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ABC Book of the Earth's Physical Features

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ABC Book of the Earth's Physical Features - Page Text Content


BC: is for Geyser | A geyser is a hot spring in which water intermittently boils, sending a tall column of water and steam into the air. | A famous geyser is Castle Geyser, in Yellowstone National Park.

FC: ALPHABET BOOK | ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features Elizabeth P. Geography1

1: is for atoll | An atoll is a chain of islands in the shape of a ring formed of coral. The Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean is famous for its use as a testing ground for atomic and hydrogen bombs.

2: is for bay | A place in the Ocean where the land curves inward. | A famous bay is San Francisco Bay is San Francisco.

3: is for Canyon | A canyon is a deep jagged hole in the ground formed by glaciers. A famous canyon is called the Grand Canyon in Arizona.

4: is for Desert | A desert is a place where it is hot and dry all year round. | The Sahara Desert is a famous desert in Africa.

5: is for Escarpment | An Escarpment is a steep slope at one edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights. A fun fact about escarpments is that the Escarpment is the most diverse region in the province of Niagara.

6: is for Flood Plain | A Flood Plain is a low plain connected to a river that is formed mainly of river sediment and is subject to flooding. | A fun fact about flood plains are that they often support important wildlife habitats and are frequently used by humans as recreation areas.

7: is for Glacier | A Glacier is a large, slow moving mass of ice formed of by the accumulation and compaction of snow. | A fun fact about glaciers is glaciers are found is 47 countries.

8: is for Highlands | A highland is an area of high land. A fun fact is there are at least 53 "minor civil divisions" in the United States known as the "Township of Highland.".

9: is for Island | An island is a piece of land surrounded by water and is usually made by volcanoes. | A famous island is the Hawaii Islands.

10: is for Fjord | A fjord is a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs. | A fun fact is that western Norway is famous for it's fjords.

11: is for Lake | A lake is a big body of water surrounded by land. | A famous lake is a lake in Loch Ness Scotland and is famous for it's monster named Nessie.

12: is for Lagoon | A Lagoon is a stretch of salt water separated from the sea by a low sandbank or coral reef. A famous lagoon is Chuuk lagoon.

13: is for Marsh | Marsh is an area of low-lying land that is flooded in wet seasons or at high tide. A fun fact is that reeds and rushes grow where it is least salty in a saltwater marsh.

14: is for mountain | A mountain is a large natural elevation of the Earth's surface rising sharply from the surrounding level. A famous mountain is Mount Everest.

15: is for Ocean | An ocean is a very large expanse of sea, in particular, each of the main areas into which the sea is divided geographically. A famous ocean is the Pacific ocean.

16: is for plain | A plain is a large area of flat land with few trees. A fun fact about the plains is that Native Americans used to live on the plains in North America and some where called Plain Indians.

17: is for Aquifer | An aquifer is a body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater. A famous aquifer is the Lower Portneuf River Municipal Aquifer. A fun fact about it is that it's surface area is about 350 million square feet.

18: is for Rainforest | A rainforest is a dense forest rich in biodiversity, found typically in tropical areas with heavy rainfall year round. A famous rainforest is the Amazon rainforest.

19: is for Savanna | A savanna is a grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees. A famous savanna is the Serengeti savanna in Africa.

20: is for Tundra | A tundra is a flat, treeless Arctic region of in which the subsoil is permanently frozen. | A famous tundra is th Arctic Tundra in the northern lands of Europe, Asia, and North America.

21: is for Plateau | A plateau is an area of relatively level high ground. A famous plateau is the Colorado Plateau.

22: is for Volcano | A volcano is a mountain or hill, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock, fragments, hot vapor, and gas are or have been erupted from the Earth's crust.

23: is for Waterfall | A waterfall is a cascade of water falling from a height, formed when a river or stream flows over a precipice or steep incline.

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  • By: Elizabeth P.
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  • Title: ABC Book of the Earth's Physical Features
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