased and opinionated point of view. These early examples could take any amount of time to be written, let alone completed. The first modern magazine was the Edifying Monthly Discussions, which was published in Germany. The first modern magazine in America was the American Magazine. Benjamin Franklin had hopes of being the first american magazine publisher, with his own creation called General Magazine, but the American Magazine beat him to it by a mere three days. | After the introduction of modern magazines, the market really took off. The early moderns had many subjects in one, and were mostly news. The downside of these were that by the time they were published, the news in them was old. Eventually publishers caught onto this, and began producing specialty magazines which catered to specific interest groups. Though special interest magazines had a big part of the market, there were still a few general interest magazines. Some specialty magazines started selling subscriptions to companies or individuals who marketed a product related to what was in the magazine. Some dealers even got free subscriptions. Eventually this became available to the public. Most early magazines had quite a bit of design and pictures. When photography became popular, the camera took place of the pencil artist that had been the source of illustration for many years. This was for a few reasons, one of the biggest being that the camera was more accurate. It could capture things in | Early Printing Press | Early SaturdayEvening Post Cover | Magazines: Then to Now | By: Jacob Vannarsdall
19: more detail and in a more precise manner than a person could. They were also easier to have around and more readily available. The Saturday Evening Post was a very innovative early magazine, funded by advertisers looking for a broad outreach to a new market. It’s first two hundred page issue was more than half advertising, with one hundred eleven pages of ads. This made The Post an innovator, with it’s funding was able to sell nearly two million copies a week. The ads in The Post were more important than most people realized at the time. The magazine cost thirty cents to produce, double what the retail price was, yet stayed afloat through advertising revenue. Things remained like they had for years until the 1950‘s, when the magazine market really took off. Magazines became cheap to produce, and could cover more in one issue than the average newspaper. Most magazines catered to the younger generation, who were generally around the outlets that sold the magazines, yet some still appealed to the older generation. | Many magazines have come and gone since then, yet one thing still remains the same: they are always near, and always contain something that we can all relate to. Modern magazines are products of the digital age, with nearly all of them being illustrated by digital photography and computer generated images. However, with technology comes a price, and a big one at that. It is very difficult to produce and market a successful magazine in modern times, due to the cost of the equipment needed. This, accompanied by the fact that most big-name companies and titles have a monopoly on the market that newcomers are trying to break into and they usually get muscled out. However, some have prevailed, and magazines like those are the future of the industry, and it’s in good hands. | Modern news stands don't look much different than they ever have.
20: Early radio was the new way to get the news around. Lee de Forest was the man that invented the radio, his nick name for doing this is Father of Radio. In 1906, he began to use of a microphone in the earth connection. In 1909 Lee de Forest started to put his wireless telephone sets in to U.S. Navy ships. U.S. Navy ships started to give music to the fleet on the bay deck. Another form of broadcasting was Lee de Forest's love for opera. The first singers on the radio was Mazarin and Farrar. | photo:Lee de Forest http://www.leedeforest.org/awa.html | Photo: wireless telephone sets http://www.leedeforest.org/awa.html
21: The election of 1916 was the first election to be broadcasted on the radio. Woodrow Wilson won the election of 1916.The Democrats theme was "He kept us out of war." The broadcast of the presidential election was something that everyone was listening to. There was 7,000 amateur worker working to keep the radio going so people could listen to it. | photo: Woodrow Wilson http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1108.html | Photo:president visiting ohio. http://ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=542&nm=Presidential-Election-of-1916
22: The 1921 World Series between the New York Giants and the New York Yankees was the first to be broadcasted over radio. entertainment.howstuffworks.com/radio-show1.htm | http://www.suite101.com/content//history-of-the-radio-a90199
23: Television Famous t.v. shows in the 1950s and 60s included The Ed Sullivan Show, I Love Lucy, Father Knows Best, and the Adventures of Superman. The Ed Sullivan Show was probably the most popular t.v. show during that era. Ed Sullivan, Ray Block & his orchestra, and the June Taylor Dancers were the main cast members of this popular t.v. show. It was a good variety series. For about 23 years this series (originally titled "Toast of The Town" for the first eight seasons) brought the finest acts of the day into American homes. When television came along and started stealing the radio audience, it slowly started to change and become less popular. Radio The radio established the programming that television later on copied. By the end of the 1920s a lot of radio's started to broadcast programs that were a little more sophisticated with One of the radio's first serial programs was the Amos "n" Andy show, which debuted in 1929 and soon came to be a big hit. The Andy "n" Amos show focused around two African American characters who were portrayed as the stereotypical "buffoons." This hit show became so popular that movie theaters were scheduling times to show it. Many restaurants started playing it to make their customers satisfied as well.
