S: ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features
FC: ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features | Anita G | Geo 1st Hour
1: Archipelago is an expanse of water that has many small, scattered islands. The islands are usually considered to be the same land mass. Examples of an archipelago are Hawaii or the Virgin Islands. | A archipelago in Western Australia. | archipelago | FAMOUS
2: BUTTE | A butte is an isolated hill with steep and narrow sides. It also has a flat surface on the top. It is very similar to a mesa, but a mesa is less narrower. Because of its narrowness, the butte causes the towns surrounding it to erode faster. | FUN FACT!!:!!! Comes from a French word, meaning "small hill" | Scotts Bluff, Nebraska
3: A canyon is a deep ravine between one or more cliffs that is sometimes carved to improve the landscape. Most forming of canyons was because of erosion from plateau level over time. The most famous canyon is located in Arizona. It is the Grand Canyon and is one of the most visited attractions in the world!!!!!!!!!!! | The Grand Canyon | Canyon
4: Desert | The Gobi Desert | Fact: Camels are called "the ship of the desert" because they can cross the whole desert! | A desert is a barren dry land covered with sand. It is very dry and hot because there is barely 10 inches of rain each year. However, at night it can be very cold. That is why all animals living there only come out at night. The best way to travel across a desert is on camels. The prominent deserts are Sahara Desert in Africa and the Gobi Desert in China.
5: An escarpment in South Africa | Escarpment | A long cliff or steep slope that is caused by faulting and erosion. It separates two areas of different elevation. An example of escarpment is the north face of San Jacinto Mountains in California,
6: Flood Plain | A flood plain is a flat or nearly flat land adjacent to a stream or a river which is flooded during periods of high discharge. This land is the first place to be affected during a flood, along with flood ways and flood fringe. | Sections of land along the Missouri River are also flood plains. | One of the well known Flood Plains is located in Snow Mountains, Alaska. | FUN Fact: Rivers with the most flood plains are the Nile, Ganges, Danube, and Po, which are great places for agriculture.
7: The Persian Gulf | Gulf | A gulf is a deep ravine or inlet of the sea surrounded by land, forming a narrow mouth. Most famous ones are the Persian Gulf, located in southern Iran and the gulf of Mexico, below Louisiana, USA, | On April 20, 2012 an oil rig, off the coast of Louisiana, exploded causing the death of 11 crew members. This also resulted the Louisiana Oil Spill that killed many animals. | Gulf of Mexico
8: A Highland is an area with high elevation or mountainous land. Usually while standing near the edge, the whole city could be seen. Most highlands are found in areas with plains and plateaus. Two of the most famous highlands are the New Jersey High Point located in New Jersey, and the Cameron Highlands in Malaysia. | High Land | New Jersey High Point
9: An island is a piece of land, smaller than a continent, completely surrounded by water. Some islands are the result of underwater volcanoes' eruption. Also, because of eruptions, some might go underwater. | FUN FACT : *Greenland is the largest island in the world. *Most populated island in the world is Java, Indonesia and has 130 million people. * Over 70% of the world's extinction happened on islands. | Island | Angelo's island
10: Fjord | A long and narrow arm of the sea, bordered by steep cliffs that sometimes cause glacier erosions. Most common places you could find fjord are the coast of Norway and the Island of Greenland. | Skelton Inlet in Antarctica—: 1,933 m (6,342 ft) Sognefjord in Norway—: 1,308 m (4,291 ft) Messier Channel in Chile—: 1,288 m (4,226 ft) | Statistic
11: Lake | A lake is a body of water surrounded by land, and is connected to a river, stream, or other form of moving water. Some people think that lakes are inlet of water from the ocean, but they are actually inland. They are also larger and deeper than ponds. | Lake superior | There are 187,888 lakes in Finland
12: Blue Lagoon, Iceland | Lagoon | A lagoon is shallow body of water separated from A sea or ocean by barrier islands or reefs | FACT: many lagoons are thought to be haunted, especially in hawaii.
13: Marsh | A marsh is a wetland that is filled with plants and herbs. The can be found at the edge of river and streams. | Salt marsh in Scotland | Acreage in 1990 Greenwich: Tidal Flat - 64.35 Beach - 2.84 Low Marsh - 12.35 High Marsh - 20.40 Open Water - 14.79 Aquatic Bed - 3.41
14: Mountain | A mountain is a natural, large elevation of Earth's surface that is higher than its surroundings. Mountains also form underwater, and are caused by tectonic plate movements or volcano eruptions.The highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest in the Himalaya Mountains. | Height of the 5 Largest Mountains Mount Everest:29,029 ft K2 / Qogir / Godwin Austen;28,251 ft Kangchenjunga;28,169 ft Lhotse ; 27,940 ft Makalu ; 27,838
15: An oasis is an isolated area in the desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source. Oasis also provide habitat for animals and even humans if the area is big enough. | Oasis | Nizwa Desert Oasis, Oman
16: Peninsula | A peninsula is a piece of land with water on 3 sides. It is connected to the mainland by only one path. In Germanic and Celtic languages, they are called "half-islands". | Giens Peninsula, France
17: Aquifer | An aquifer is a body of saturated rock in which water could easily flow. It is underground and carries a layer of water with rock or unconsolidated materials like gravel, sand, or silt.
18: RainForest | FUN FACT : Around 40% to 75% of all biotic species are indigenous to the rainforests | A rainforest is a forest with high amount of rainfall, and are found in tropical areas. A lot of insects, birds, and other animals' habitat is the rainforest. They are also known as the "world's largest pharmacy" because many natural medicines where found there. | Costa Rica Rainforest
19: Sea | A sea is a large body of water that may be connected with an ocean or may be a large lake that, like the Caspian Sea, lacks a natural outlet. The most famous seas are Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, and the Caspian Sea.
20: Tributary | A tributary is a stream or river that flows into a river or a lake, but does not flow directly into a sea or ocean. they also help during a flood by leading the water out of the area.
21: Plateau | A Plateau is an area of highland, usually one that consists flat terrains. Plateaus are usually caused by volcanic eruptions or water and glacier erosion.
22: Volcano | A volcano is opening in a planet's surface or crust, which allows hot magma and gases to escape from below the surface. Some eruptions might result new islands, or destroy one.
23: Waterfall | Fact: The Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe are known locally as "Mosi oa Tunya" which means `the smoke that thunders". | A waterfall is a cliff where water drops from a height, usually when a river or stream flows over a precipice or steep incline. Angel Falls in Venezuela is the world's tallest waterfall at 979 m (3,212 ft)
24: Geyser | MO 70 of 700 geysers are in Yellowstone and discharge 70 million gallons of water. | A Geyser is a spring that erupts suddenly and water ejects turbulently long with steam. This is because of hydrogeological conditions, which exist in only a few places on Earth, so they are not a common thing to happen. | FUN FACT : There are around 700 geysers in the world and they exist in every continent, except Antarctica.