FC: hour: 1 | By: Gabrielle Vetter | ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features
1: Fun Fact - Most of the world's coral atolls are in the Pacific Ocean. | Definition - a ring-shaped reef, island, or chains of islands formed of coral. | Atoll
2: Definition- a broad inlet of sea where the land curves inward. | Fun Fact - Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the Unites States. | Bay
3: Fun Fact - Canyons are found throughout the world and many are popular sites for hiking, rafting, camping, or simple admiration. | Canyon | Definition - a deep gorge, typically one with a river flowing through it, as found in North America.
4: Desert | Fun Fact - The amount of precipitation in the desert is less than enough to support the growth of most plants. | Definition - a dry barren area of land.
5: Escarpment | Definition - a long, steep slope, esp. one at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights. | Fun Fact - The Escarpment is a massive ridge fossil-rich sedimentary rock which began its formation 450 million years ago.
6: Definition - an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding. | Fun Fact- floodplains contain such features levees, back-swamps, delta plains, and oxbow lakes. | Flood Plain
7: Glacier | Fun Fact- When ice breaks off of the face of a glacier, it is called calving. That is how icebergs are formed. | Definition- A slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the pole.
8: Definition - an area of high or mountainous land. | Highlands | Fun Fact - There are games and cattle named after the Highlands.
9: Definition - a piece of land surrounded by water. | Fun Fact - There are over 100,000 islands on earth. | Island
10: Fun Fact - There are many fjord's in Norway. | Definition - a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs, as in Norway and Iceland, typically formed by submergence of a glaciated valley. | fjord
11: Fun Fact - Minnesota is the home of 10,000 lakes. | lake | Definition - a large body of water surrounded by land.
12: Lagoon | Fun Fact - The Blue Lagoon is located in the Reykjanes peninsula in Iceland. It's the world's only point where a deep sea ridge is coming onto the shore. | Definition - a stretch of salt water separated from the sea by a low sandbank or coral reef.
13: Marsh | Definition - an area of low- lying land that is flooded in wet seasons or at high tide, and typically remains waterlogged at all times. | Fun Fact - There are two kinds of marsh: freshwater and saltwater.
14: Fun Fact - It is thought 8 and 12% of the world's population live in the mountains. | Definition - a large natural elevation of earth's surface rising abruptly from the surrounding level. | mountain
15: Fun Fact - Oceans make up 70% of the earth's surface. | Ocean | Definition - a very large expanse of sea, in particular, each of the main areas into which the sea is divided geographically.
16: Plain | Definition - A large area of flat with few trees.
17: definition - a body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater. | aQuifer
18: Definition - a large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or another such stream. | river
19: Sea | Definition - the expanse of salt water that covers most of the earth's surface and surrounds its landmasses.
20: Tundra | Definition - a vast, flat, treeless, Arctic region of Europe, Asia, and North America in which the subsoil is permanently frozen.
21: Plateau | Definition - an area of relatively level high ground.
22: Volcano | Definition -a mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent, through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are or have been erupted from the earth's crust.
23: Waterfall | Definition - a cascade of water falling from a height, formed when a river or stream flows over a precipice or steep incline.
24: geYser | definition - a hot spring in which water intermittently boils, sending a column of water and steam into the air.