24: Early Television History. | Television history goes back as early as the 1800s. However the first TV station wouldn't even open until 1929. | Important First Events: | 1923 - Vladimir K. Zworkykin creates the first electronic camera pickup tube. | 1927- first electronic television pictures are transmitted. | 1935- BBC is first to offer regular programming on television. | 1939- first ever sport shown on television. | 1941- commercial television licenses were granted to NBC and CBS New York stations. | 1946- Television industry slowed due to a complete government stop in construction of new stations and television sets. | 1948- The first cable television system is created. | 1951- Edward R. Murrow is a head of broadcast journalism. | http://s206301103.websitehome.co.uk/museum/bushTV-12.jpg | An early television. | An early television.
25: Televised Journalism: Early Years through Today. | When most of us think of the news on TV, most of us think of the broadcast journalism pioneered by Edward Murrow. However if by some chance Murrow could see our news today, he would probably be fairly disgusted. | http://www.otrcat.com/z/edwardmurrow.jpg | When people first began telling news with television, it was through two programs that had been combined called NewsCast and NewsActing. It featured a narrator and some of the time's top actors dramatizing the days news events. | When this form of journalism died out, Edward R. Murrow was there, bringing along with him a new form of news, it was fresh, it was hard, it was just the kind of horrifically reliable form of news we needed, and it was there in the voice of a young man America had once tried so hard to block out, that was telling them directly how it was with no political overtone. or bias. This was to be the future of broadcast journalism. | by Hay-Rizzle Beckwith | Edward R. Murrow. | by Hay-Rizzle Beckwith | Edward R. Murrow.
26: In the 1960's John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon were in the debate of who would be president. Kennedy had been the first to be nominated and then Kennedy picked Lyndon Johnson to be his running mate. Two weeks after the democratic convention, the republicans nominated the serving vice president, Richard Nixon. The debate soon became only about experience. Nixon's Focus started to lose value. And Kennedy was ready because he had spent a lot of time preparing for presidency. | In November, the election came close, just as expected. Kennedy won the popular vote 49.7% to 49.5%. The electoral margin was 303 to 219 win. The importance of television has spread greatly since 1960 | First televised debate between Kennedy & Nixon
27: Vietnam was the first televised war. The war being televised brought the horror into the room with you. Michael Arlen called it "living-room war." there were instances when violence and suffering were shown, but the blood and gore were rarely shown. a little less than a quarter of a film displayed images of the dead or wounded. Only throughout the 1968 Tet and the 1972 Spring Offensives was there regular showings of the pain, suffering, and destruction of war. The coverage shown for the first few years of the "living-room war" started off with a battlefield round-up. Then followed by a policy story from Washington. And last a film report from the field. the film reports were generally five days old because they first had to be sent to the U.S for processing. Television crews found later that New York wanted to see what was really going on during battle. Television then became up close and personal style during the Tet. The tet became the turning point in the Vietnam War | 1970's Vietnam War | The tet was a series of surprise attacks by the Vietcong and north Vietnamese forces
28: The Invention of the World Wide Web | The world wide web was invented by a man who is known as Tim Berners-Lee. In 1989 Tim proposed he had a hypertext project, to be known as the world wide web. The web was designed to work together by combing their knowledge in a web hypertext document. The first world wide web server he wrote was, "httpd", and the first "worldwideweb" (www.) was invented. October 1990, a project known as neXTStep took place to make the web open to the public with the first available CERN in December of 1999. | Tim Berners-Lee | http://www.ciudaddelasideas.com/speakers/images/tim_berners.jpg | Tim Beners-Lee
29: Internet | http://www.yourdictionary.com/images/articles/lg/558.WorldWideWeb.jpg | Over | Time | 1990, the Internet was used for military use but soon to be a public use. 1992, the Internet society was formed by a private sector who helped promote the evolution of the Internet, including high maintanance of the standard process. 1993, WWW revolution truly begins with 2million hosts and 600 WWW sites. Buisnesses and cooperations take notice in the web for their interests. 1994, Shopping malls and sales items are placed on the Internet creating a cyber shopping mall. 1995, traditional Internet access users such as America Online® is created using a dial up system. | 1996, researching in new TCP/IP technology to make approximately 4.3 billion addresses. 1997, Microsoft introduces the latest of their Internet browser known as Internet Explorer 4.0, also NASA sends pictures of a shuttle in space leading 43 million hits in one day, creating the new term known as "blog." | Internet social link
