FC: ABC'S of Alcohol! By: Kayce Meadows
1: Alcohol Abuse | Alcohol Abuse is a disease that is characterized by the sufferer having a pattern of drinking excessively despite the negative effects of alcohol on the individual's work, medical, legal, educational, and/or social.
2: Breathalyzer | A Breathalyzer is a device for estimating blood alcohol content (BAC) from a breath sample.
3: Cancer | Alcohol is associated with an increased risk of a number of cancers. 3.6% of all cancer cases and 3.5% of cancer deaths worldwide are attributable to consumption of alcohol. Breast cancer in women is linked with alcohol intake. Alcohol also increases the risk of cancers of the mouth, esophagus, pharynx and larynx.
4: Drinking Problem's | Alcoholism is a broad term for problems with alcohol, and is generally used to mean compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcoholic beverages, usually to the detriment of the drinker's health, personal relationships, and social standing.
5: Etherification | To form an ester from alcohol and a carboxylic acid the reaction, known as Fischer esterification, is usually performed at reflux with catalyst of concentrated sulfuric acid.
6: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome | Another consequence of alcohol use is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). Inside the mother, a fetus is fed through the placenta. Because alcohol passes easily through the placenta, every time the mother drinks alcohol, the developing fetus gets a dose of alcohol. Alcohol disrupts normal brain development.
7: Groups | In a support group, members provide each other with various types of help, usually nonprofessional and nonmaterial, for a particular shared, usually burdensome, characteristic. the help may take the form of providing and evaluating relevant information, relating personal experiences, listening to and accepting others' experiences providing sympathetic understanding and establishing social networks. A support group may also work to inform the public or engage in advocacy.
8: Hydrolysis | Alkenes engage in an acid catalysed hydration reaction using concentrated sulfuric acid as a catalyst that gives usually secondary or tertiary alcohols. The hybroboration-oxidation and oxymercuration-reduction of alkenes are more reliable in organic synthesis. Alkenes react with NBS and water in halohydrin formation reaction. Amines can be converted to diazonium salts, which are then hydrolyzed.
9: Intoxication | Alcohol intoxication is a physiological state that occurs when a person has a high level of ethanol (alcohol) in his or her blood.
10: Jaundice | Jaundice is a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae and other mucous membranes cause by hyperbilirubinemia.
11: Killed | Statistics show that more teens are killed by alcohol then by all illegal drugs combined.
12: Long-Term Effects | Alcohol travels through your bloodstream and damages your brain, stomach, liver, kidneys and muscles. As a teenager, your body is still developing, so damage done to it now will affect the rest of your life. Over time, drinking destroys your body and your looks, so all that work you've done to look good, keep strong and stay fit, goes down the drain fast.
13: Memory | Alcohol seems to block the brains ability to take salient short term memories and move them into long term storage. What this means is that since short term memory storage is unaffected, an intoxicated person can maintain a conversation as per normal but if asked to recall events of an hour before, or the night before, the intoxicated person would have much more trouble.
14: Night Out | It's ok to have a night out every once in a while just not every night. When you have a night out don't get so drunk to where you can't remember anything.
15: Other Facts | Most people who ever had an episode of drinking too much tend to do so for the first time by the time they are in their mid teen. Symptoms tend to alternate between periods of alcohol abuse and abstinence over time. Most people who develop dependence on alcohol do so between 18 and 25 years of age. The majority of individuals who abuse alcohol never go on to develop alcohol dependence.
16: Physical Condition | Alcohol will affect your physical condition along with a lot of other things.
17: Quiting | Quitting alcohol is very hard epically if you drink all the time! Most people have to go to rehab to quit drinking and even then the relapse.
18: Respiratory System | Alcohol affects the respiratory system in many ways such as slower breathing and sleep apnea in many individuals. These can be considered as shorter term effects, but over time, many individuals can potentially experience more long term effects such as those experienced as a result of lack of oxygen to the brain due to sleep apnea related issues. Heavy drinkers, over time, are also at risk of developing diseases and conditions affecting the respiratory system such as pneumonia due to a weaker immune system that can be experienced due to consumption of alcohol.
19: Stress | The effects that parental alcoholism can have on children can be significantly detrimental in other ways as well. For example, the sons and daughters of alcoholics seem to be at higher risk for experiencing more negative feelings, stress, and alienation as well as aggression.
20: Treatments | Alcohol withdrawal, alcohol rehab and treatment facilities, pharmaceutical treatment for alcoholism, alcoholism support groups.
21: Uses | People use alcohol for a number of reasons. 1) They have alot of stress and want to get rid of it. 2) People may have depression problems and want to get rid of the pain. 3) They might be being mentally or physically abused.
22: Vicarious | People use alcohol as a substitute for things instead of taking the pain like bad break-ups, court, or school. They use alcohol as a substitute for a lot of things.
23: Withdrawal | Withdrawal can refer to any sort of separation, but is most commonly used to describe the group of symptoms that occurs upon the abrupt discontinuation/separation or a decrease in dosage of the intake of medications and recreational drugs.
24: Xenobiotics | A xenobiotic is a chemical which is found in an organism but which is not normally produced or expected to be present in it. It can also cover substances which are present in much higher concentrations than are usual. Specifically, drugs such as antibiotics are xenobiotics in humans because the human body does not produce them itself, nor are they part of a normal diet.
25: Yourself | Alcohol will make you not be yourself. If you become an alcoholic you will probably never be the same again, even if you quit.
26: Zoloft | If you're an alcoholic and you want help and want to quit they may give you Zoloft to help you quit drinking, because it's a depressant so it wont make you depressed anymore so you won't want to drink anymore.