S: A Walk Through WW1
FC: A Walk Through WW1 | By Winterboro High School 6th Grade Social Studies Ms.Young, 2009-2010
1: BULLDOG CONTRIBUTORS Haley Buchanan Austin Chandler Brianna Chapman Traci Cook Autumn Currier Austin Davis Zach Dotson Danielle Duncan Christon Epperson Leon Estelle Nadia Estelle Josh Fluker Caleb Fluker | Dakota Gaither Mya Garrett Tae Graham Zerian Hampton Chase Hayes Chase Holmes Tyler Hyche Audrey Jemison Kelsey Jones Josh Kilgore Marcus Kirkland Chase Kissic Brady Kissic Alexander McGhee Shala McGhee Morgan Merritt Destiny Parker Chris Phillips CJ Redd David Rhodes DonShae Riggins Destiny Seals Zamiya Shields Hannah Simic
2: The War Begins
3: The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand,heir to the Austria Hungarian throne, sparked WW1. Franz Ferdinand was very unpopular because he had made it clear he would make changes. Franz Ferdinand decided to visit Sarajevo and the Austria-Hungarian troops there. On the 28th of June 1914, a Serbian terrorist group called The Black Hand Gang decided that Archduke should be assassinated and the planned visit provided them this opportunity. The Archduke and his wife were in their car and had apparently taken a slight wrong turn. The driver, realizing this, stopped to reverse. Unfortunately, in front of them was one of the assassination conspiracy's members. Gavrillo Princip stepped forward and fired two shots. The first shot hit the pregnant Sophia in the stomach. She died almost instantly. The second shot hit the Archduke in the neck. He died awhile later.
4: The main cause of the war in Europe was the rise of nationalism. Nationalism is the loyalty and devotion to a country. Nationalism led to the creation of two very strong powers, Italy and Germany. The war had a major role in achieving nation unification in Italy and Germany. Empires ruled many national groups that clamored for independence and that started rivalries during WW1.
5: The Central Powers consisted of the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Italy. The name Central Powers is derived from the location of these countries. The alliances made between these three nations was a result of Germany's inability to gain power on the "world gain." Once Germany realized this, they decided to focus on creating an alliance in Central Europe. Throughout WW1, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy were known as the Triple Alliance.
6: The Allied Powers were known as the Triple Entente.The key members of the Triple Entente were the United Kingdom, France,and the Russian Empire. The US later joined this alliance.
7: When the war broke out in Europe, the US tried to stay neutral.On May 7, 1915, the Lusitania was crossing the Atlantic Ocean and was sunk by the Germans.The ship was carrying American passengers.The German's attack caused problems with the economy.President Woodrow Wilson declared war on April 6,1917, by saying, "The world must be made safe for democracy".
8: The Lusitania was built by John Brown. On its second voyage from New York to Liverpool on May 1 ,1915, it was destroyed by a German U- Boat. A torpedo tore through the hull, but a second explosion destroyed the ship. Unknown to the passengers, the Lusitania contained ammunition, weapons, and contraband designed for the British war effort. The destruction helped change the minds of Americans to enter the war.
9: The Zimmerman Telegram was a coded telegram dispatched by the Foreign Secretary of the German Empire, Authur Zimmerman, On January 16,1917 , to the German Ambassador in Mexico, Heinrich Von Eckarat. It proposed a military alliance against the United States. It was intercepted and decoded by the British and the British showed the U.S. the telegram on February 24,1917. This message helped draw the United States into war and thus changed the course of history.
10: The Weapons A variety of weapons were used during WW1 by both the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. These weapons made fighting in the great war more life threatening for soldiers.
11: In WW1 the submarine proved itself a warship that could not be ignored. Torpedoes were used by submarines to sink enemy ships. | Tanks during WW1! were developed to cope with the conditions of the Western Front. The first tank was called Little Willie and needed a crew of 3. Its max speed was 3 mph and it couldn't cross trenches. A more modern tank was later developed and could carry 10 men, had a revolving turret and could travel 4 mph.
12: Planes were used for the first time during WW1. They were used to deliver bombs, spies, and as fighter crafts. The planes were lightweight and could be shot down easily. By the end of the war, planes became a symbol of fear.
