FC: Ahyoung's Domains, Kingdoms, and Vertebrates Project AHYOUNG KIM-LEE
1: DOMAINS - Over the years scientists have discovered many new types of organisms, most of them are very small. - So Scientists have created a new way of organizing organisms. More broad than Kingdoms - This is called Domains.
2: ArChaea - Archaea which is Greek for "ancient" are one celled organisms and are believed to be the oldest organisms on Earth. - Archaea is very similar to Bacteria and was once grouped with Bacteria. They were called " archaebacteria." - However they are genetically very different. - Members of the Archaea domain live in climates that are much like the climates of ancient Earth. - An example of an Archaea are the organisms that live in thermal vents at the bottom of the ocean, extreme temperatures, and extremely salty waters like in the Great Salt Lake.
3: Archaea | Archaea | Archaea (the red)
4: Bacteria - The Bacteria cell is a simple cell. - They are one celled organisms and prokaryotes. - Prokaryotes have no nucleus and no organelles.
5: BActeria | Bacteria | Colonies of Bacteria
6: Eukarya - All Eukarya have cells with nucleus -It includes nearly all of the multi-celled organisms on Earth. -Some examples of the multi-celled organisms are Animals, Plants, Fungi. -However, it also includes some singled-celled organisms.
7: Paramecium bursaria (Eukarya) | Eukarya- Animal- CaT- | Eukarya- Fungi- Shiitake- | Eukarya-plant- Basil-
8: KINGDOMS | ANimals | Plants | Fungi | Monerans | Protists
9: - There are a wide variety of living organisms - There could be a unicellular bacteria with no nucleus or organelles and then a multicellular Eukarya with billions of cells! - Scientists have organized organisms with common ancestors into 5 large groups called kingdoms - Animals, Plants, Fungi, Monerans, Protists
10: ANimals - Animals are living organisms that are made up of cells. - Animals are heterotrophs so they get their energy and nutrients by eating other organisms. - They use cells to reproduce. Their offspring grows outside or inside the mother's bodies. -Animals range from Lions to Fish, Frogs to Whales, Birds to Octopi, and Birds to Starfish.
11: African Elephant | Whale shark | Golden Poison Dart Frog | Golden Eagle | Arctic hare | American Alligator
12: Plants - Plants are made up of many cells and are living organisms - They are Eukaryotes because they have a nucleus and organelles. - From the sun they get energy, and nutrients from their surroundings in places like soil. - Most of the plants use seeds to reproduce. - Some examples of plants are Trees Shrubs Ferns Grasses Flowering Plants
13: Tree | dAfrican Elephant | Ferns | FLowering shrubs | FLowers
14: Fungi - Fungi are mostly multi-cellular although a few are single- celled. - Their nutrients come from the surface around them. They digest + absorb the their surroundings. - They reproduce by using spores. - Some examples of fungi are: Yeast Bread Bread Molds Lichens Mushrooms
15: ENOKI mushrooms | BREAD MOlD | yeast | Portabello Mushrooms
16: Protist - Protists are living organisms that are usually single-celled but some are multi- celled. -They have a defined nucleus. So they are eukaryotes. - They can either by heterotrophs or autotrophs. Some Protists get food by eating other organisms while some get their food from the sun. - They reproduce by cell division or by splitting into two. - Some of the microscopic organisms that you see are Protists. Amoeba, Paramecium, Euglena.
17: Paramecium | Amoeba | Euglena
18: Monerans - Monerans are single celled.They have no defined nucleus so they are prokaryotes. - The way monerans get nutrients are when they pass through it's cell membrane. - They reproduce by cell division or by dividing into two. - Many bacterias are Monerans.
19: Moneran | Moneran | Moneran
20: Vertebrate Groups - Vertebrates are animals that all have backbones. -Five major vertebrate groups exist today.
21: WARM-BLOODED ANIMALS - Warm-blooded animals have blood temperatures that stay the same no matter what the temperature of their surroundings are. - An example of a warm-blooded animal are humans. They have to maintain a temperature of 98.6 even if the temperature of their surroundings is-10 degrees. COLD-BLOODED ANIMALS - Cold-blooded animal's blood temperatures changes depending on what the temperature of their surroundings are.
22: Mammals Almost every single mammal: 1. Gives birth to living young 2. Nurses their young with milk 3. Has fur of hair 4. Are Warm- blooded There are 3 different types of Mammals
23: Monotremes -They are the most primitive animals that are still roaming Earth today. They lay eggs. - Examples of Monotremes are duck- billed platypus + echidnas. | Duck- billed platypus | Echidnas
24: Marsupials - Marsupials are mammals who have a front pouch to carry their young and are mostly found in Australia. - Young are born small + crawl into the pouch where they are nursed with milk. - They are a primitive group of mammals, evolving before placental mammals. - Examples of marsupials are Kangaroos, opossums, and wombats. | Kangaroo | Wombat | Opossums
25: Placental - Placental Mammals have fetuses which are attached to the wall of the uterus. - The fetus is then fed through the placenta which is a spongy material. - Humans along with many other mammals are placental. | Rabbit | Human
26: Birds - Birds are warm-blooded animals - They lay fragile eggs. - On their skin they have feathers. - They breathe oxygen in through lungs. - All birds have wings but not all birds can fly. For example, Ostriches + Penguins have wings however they cannot fly. | Parrot | Bald eagle
27: Snowy owl | Cardinal | Baby Chick | flamingo
28: Reptiles - Reptiles are cold- blooded animals. - They use their lungs to breathe - Thier skin is usually horny or scaly - Reptiles lay their eggs on land which feel leathery. | Boa Constrictor | Galapagos Turtle
29: Green sea turtle | Saltwater Crocodile | American Alligator | Galapagos Land Iguana
30: Amphibians - Amphibians are cool- blooded animals. - Their skin is moist + there are no scales. - Amphibians lay their eggs in the water. The eggs are soft + jelly- like. - Young breath through gills while Adults breath through lungs. Some can breathe through their skin! - Young amphibians start out as either larvae or a tadpole. Then go through many stages until they reach Adult. - Frogs, salamanders, newts, and toads are all Amphibians.
31: European tree Frog | Eastern Newt | Golden Toad | Salamander
32: Fish - Fish are cold- blooded. - They live in water so they have gills instead of lung to breathe. - FIsh are usually covered in scales
33: Atlantic salmon | Golden Toad | goldfish | blue tang