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all quiet on the western front

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BC: The life of a soldier

FC: All Quiet on the Western Front by: Erich Maria Remarque War, a fight against ones self... -Kayce Duke-

1: All Quiet on the Westwen Front, by Erich Maria Remarque A story A story of pain, suffrage, love, and fear Depicting the events of an epidemic so meaningful, so important we our selves will never be able to understand. Dignity, integrity, confidence and loyalty. the thoughts were conceived and evolved by a brilliant mind; with endless memories. A story told through the eyes of a man who him, himself had damaged eyes. by -Kayce Duke -

3: Paul , was a young german soilder fighting in the trenches during world war one | Paul is the protagonist, at heart he is a loving, compassionate, kind hearted, young man | But tormented by the trench life he becomes detatched and seperated from any feeling or emotion

4: Kat, a soldier belonging to Paul’s company and he is Paul’s best friend in the army. He is forty years and has a family at home. He is a resourceful, inventive man. To Paul, and the rest of the mean in the company Kat is the father figure, and he gets things he wants. He looks out for the boys takes them under his wing. Albert Kropp, one of Paul’s classmates who serves with him. Kropp is an intelligent, insightful young man. Kropp is one of Paul’s closest friends during the war. Out of all the men in the group he is the clearest thinker. Muller One of Paul’s classmates, is a hardheaded, stubborn, practical man. He often thinks about what the boys including himself will do after the war is over. He plans on going back to school. Kantorek the boy's school teacher. While Paul and the boys were in high school, Kantorek placed pressure on the boys to fulfill their | “Patriotic duty.” He filled the boy’s heads with thoughts of becoming heroes, and glorified fighting .He too becomes a solider, and a not so good one. Joseph Behm, was memorable but yet forgettable. He was the first one in Paul's company to die. Detering is one of Paul’s closest friends in the Second Company. Detering is a younger man. He has a wife and a farm at home. Haie Westhus, is a large, burly man, He was a peat-digger before the war. He plans to serve a full term in the army after the war ends. Tjaden, one of Paul’s friends in the Second Company, is a wiry stubborn man with a voracious appetite. Tjaden has a deep sense of dislike towards Corporal Himmelstoss. Corporal Himmelstoss, was a rude stuck up man and before joining the military he was a mail man. He treated his men like dirt, but payback was to come.

5: “Those who can win a war well can rarely make a good peace and those who could make a good peace would never have won the war.” - All Quiet on the Western Front

7: "Back" They ask me where I've been, And what I've done and seen. But what can I reply Who know it wasn't I, But someone just like me, Who went across the sea And with my head and hands Killed men in foreign lands... Though I must bear the blame, Because he bore my name. -Wilfred Gibson

8: "It will try simply to tell of a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped shells, were destroyed by the war." | In chapter one, everything starts, on the front. Satisfied and at piece, Paul says. But soon reality sets in. “Fourteen days ago we had to go up and relieve the front line; we had a full company of 150 men; we suffered severely and returned with only 80 strong." Paul soon sees things won’t be as he expected. The following days after, the boys receive a letter from Kantorek. Shocked yet disgusted, the letter reveals what the older generation beholds in thought and their insight on war. Calling the younger generation the "iron youth." Kantorek implies they are young, impassive, and strong, but they do not feel that way. They feel they are loosing their minds, living in hell, they do not feel young they feel the war has aged them beyond their years. They blame Kantorek

9: "For us lads of eighteen they ought to have been mediators and guides to the world of maturity . . . to the future . . . in our hearts we trusted them. The idea of authority, which they represented, was associated in our minds with a greater insight and a more humane wisdom. But the first death we saw shattered this belief. We had to recognize that our generation was more to be trusted than theirs. . . . The first bombardment showed us our mistake, and under it the world as they had taught it to us broke in pieces." -All Quiet on the Western Front

10: Paul puts himself through the process of cutting everyone off, so the he is able to endure the hardships of war. Each character goes through this process they loose all remorse. They lose all sense of sensitivity and compassion. | In chapter two...unlike in chapter one, focuses on the soldiers mental and internal state. Exploring the mind of Paul, Remarque is able to capture the essence of good in Paul even though the novel continues to show the bad.

