FC: ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features | Created By: Kyla Haas 2nd Hr
1: Atoll | An atoll is a ring shaped reef,island, or chain of islands formed of coral. | Physical Feature - The Johnston Atoll is a 1.03 sq mi atoll in the North Pacific Ocean.
2: Basin | Basin is natural depression on the earth's surface, typically containing water | Physical Features - The Great Basin, it's located in Nevada, is is also a national park.
3: Canyon | Canyons are deep gorges, typically one with a river through it, as found in North America. | Physical Features - The Grand Canyon is located in Arizona. | Fun Facts - There are different types of canyons, box canyon, Slot canyons and submarine canyons. Canyons are found throughout the world and many are popular sites for hiking, rafting, camping or simple admiration.
4: Desert | A Desert is a dry, barren area of land, covered with sand, it is mostly waterless and barely has vegetation. | Physical Features - The Mojave Desert occupies a significant portion of southeastern California.
5: Escarpment | An escarpment is a long, steep slope, it's at a ledge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights. | Physical Features- The Niagara Escarpment is a long escarpment, or cuesta, in the United States and Canada.
6: Flood Plain | A flood plain is an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and is a subject to flooding. | Physical Feature - Paraná River Floodplain, at its confluence with the Verde River, in Brazil. | Fun Facts - The Ohio and the Mississippi, where they have a width up to 80 mi (130 km) and in Anaheim, approximately 600 properties encompassing 544 acres are located within a designated floodplain.
7: Glacier | A glacier is a slow moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the poles | Physical Features- Glacier National Park is located in the U.S. state of Montana. | Fun Facts -When ice breaks off from the face of a glacier, it is called calving. This is how Icebergs are formed and The 76 mile-long Hubbard Glacier is the longest tidewater glacier in North America.
8: Highlands | Highlands are an area of high or mountainous land. | Physical Features - The Highlands are a historic region of Scotland. The area is sometimes referred to as the "Scottish Highlands".
9: Island | An island is a piece of land surrounded by water. | Physical Features - Mackinac Island is an island and resort area covering 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) in land area, part of the U.S. state of Michigan. | Fun Facts - There are over 100,000 islands on earth and many islands are tropical and many are covered in ice.
10: Fjord | An Fjord is a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs, typically formed by submergence of a glaciated valley.
11: Lake | A lake is a large body of water surrounded by land. | Physical Features - Lake Superior is the largest of the five traditionally demarcated Great Lakes of North America | Fun Facts - Lake superior is on of the largest freshwater lake sin the world, one inch of surface water is equal to 553 billion gallons and Minnesota is the Land of 10000 lakes
12: Lagoon | A lagoon is a stretch of salt water separated from the sea by low sandbank or coral reef | Physical Features - The Indian River Lagoon is a restricted type lagoon (Smith 1987, 1990), it's located on the Atlantic Coast of Florida.
13: Marsh | A marsh is an area of low-lying land that is flooded in wet seasons or at high tide, and typically remains waterlogged at all times. | Physical Features - A salt marsh on the Northumberland Plain, Nova Scotia, Canada. | Fun Facts - They are home to almost 600 species of plants, animals, insects and there are two kinds of marsh: freshwater marshes and saltwater marshes.
14: Mountain | A mountain is a large natural elevation of the earth's surface rising abruptly from the surrounding level; a large steep hill | Physical Features - Mount Everest is the Earth's highest mountain, with a peak at 8,848 metres above sea level. It is located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas. | Fun Facts - There are five basic kinds of mountains: fold Mountains ,fault-block mountains, dome mountains, volcanic mountains, and plateau mountains. More than half of the world’s fresh water originates in mountains, and all the world’s major rivers are fed from mountain sources.
15: An ocean is a very large expanse of sea | Ocean | Physical Feature - There are five oceans Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern and #the Arctic ocean.
16: Prairie | A prairie is a large open area of grassland
17: Aquifer | An aquifer is a body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.
18: Rain Forest | A rain forest is a luxuriant, dense forest rich in biodiversity, found typically in tropical areas with consistently heavy rainfall. | Physical Features- The Amazon Rain forest, also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest that covers most of the Amazon Basin of South America
19: Savanna | A savanna is a grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees.
20: Tundra | A tundra is a vast, flat, treeless Arctic region of Europe, Asia, and North America in which the subsoil is permanently frozen.
21: Plateau | A plateau is an area of relatively level high ground.
22: Volcano | A volcano is a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are or have been erupted from the earth's crust. | Physical Features - The Yellowstone Caldera is the volcanic caldera located in Yellowstone National Park in the United States, sometimes referred to as the Yellowstone Super volcano.
23: Waterfall | A waterfall is a cascade of water falling from a height, formed when a river or stream flows over a precipice or steep incline.
24: Geyser | A geyser is a hot spring in which water intermittently boils, sending a tall column of water and steam into the air.