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A Nation Divided

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S: The Causes of the Cicil war

BC: Thank You !

FC: A Nation Divided | By: Reeve Delmas

1: The North didn't want slavery and didn't need it because they had factories and other hand made machines that helped them. But the South needed slavery because they didn't have and have as many things to help with their plantations, that is why they needed slavery.

2: In 1819 the North and the South both argued because when Missouri joined the slave states there was 11 slave states and 11 free states. The Northerners didn't want this to change the balance between them and the south by letting another slave state come in. That was when Henry | The Missouri Compromise

3: Clay made the Missouri Compromise. It said that Missouri could join the slave states and Maine would join the free states. He also suggested to draw a line between the map at 36,30 north. The Green Line represents the 36,30.

4: The Underground Railroad The Underground railroad is a way for slaves to escape form their masters. By following the North Star they made their way to the free states where there were people called Abolitionists, who are people that hid slaves in their houses from slave hunters. They hid for days then made then made their way to Canada which is where they would have freedom forever! Frederick Douglass which was on that gave very powerful speeches. .

5: Harriet Tubman | Harriet Tubman risked her life 19 times while traveling the Underground Railroad after she had gotten free.

6: The Compromise of 1850 | After the Mexican-American War in the 1840's the United States gained a huge amount of land in the West and Southwest , including California. In 1849 California asked to join the free states, which would make the North have more free states. The Southerners were furious because most of California was south of the 36, 30 line, where slavery was allowed. Then Henry Clay made a compromise called, "The Compromise of 1850.". It came with many laws and said that the North could have California and that slaves couldn't sell slaves in Washington D.C.

7: It also said that the South said that the people that lived in New Mexico and Utah could vote on if they could allow slavery to their state. The Fugitive Slave Law was passed which said that officials would capture any runaway slaves. Northerners weren't happy about this and didn't want to help slave hunters. A man that we all know Abraham Lincoln was shocked by the law. Some states passed laws forbidding officials to help. Some broke into jails to free the runaway slaves, and the Underground railroad was very, very busy. The Compromise of 1850 made many people unhappy and later Abraham Lincoln warned the United states that we could not go on with the North free and the South with slaves.

8: Bleeding Kansas | become states. Since both of them were above the 36,30 then both of them should have been free states but in 1854, congress had changed the rules by passing the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This said that people in two territories elect representatives to write state constitutions. This could allow or forbid slavery. This action turned Kansas into a battleground over slavery. Both pro-slavery and anti-slavery went to Kansas to vote. They fought and was the first time Americans fought over slavery. | The North and the South had been getting angrier and angrier as Kansas and Nebraska prepared to

9: The Pro-slavery settlers won by a lot. The people that were against slavery refused. They said that supporters in Missouri came to Kansas and vote illegally. They ignored the election and set up their own government in Topeka , Kansas. In 1856 a pro- slavery mob went to the town of Lawrence in Kansas to arrest the anti-slavery leaders. They burned down houses and hotels, and destroyed most of the town. Abolitionists John Brown and a small group attacked and killed five settlers at Pottawatomie Creek. Fighting continued throughout the summer and was soon called " Bleeding Kansas". After Federal troops 200 people died. After this was over the Northerners and Southerners showed that it was time the compromise was over.

10: The Election of Abraham Lincoln | In 1860 the Union was close to splitting apart slavery. The Republican Party's candidate, Abraham Lincoln had promised to leave slavery alone even though he was against it and didn't want it to spread into new territories. The disagreement over slavery made another party called the Democrats. With candidates Abraham won the election without a single southern state voting.This made the southerners upset and 7 southern states seceded from the union without Lincoln. They made Confederate states of America. In the early 1861 the Confederacy elected their own president. On April 12, 1861, Confederates attacked Fort Summer, for

11: 33 hours the southern states cannoned the fort. Finally the Union commander surrendered. The Civil War had begun. | Abraham Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation

12: Famous Abraham Lincoln Quotes! | "My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that. What I do about slavery, and the colored race, I do because I believe it helps to save the Union; and what I forbear, I forbear because I do not believe it would help to save the Union. I shall do less whenever I shall believe what I am doing hurts the cause, and I shall do more whenever I shall believe doing more will help the cause."

14: Picture of Harriet Tubman:,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.,cf.osb&fp=79b456026f5b5f20 Picture of Map,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.,cf.osb&fp=b12d1cafff5acb98&biw=1267&bih=652 Picture of slavery,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.,cf.osb&fp=b12d1cafff5acb98&biw=1267&bih=652,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.,cf.osb&fp=b12d1cafff5acb98&biw=1267&bih=652

15: Abraham Lincoln Qoutes

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Reeve D
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  • Title: A Nation Divided
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  • Started: about 6 years ago
  • Updated: about 6 years ago