11: "How to Die" Dark clouds are smouldering into red While down the craters morning burns. The dying soldier shifts his head To watch the glory that returns; He lifts his fingers toward the skies Where holy brightness breaks in flame; Radiance reflected in his eyes, And on his lips a whispered name. You'd think, to hear some people talk, That lads go West with sobs and curses, And sullen faces white as chalk, Hankering for wreaths and tombs and hearses. "But they've been taught the way to do it Like Christian soldiers; not with haste And shuddering groans; but passing through it With due regard for decent taste." -Siegfried Sassoon

12: In chapter 3, the new recruits arrive and to Paul and the other boys surprise; they are all about 17 years old. This chapter also visualizes how each individual soilder see's the war; How they feel, what they think.

13: Greater Love Red lips are not so red As the stained stones kissed by the English dead. Kindness of wooed and wooer Seems shame to their love pure. O Love, your eyes lose lure When I behold eyes blinded in my stead! Your slender attitude Trembles not exquisite like limbs knife-skewed, Rolling and rolling there Where God seems not to care; Till the fierce Love they bear Cramps them in death's extreme decrepitude. Your voice sings not so soft, - Though even as wind murmuring through raftered loft, - Your dear voice is not dear, Gentle, and evening clear, As theirs whom none now hear Now earth has stopped their piteous mouths that coughed. Heart, you were never hot, Nor large, nor full like hearts made great with shot; And though your hand be pale, Paler are all which trail Your cross through flame and hail: Weep, you may weep, for you may touch them not. -Wilfred Owen

14: "We march up, moody or good-tempered soldiers—we reach the zone where the front begins and become on the instant human animals." -All Quiet on the Western Front

15: Chapter 4 depicts the front. In chapter four we are able to visualize; our imagination takes over and creates they world in which they live. Paul is faced with decision, he and the rest of the men fend for their lives, or do they fight back, rebel and take a chance? Here the men really analyze their situation. | During this section of the book, Paul finds one of the recruits lying on the ground after the attack. He and the other men also have to decide what to do. The recruit has been horribly injured. His hip is engulfed with blood, mense meat, and bare bone. Should they end his sorrowful life by the pull of a trigger or try and save it.

16: Not to keep They sent him back to her.The letter came Saying . . . and she could have him. And before She could be sure there was no hidden ill Under the formal writing, he was in her sight - Living. - They gave him back to her alive - How else? They are not known to send the dead - And not disfigured visibly. His face? - His hands? She had to look - to ask, "What was it, dear?" And she had given all And still she had all - they had - they the lucky! Wasn't she glad now? Everything seemed won, And all the rest for them permissable ease. She had to ask, "What was it, dear?" "Enough, Yet not enough. A bullet through and through, High in the breast. Nothing but what good care And medicine and rest - and you a week, Can cure me of to go again." The same Grim giving to do over for them both. She dared no more than ask him with her eyes How was it with him for a second trial. And with his eyes he asked her not to ask. They had given him back to her, but not to keep. -Robert Frost

17: Chapter five includes a stunt pulled by Tjaden with the help of Muller and Kropp. Corporal Himmelstoss is looking for Tjaden and none of the soldiers will tell him where he is. So for punishment Tjaden receives 3 days open arrest and Kropp receives one; and Himelstoss is lectured about the way he treats his men. In this chapter Tjaden returns to an earlier stage of the novel. The on-going feud between Himelstoss and Tjaden.

18: To His Love He's gone, and all our plans Are useless indeed. We'll walk no more on Cotswold Where the sheep feed Quietly and take no heed. His body that was so quick Is not as you Knew it, on Severn river Under the blue Driving our small boat through. You would not know him now... But still he died Nobly, so cover him over With violets of pride Purple from Severn side. Cover him, cover him soon! And with thick-set Masses of Memoried flowers - Hide that red wet Thing I must somehow forget. -Ivor Gurney

19: Also in this chapter one of the new recruit’s starts to loose it; the hunger the men are faced with is almost unbearable. He tries to leave but the men bolt him down and try to relive him of some of his anxiety. The men weren’t able to find too much food during this section of the story, not even Kropp! | In chapter six, Paul and the boys return to the front two days early. No real danger occurs at first but in time things always change. When the bombing finally starts it doesn’t seem to want to stop. In this chapter Paul is reminded of how the front uses to be him reminisces of what things use to be.

