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ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features

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ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features - Page Text Content

FC: Book of Earth's Physical Features | by: Grace E. 2nd hour

1: Atoll | Famous atoll: The lighthouse reef located in the Belizian waters. | An atoll is a ring-shaped coral reef or a string of closely spaced coral islands, enclosing or nearly enclosing a shallow lagoon.

2: A bay is a body of water forming an indentation of the shoreline. | Bay | Famous bay: The Chesapeake Bay, located by Maryland and Virginia

3: A canyon is a valley with steep sides. | Canyon | Famous Canyon: The Grand Canyon

4: A desert is a region with little rainfall and widely spaced vegetation. | Desert | Famous desert: The Sahara Desert, located in northern Africa

5: Escarpment | An escarpment is a long clifflike ridge of land, rock, or the like, commonly formed by faulting or fracturing of the Earth's crust. | Famous escarpment: The Niagara Escarpment located in Niagara Falls.

6: A flood plain is a nearly flat plain along the coarse of a stream or river that is naturally subject to flooding. | Flood Plain | Famous floodplain: Bachadeitaha in South Africa

7: A glacier is a huge piece of ice that forms landforms. | Glacier | 10% of the Earth is covered in glaciers. | Glaciers are fresh water.

8: Highlands | A highland is a region with a lot of mountains. | Famous highland: Scottish Highlands located in Scotland.

9: An island is land surrounded by water. | Island | There are more than 100,000 islands on Earth. | The most populated island is Java, Indonesia. | Famous island: Easter Island located in the southeastern Pacific Ocean.

10: Fjord | A fjord is a long narrow arm of the sea bordered by cliffs.

11: Lake | A lake is a body of fresh water. | Minnesota is the land of 10,000 lakes. | Famous lake: Lake Superior located in Minnesota and Canada.

12: Lagoon | A lagoon is an area of shallow water separated from the sea by sandy dunes,

13: Marsh | A marsh is a tract of low wet land, characterized by a growth of grasses, sedges, and rushes.

14: A mountain is a natural elevation, rising more or lees abruptly to a summit, and having a greater altitude of a hill. | MouNtain | Famous mountains: The Rocky Mountains located in the Western United States.

15: Ocean | An ocean is a body of water that is salt. | The oceans are the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and the Arctic oceans. | The largest ocean is the Pacific.

16: A prairie is an extensive, almost treeless tract of land in the Mississippi valley. | Prairie | Prairies once covered 40% of the United States. | Prairies formed about 8,000 years ago.

17: An aquifer is any formation containing ground water. | AQuifer

18: A river is a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course of diverging and converging channels. | River | The longest river is the Nile River. | Most major cities are located by rivers. | Famous river: The Amazon River located in Brazil

19: Savanna | A savanna is a plain characterized by coarse grasses and scattered tree growth. | Famous savanna: the Serengeti located in Africa

20: A tundra is a treeless plain of the Arctic region. | Tundra | Tundras are one of the coldest places on the planet. | Polar bears live in the tundra.

21: PlateaU | A plateau is land having a relatively level surface considerably raised above adjoining land on at least, one side, and often cut by deep canyons. | Famous plateau: The Roan Plateau located in Western Colorado

22: A volcano is a mountain or hill, having a crater at the summit, formed around such a vent from the ash and lava expelled through it. | Volcano | Famous volcano: Mount Saint Helens located in Washington.

23: Waterfall | A waterfall is a steep fall of water in a watercourse from a height. | Famous waterfall: Niagara Falls located in the border between America and Canada.

24: Geyser | A geyser is a hot spring that sends up fountain-like jets of water into the air. | Old Faithful is located in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming.

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  • By: Grace E.
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  • Title: ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features
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