30: There is a raging competition going on between paper newspapers and on-line newspapers. On-line news is much more modern and faster than newspapers, but you can take newspapers with you on the go. Studies show that older generations tend to stick with the classic way of getting news and the younger generations like to use the Internet. On-line news is taking a toll on the newspaper industry's business. On top of the economic downfall, newspapers have had declining sales, loss of advertising, and budget cuts. More newspaper companies are filing for bankruptcy and going out of business. | http://www.mediainfocenter.org/newspaper/data/top_news_volume.asp | To keep up with the modern society most newspapers have created their own websites. Some newspapers, like the Seattle Post-Intelligencer who stopped printing in 2009, have gone completely web based. | This graph shows that newspaper sales have decreased since 1970. | Internet vs. Media By: Lauren Howser Newspaper or Internet. Which way do you get your news? Not too long ago the daily newspaper was an important part in the everyday American routine, now most people get their news on-line. | VS. | http://www.suzannesutton.com/newspaper.gif | http://www.cats-ltd.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/Computer.jpg
31: On-line blogs are impacting the media also. Tons of amateur journalists are making their own blog websites that allow the public to comment and voice their opinions on the news. These bloggers can post blogs immediately from anywhere in the world. This means they can be updating the news while still sitting in a courtroom listening to a trial. This allows news to be delivered in near real- time. Newspapers with websites have been adding blog pages so their web pages will be more interactive. Also they can upload news faster and the public can voice their opinion on the website by commenting on the blog. Without the Internet we would only be using the daily newspaper to get news. Now, the Internet provides endless ways of getting the news. You can even watch a live televised news cast right on your computer screen! | http://www.mediainfocenter.org/newspaper/data/web_sites_audience.asp | The future of the Internet and newspaper industry is widely debated. "The Internet is going to be the medium of choice for most people. Eventually everything is going to be Internet-based," says Linda Mackenzie, who has her own web-site about the media. In 10 years is everything really going to be on-line? Or will there be some new gadget that spreads the news? | This bar graph shows what type of people prefer newspaper websites. It shows that employed people mostly look at online news.
32: Johnny just asked you out! | You have just been asked to the movies by Johnny; the most gorgeous, popular, unintelligent guy in school. How do you intend to tell your friends? Wait until the next time you see them to brag? No way you can hold your excitement that long. You are just dying to tell Becky, who lives in North Carolina, so you e-mail her. Does Becky not have an e-mail account? Then make a blog on the internet with all of the juicy details. Does Becky not want to read your blog? | Well, there is always the option to make your own internet website about you and your boyfriend for 1 day, Johnny. If Becky doesn't check out your site, then Becky probably just doesn't care. The point to be made here is that you can communicate with anyone anywhere in the world on the internet. You can update your status and have your friend in China know that your mom is making meatloaf for dinner, and that you hate meatloaf. The internet is a revolutionary thing that has more power than almost any other device.
33: INVASION Almost anywhere you go you can see someone on the web. Whether they're tweeting, or updating their profile, or just messaging they are sharing wisdom about who they are with the world. The internet is a personal and professional way to give and receive wisdom. You could just want to know how Johnny Depp is, or what the weather is going to be like the next week. The internet isn't like sports or food, there is something for everyone on it. You can even text people through a Yahoo! account if you don't have a phone. | World Wide Wisdom | By:Kaytlyn Julian
34: The internet society engaged in a scenario planning exercise to reveal plausible courses of events that could impact the health of the internet in the future. They are sharing them in the hope that they will inspire thought about possiblilities for the future development of the internet, and involvement in helping to make that happen in the best possible way. With the unwitting help of its users, the generative Internet is on a path to a lockdown, ending its cycle of innovation—and facilitating unsettling new kinds of control. The Internet’s current trajectory is one of lost opportunity. Its salvation, Zittrain argues, lies in the hands of its millions of users. They now see, in the debates over control of the domain name space and the form of the next generation IP addresses, a struggle to find the next social structure that will guide the Internet in the future. | Internet in the future
35: At the same time, the industry struggles to find the economic rationale for the large investment needed for the future growth, for example to upgrade residential access to a more suitable technology. If the Internet stumbles, it will not be because we lack for technology, vision, or motivation. It will be because we cannot set a direction and march collectively into the future.The future of the Internet global distribution of information and knowledge at lower and lower cost will continue to lift the world community for generations to come.