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ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features

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ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features - Page Text Content

S: Seasons of Change

FC: ABC book of Earth's Physical Features | Sydney D | Hour 1/Homeroom

1: Atoll | An Atoll is a ring shaped reef, island, or chain of islands formed of coral. | Example: The Bikini Atoll is in the Pacific Ocean. | Statistic: Spongebob is supposedly living under the Bikini Atoll, also known as Bikini Bottom(:

2: Bay | A bay is a broad inlet of the sea where the land curves inward. | Example: San Diego Bay in San Diego, California. | Statistic: San Diego Bay's commercial port has two container ship facilities (one for refrigerated containers) and a cruise ship terminal.

3: Canyon | A Canyon is a deep gorge, typically one with a river flowing through it, as found in North America. | Example: Grand Canyon | Statistic: The entire Grand Canyon is essentially tilted: the northern rim is 1200 ft higher than the southern rim.

4: Desert | A desert is a dry, barren area of land. | Example: Sonoran Desert | Statistic: Over one-third of land in Australia is desert.

5: Escarpment | An escarpment is a long steep slope. | Example: Elgeyo escarpment

6: Flood Plain | A food plain is an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding. | Example: Missouri river floodplain | Statistic: Floodplains often support important wildlife habitat and are frequently used by humans as recreation areas.

7: Glacier | A glacier is a slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the poles. | Example: There are glaciers located in almost every country. | Statistic: Most of the world's glacial ice is found in Antarctica and Greenland, but glaciers are found on nearly every continent, even Africa.

8: Highlands | The highlands are area of high or mountainous land. | Example: The Scottish Highlands

9: Island | An Island is a piece of land surrounded by water. | Example: Balboa Island, CA

10: Fjord | A Fjord is a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs. | Example: The Fjords of Norway

11: Lake | A lake is a large body of water surrounded by land. | Example: Irogami Lake, Wautoma, WI

12: Lagoon | A Lagoon is a stretch of salt water separated from the sea by a low sandbank or coral reef. | Example: The Blue Lagoon, Iceland

13: Marsh | A marsh is an area of low-lying land that is flooded in wet seasons or at high tide, and typically remains waterlogged at all times. | Example: The everglades is a very famous main marsh of Florida.

14: Mountain | A Mountain is a large natural elevation of the earth's surface rising abruptly from the surrounding level; a large steep hill. | Example: Mount Everest

15: Ocean | An ocean is a very large expanse of sea. | Example: Indian Ocean

16: Plain | A Plain is a large area of flat land with few trees.

17: Aquifer | An aquifer is body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.

18: RIver | A River is a large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or another stream.

19: Savanna | A savanna is a grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees.

20: Tundra | A Tundra is a vast, flat, treeless Arctic region of Europe, Asia, and North America in which the subsoil is permanently frozen.

21: Plateau | A Plateau is a area of fairly level high ground.

22: Valley | A valley is a low area of land between hills or mountains, typically with a river or stream flowing through it.

23: Waterfall | A waterfall is a cascade of water falling from a height, formed when a river or stream flows over a precipice or steep incline.

24: A geyser is a jet or stream of liquid. | Geyser

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