S: Adena Mound Builders of Ancient Times
FC: The Adena Indians of ancient times. | By:Veronica 10-21-2011
1: The Adena Mound Builders
2: Unlike in other cultures, Adena pottery was not buried with the dead like some other artifacts. Usually tempered with grit or crushed limestone, it was largely plain, cord-marked or fabric marked. The vessel shapes were flat-bottomed jars, sometimes with small foot-like supports. The large and elaborate mound sites served a nearby scattering of people. The population was dispersed in small settlements of one to two structures. A typical house was built in a circle form of 15 to 45 feet in diameter. | Pottery: The Adena made many things from pottery. Some are people, stone tablets, and musical instruments.
3: The Adena carved small stone tablets, usually 4 or 5 inches by 3 or 4 inches by .5 inches thick.On one or both flat sides were gracefully composed stylized geometric designs in deep relief. Paint has been found on some Adena tablets, leading archaeologists to propose that these stone tablets were probably used to stamp designs on cloth, or onto their own bodies as tattoos.
4: Adena Weapons
5: The Adena ground stone tools and axes. Somewhat rougher slab-like stones with chipped edges were probably used as hoes. Bone and antler were used in small tools but even more likely objects such as beads, combs, and worked animal-jaws. A few copper axes have been found, but otherwise the metal was hammered into ornamental forms, such as bracelets, rings, beads, and reel-shaped pendants. Some artifacts used were arrow heads, hoes, and axes.
6: Adena Food | Their foods were acquired through foraging, hunting, and the plants they grew. The Adena hunted deer, elk, black bear, woodchuck, beaver, porcupine, turkey, trumpeter swan, ruffed grouse: Gathered several edible seed grasses and nuts, and grew pumpkin, squash, sunflower, and goose foot. | The Adena Indians ate many things such as porcupine,duck, and many kinds of plants and herbs.
7: Some utensils used were bowls, and spoons found by archaeologists.
8: The Adena Indians lived in many places across the U.S. In the map on the top right the Adena Indians lived in the green area around 1000-200 B.C. Which is modern day Indiana, Kentucky, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Virginia.
10: There was massive amounts of effort that it must have taken to construct these conical mounds with simple hand tools, or there hands.
11: The top left photo is of a mounds structure. the one next to it is called Criel Mound. The bottom left is the Grave Creek Mound, and the one on its right is Miamisburg Mound.
12: Adena Trading | The Adena Indians made many beautiful things such as necklaces, beads, and shells. They were great for every day outfits or special occasions.Top 2 photos on left are close ups of the one on top right.
13: The Adena people were extensive traders as evidenced by the types of material found in the mounds they constructed. Copper from the western Great Lakes region, mica from the Carolinas and shells from the Gulf of Mexico, all attest to the economic activity.
14: Adena clothing was made of animal skins. They sewed it with animal bone needles and strings traded through out tribes. The Adena got most of their clothing from their environment around them. They wore rags and animal skins.
15: Adena homes were made of mud and sticks but most were dismantled or burned down for more room to build mounds. There homes were 15 to 60 feet across.