FC: ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features Allison R Hour 2
1: Atoll - A ring-shaped, island,or chain of islands formed by coral. Example - Rangiroa, witch is located northeast of Tahiti. Fun Fact - Rangiroas is one of the largest atolls in the world. Atolls are formed when corals grow on underwater volcanoes just below the surface of the water.
2: A basin is a natural depression on the Earth's surface. Example - The Kalacari basin is located in southern Africa. Fun Fact - The Kalacari basin has a total extent of about 350,000 square miles. The Great Basin National Park has some of the oldest trees in the world | B a s i n
3: Cape | A cape is a pointed piece of land that sticks out into a sea, river, lake, or ocean. Example - Good Hope cape is located in Africa. Fun Fact - Good Hope plays an important role in South African history as a stopping point for trading ships sailing between Europe and European colonies in the east. The Northern Cape is by far the largest province.
4: D e l t a | A Delta is when a river diverges into several outlets. Example - The Amazon river, witch is located in Brazil.
5: Escarpment | An escarpment is a long, steep, slope. Example - The escarpment Kaimai is located in New Zealand. Fun Fact - Kaimai separates the Waikato in the west from the Bay of Plenty in the east. Ontario's Niagara Escarpment is one of Canada's foremost scenic landforms.
6: F l o o d P l a i n | A flood plain is an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding.
7: A glacier is a slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains. Example - Paraná River is located in Brazil. Fun Fact - When ice breaks off from the face of a glacier, it is called calving. Approximately 10 percent of the Earth is covered by glaciers. Glacier ice is the largest reservoir of fresh water on the planet. | G l a c i e r
8: Highlands | Highlands are areas of high mountain lands.
9: Island | An island is a piece of land surrounded by water. Example - Hawaii, there are seven major Hawaiian islands. Fun Fact - Hawaii is the widest state in the United States. There are over 100,000 islands on earth. Many islands are tropical and many are covered in ice.
10: Fjord | A Fjord is a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs. Example - Gibbs, located in Canada. Fun Fact - Norway contains the largest number of fjords. Naeroj fjord is the narrowest fjord on Earth.
11: Lakes | A lake is a large body surrounded by land. Example - Lake Albert is located in Africa.
12: L a g o o n | A lagoon is a stretch of salt water separated from the sea by a low sandbank or coral reef.
13: Marsh | A marsh is an area of low-lying land that is flooded in wet seasons or at high tide.
14: Mountain | A mountain is a large natural elevation of the earth's surface Example - Mount Carmel located in Israel
15: Ocean | An ocean is a very large expanse of sea. Example - The Arctic ocean surrounds the North Pole.
16: A plain is a surface that is flat or rolling. | Plain
17: A q u i f e r | An aquifer is a body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater. Example - Ada-Vamoosa is an aquifer located in Oklahoma.
18: Rainforest | A rainforest is a luxuriant, dense forest rich in biodiversity, found typically in tropical areas with consistently heavy rainfall. Example - The Amazon rainforest is located in Brazil.
19: Sea | A sea is the expanse of salt water that covers most of the earth's surface. Example - The Back sea is located by Europe.
20: tundra - | A tundra is a vast, flat, treeless area.
21: P l a t e a u | A plateau is an area of relatively level high ground. Example - Roan is located in western Colorado.
22: V o l c a n o s | A volcano is a hill with a crater or vent that lava,rock fragments, and hot vapor come out of.
23: Waterfall | A waterfall is a cascade of water falling from a height, formed when a river or stream flows over a precipice or steep incline.
24: G e y s e r | A geyser is a hot spring in which water intermittently boils, sending a tall column of water and steam into the air.