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ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features

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ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features - Page Text Content

FC: ABC book of earth's physical features | Mitchell B 5

1: Atoll- circular reef or string of coral islands surrounding a lagoon

2: Bay- a broad inlet of the sea where the land curves inward. | San Francisco Bay San Francisco

3: Canyon- A deep gorge Fun Facts Three types of canyons Box, Slot, Submarine Canyons are found on every continent. Fun Facts Canyon are cut out by erosion. | Grand Canyon Arizona

4: Desert- a dry barren land Fun Facts The largest desert is the Sahara desert Deserts generally get 12 in. of rain each year | Sahara Desert

5: Escarpment- A long steep slope.

6: Floodplain- An area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river

7: Glacier- A slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the poles Fun Facts 3/4 of water in Alaska is stored as glacial ice. Largest glacier in North America is the Hubbard Glacier. | Hubbard Glacier

8: Highlands- An area of high or mountainous land

9: Island- An area of land surrounded by water. | Galapagos Islands | Fun Facts There are over 100,000 islands on Earth. Greenland is considered the largest island in the world

10: Fjord - A long narrow inlet of the sea between high cliffs as in Norway and Iceland typically formed by a submergence of a glaciated valley

11: Lake- A large body of water surrounded by land | Lake Superior | Fun Facts The largest lake is on Saturn's Moon Titan and the largest lake on Earth is the Caspian Sea.

12: Lagoon- A stretch of salt water separated from the sea by a low sandbank or coral reef

13: Marsh- An area of low-lying land that is flooded in wet seasons or at high tide, and typically remains water logged at all times

14: Mountains- A large natural elevation of Earth's surface rising abruptly from the surrounding level; a large steep hill. | Mt. Everest is the highest mountain above sea level and was first climbed in 1953

15: Ocean- A very large expanse of sea, in particular, each of the main areas into which the sea is divided geographically | Atlantic Ocean

16: Prairie - A large open area of grassland | North American Prairie

17: Aquifer - A body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater

18: River - A large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or other stream | Mississippi River

19: Strait - A narrow passage of water connecting two seas or two large areas of water | Sunda Strait

20: Tundra - A vast, flat, treeless Arctic region of Europe, Asia, and North America in which the subsoil is permanently frozen.

21: Plateau - An area of fairly level high ground | Colorado Plateau

22: Volcano - A mountain or hill typically conical having a crater or vent through which lava ,rock fragments , hot vapor, and gas are or have been | Mount St Helens | Fun Facts In the Middle Ages people believed that volcanoes were entrances to the fiery underworld.In the past 400 years 0.25 million people have been killed by volcanoes

23: Waterfall - A cascade of water falling from a height, formed when a river or stream flows over a precipice or steep incline. | Yosemite Falls

24: Geyser - A hot spring in which water intermittently boils, sending a tall column of water and steam into the air | Old Faithful

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  • By: Mitchell B.
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  • Title: ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features
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