FC: ABC BOOK OF EARTH'S PHYSICAL FEATURES By Matt D. 3rd Hour
1: A is for Atoll. | An atoll is a ring shaped reef, island, or chain of islands formed of coral.
2: B is for Bay. | A bay is a large body of water connected to an ocean or sea formed by an inlet of land which blocks some of the waves, and often reduces the wind levels. Example: Bay of Bengal, in South Asia
3: C is for Canyon. A canyon is a large, deep ravine between cliffs that are carved from a river's landscape. Example: The Grand Canyon in Arizona Fun Facts: - It was carved by the Colorado River over a period of 17 million years - It is 277 miles long, up to 18 miles wide and deeper than a mile - It is a popular tourist attraction and I have been there
4: D is for Desert. A desert is a land of sand with a small amount of planet life. Example: The Sahara Desert in Africa Fun Facts: - Sahara Desert is located in N. Africa - It covers 3.5 million square miles which is 10% of Africa - It is one of the hottest regions in the world.
5: E is for Escarpment. An escarpment is a steep slope or long cliff that occurs from erosion or faulting and separates two relatively level areas of differing elevations. Example: Cumberland Plateau,Tennessee
6: F is for Flood Plain. A flood plain is a area of low lying ground to a river.
7: G is for Gulf. A Gulf is a large bay that is an arm of a ocean or sea. Example: Gulf of Mexico Fun Facts: - Gulf of Mexico is located in the southeastern corner of N. America - It covers about 600,000 square miles. - It supports $20 billion in tourism each year with it's shores and beaches.
8: H is for Highlands. A highland is a land on tall or small mountains.
9: I is for Island. An island is a small part of land surrounded by water. Example: Florida Keys
10: J is for Fjord. A fjord is a long narrow inlet with steep sides. Example: Geirangerfjord, Norway Fun Facts: - It is one of Norway's most visited tourist sites - There are 2 large waterfalls that fall into it (The Seven Sisters and The Suitor) - There is a constant threat of rock slides which could cause tunamis
11: K is for Lake. A lake is a large pond or large puddle of water. Example: Oeschinenchin Lake, Swiss Alps
12: L is for Lagoon. A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water.
13: M is for Marsh. A marsh is a type of wetland that is at the edges of lakes and streams. Example: Salt Marsh, Scotland Fun Facts: - The Salt Marsh is found in 2 areas of Scotland: The Solway Firth and the Moray Firth - It makes up 15% of British resources - Many people come to visit the Salt Marshes from around the world. It is a tourist attraction.
14: N is for Mountain. A mountain is a large land form that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area. Example: Chimborazo, Ecuador
15: O is for Ocean. An ocean is a large body of water that takes up most of the Earth. Example: Atlantic Ocean Fun Facts: - The Atlantic Ocean is the 2nd largest in the world, and covers 1/5 of the Earth's surface - The average depth is 10,950 feet - It's name comes from Greek Mythology and means "Sea of Atlas"
16: P is for Plain. A plain is a flat landmark of grass and trees. Examples: Great Plains, North America
17: Q is for Aquifer. An aquifer is an underground layer of water filled with unconsolidated materials. Example: Great Artesian Basin, Australia
18: R is for Reef. A reef is a rock, sandbar lying beneath the surface of the water. Example: Sula Sea, Phillipines Fun Facts: - 30-50% of the Sula Sea Reef was damaged by bottom trawling by fishermen (dragging nets along the reef) - It is made up of many kinds of deep water corals.
19: S is for Savanna. A Savanna is a grassland where the trees are either small or spread further apart so that the canopy does not close allowing the sunshine to reach the ground.
20: T is for Tundra. A tundra is a flat land with low temperatures. Example: Arctic Tundra
21: U is for Plateau. A plateau is a high plain. Example: Canyonlands National Park
22: V is for Volcano. A volcano is an opening in the Earth's surface which allows hot magma (lava) and gases to escape from below the surface of the Earth. Example: Cleveland Volcano, Aleutian Islands
23: W is for Waterfall. A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop in the course of a stream or river. Example: Angel Falls, Venezuela
24: Y is for Geyser. A geyser is a place where water is ejected out of the bottom of the Earth's surface. Example: Strokkur Geyser, Iceland