13: In WW1 poison gas was the most feared of all weapons. Chlorine gas will cause a burning sensation in the throat and chest pain. | In WW1 gas mask were used as a result of poison gas attacks. WW1 started the mass production of modern gas mask designed to protect soldiers from chemical attacks.
14: The 1914 machine gun was usually positioned on a tripod, It required a crew of four to six operators. They could fire 400-600 rounds per minute.They had the fire-power of 100 guns.
15: The People of World War 1 The soldiers, their leaders, and government officials played a large role in World War 1. Their actions and decisions fueled the war efforts.
16: Manfred Albrecht Von Richthofen was a German fighter.He was the most successful flying ace of WW1.He made 80 confirmed air combat victories and died while attempting to claim his 81st kill over enemy territory.His skill and red painted plane earned him international fame as 'The Red Baron'. His famous last word was 'kaput'.
17: Woodrow Wilson was elected President in 1912.He proved highly successful in leading a democratic congress. He had the first effective draft of 1917, set up the War Industries Board, and urged Congress to pass the Lever Act. He helped to create the Fourteen Point Plan and the Treaty of Versailles. He also created The League of Nations. Wilson called Congress to declare war on Germany which brought the US into WW1.
18: Of all the World War 1 leaders, Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm and his cousin, Czar Nicholas, tried to avoid entering World War 1 by sending telegrams but it didn't go well. They knew they had to fight sooner or later, so in 1914 they joined the Central Powers. They were defeated in 1918. Kaiser Wilhelm then surrendered his throne.
19: Alvin Cullum York (1887-1964) ended the First World War as one of America's most famous soldiers following a remarkable act of courage and coolness in October 1918.. He was known as the greatest American hero of World War One.Sergeant York took out a German machine gun and then led a small detachment who captured 132 German prisoners. In WW1 he was known for his sharp shooting.
20: While our boys were fighting overseas, American citizens were doing their part to help with the war effort. | War Efforts At Home
21: The first Selective Service Act of World War One was passed in May 1917, more than a month after the US had declared war against Germany and its allies.It authorized the Federal Government to raise a national army numbering in the hundreds of thousands in which to fight a modern war.The act provided for the registration of men aged 21 through 30. Registrants were evaluated physically and mentally.
22: Victory Gardens were also called War Gardens or Food Gardens for Defense.. In addition to indirectly aiding the war effort,, these gardens were also considered a civil morale booster. Gardeners could feel empowered by their contribution of labor and rewarded by the produce grown. Making Victory Gardens become a part of the daily life on the Home Front. They planted gardens in backyards, empty lots, and even city roof tops. Victory Gardens were a part of the "Hoooverizing Plan." People grew these gardens to help relieve stress on major crop growers. In WW1, the term "hooverizing" was used to describe efforts to increase efficiency in production for the war.
23: Liberty bonds were a war bond that was sold in the United States to support the allied cause in WW1. They were issued in 1917. Liberty Bonds helped solders get food, clothes, paper and pens, etc. An aggressive campaign was created by Secretary of the Treasury, William Gibbs Macadoo, to raise money from war supporting Americans by selling bonds. The government used famous artists to make posters and they used movie stars to host bond rallies. Subscribing to the bonds became a symbol of patriotic duty in the United States and introduced the idea of financial securities to many citizens for the first time . Through the selling of Liberty Bonds, the government raised $121.5 billion dollars for the war effort . Liberty Bonds are still used today.
24: The War Ends | After 4 years of fighting, the Great War finally came to an end. The casualties were numerous and family dynasties who had begun the war in positions of power were now nonexistent.
25: At 11 a.m on November ll, 1918, Germany and its allies signed a treaty that brought all hostilities to a stop. This is the treaty that ended WWI. November 11th is a national holiday for some nations. Americans call this day "Veteran's Day" as a remembrance of those who fought. Others call it "Armistice Day" or "ADay."
26: The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of WW1.It was signed on June 28, 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.The Treaty of Versailles was a document that was created mainly by three countries: Britain,France,and the USA. The treaty was fairly harsh on Germany,and some argued that it was one of the causes of the second world war.The treaty was signed at the Versailles Palace near Paris.The Versailles Palace was considered the most appropriate venue because of its size. The three important politicians that were there were David Lloyd George,Georges Clemenceau,and Woodrow Wilson.Although the treaty that ended the actual fighting was signed on November 11th, 1918, it took 6 months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to create an actual treaty.