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ABC Book

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ABC Book - Page Text Content

FC: ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features Max S. Hour 3

1: An atoll is a coral island that encircles a lagoon partially or completely. A famous atoll is the Bikini Atoll located in the Micronesian islands. | A

2: A bay is a large body of water connected to an ocean, formed by an inlet of land. A famous bay is the San Francisco bay located in San Francisco, USA | B

3: A canyon is a deep ravine in between cliffs. A famous canyon is the Grand Canyon in Arizona. | C

4: A desert is a landscape that receives little precipitation. A famous desert is the Sahara located in Africa. | D

5: An escarpment is a steep slope or long cliff. A famous escarpment is the Niagara escarpment in the United States and Canada. | E

6: A flood plain is a flat or nearly flat land across from a stream or river. A famous flood plain is the pantanal located in Egypt. | F

7: A gulf is a large bay that is an arm of an ocean. A famous gulf is the Gulf of Mexico located in the southern part of Mexico | G

8: A highland is a place where there is lots of mountains and other raised physical features. A famous highland is the Scottish highland located in Scotland. | H

9: An island is a piece of land surrounded by a body of water. Some famous islands are the Galapagos islands located in the Pacific Ocean. | I

10: A fJord is a long narrow inlet with steep sides. Some famous fjords are the fjords located in Norway. | J

11: A laKe is a body of water surrounded by land. A famous lake is Lake Superior located in Minnesota. | K

12: L | A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water. A famous lagoon is the Aitukaki lagoon on the Cook islands.

13: M | A mouth of a river is the part of the river that flows into a different body of water. A famous river mouth is the Hudson river mouth in New York.

14: N | A mouNtain is a raised portion of land caused by plate movement. A famous mountain is Mount Everest located in Nepal.

15: O | An ocean is a body of saltine water that composes a large part of a planet's surface. A famous ocean is the Atlantic Ocean inbetween the USA and Europe.

16: P | A plain is land with relatively low relief. Some fun facts about plains are that the base of the Great Plains was formed when plates welded together, and mountain erosion continues to blow debris onto the plains.

17: An aQuifer is an underground layer of water. Aquifers are water filled pores in the earth. And they can be small or huge underground lakes. | Q

18: A rain forest is a dense forest that gets lots of rain annually. Rain forests are home to 40% to 70% of all biotic species. Another fact is there has been millions of estimated plants in rain forests. | R

19: A savanna is a grassland ecosystem characterized by the trees being very spread out. Savannas cover one fifth of the Earth's surface. Savannas harbor the largest mammal herbivore biodiversity. | S

20: A tundra is a biome where tree growth is hindered by low temperatures. Tundra is the coldest of all biomes. Tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturi meaning treeless plain. | T

21: A plateaU is an area of highland usually consisting of relatively flat land. The biggest plateau on Earth is the Tibetan Plateau. The Grand Canyon is chiseled from the Colorado Plateau. | U

22: A valley is a depression inbetween two highlands. Rivers make most valleys. Valleys are most always V or U shaped. | V

23: A waterfall is a place where water falls over a vertical drop into a body of water. | W

24: A geYser is a spring where water shoots out very fast or sudden. | Y

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  • By: Maxwell S.
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  • Title: ABC Book
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