20: -For All We Have and Are - For all we have and are, For all our children's fate, Stand up and meet the war. The Hun is at the gate! Our world has passed away In wantonness o'erthrown. There is nothing left to-day But steel and fire and stone. Though all we knew depart, The old commandments stand: "In courage keep your heart, In strength lift up your hand." Once more we hear the word That sickened earth of old: "No law except the sword Unsheathed and uncontrolled," Once more it knits mankind, Once more the nations go To meet and break and bind A crazed and driven foe. | Comfort, content, delight - The ages' slow-bought gain - They shrivelled in a night, Only ourselves remain To face the naked days In silent fortitude, Through perils and dismays Renewd and re-renewed. Though all we made depart, The old commandments stand: "In patience keep your heart, In strength lift up your hand." No easy hopes or lies Shall bring us to our goal, But iron sacrifice Of body, will, and soul. There is but one task for all - For each one life to give. Who stands if freedom fall? Who dies if England live? - Rudyard Kipling

21: In the seventh chapter of this novel, Himmelstoss rekindles his relationship with Tjaden and the rest of the comrades. After now knowing what it is like to be out on the front risking your life, Himmelstoss can now understand the terror and tormenting visuals he hears the men talking about. | Paul revives 17 days leave. He returns home to his mother and sister. During this time Paul finds out some disturbing news; his mother's cancer has returned. So not complicating the situation Paul lets his mother believe things are alright and that things are going great. They caught up on words, lost during time spent apart. | Paul also visits Kimmerichs mother while on leave he tells her how he died they also briefly catch up. During chapter seven, Paul and the rest of the boys are informed that Kantorek has been drafted into the war, the men talk about how they will embarrass him upon arrival.

22: Chapter eight consists of Paul inner thoughts and feelings like in some of the previous chapters. He sees the prisoners in this chapter, he thinks about who they are and how they feel and how he knows nothing of them but that they are suffering animals like his self and they have no reason to fight amongst each other anymore. Also, Paul’s father and sister come to visit him. The only thing they talk about is his mother’s death; they do leave Paul with some potato cakes and jam before parting.

23: In Chapter nine. Paul returns to the front telling the others about his visit, the good as well as bad things. He shares his goodies with his comrades. Also in this chapter the men had been preparing for the emperor of Germany to come see them. They receive new clothes and shoes. Expecting to keep the new riches, the men are surprised, finding out after the emperor left they clothes were to be returned. After settling in from his journey, Paul volunteers to go out into no mans land to see where the enemy line lays. While on his way back he encounters his first attack. He has a panic attack and sinks down into a shell hole not expecting to have company he does. He takes a life at this point scared and afraid he quickly stabs Gerard Deuval putting him to his death! Paul sees what he had done and tries to help but then also sees it is too late. Paul in depth thinks harshly about his action. After this occurrence the men find Paul after getting him to safety, Paul confesses his sin. His comrades reassure him and blow it off and in the end so does Paul.

24: In chapter 10 Paul, Tjaden, Muller, Kropp, Detering, and Kat are sent to an abandoned village near by; they are sent to guard a supply dump. While there the men eat and sleep as much as possible. They treat them selves to luxuries such as beds and blankets, rich foods; they even find 2 pigs. You have to remember they do not have such things like so on the front. But the good life does not last forever. The group is spotted by the enemy. Thankfully the escape with freshly baked pancakes and a full stomach. On the way back, dodging bullets Kropp is hit an inch above the knee with a piece of shrapnel, and Paul is shot in the arm and leg. So indefinitely they stop at a hospital, it is there that Kropp has to amputate his leg from the thigh down. He swears he is going to commit suicide, but does not. Paul has to part from Katt but While in the Hospital they met Lewandowski. | A forty year-old man with a serious abdominal injury. While in the hospital his wife writes to him and comes to see him along with a new member of the family. Paul heals nicely and is sent back to the front. Kropp's leg heals but after his injury he keeps to him self. After this incident Paul receives leave he said saying goodbye was harder than before, and his mother was much worse.

25: When I'm Killed When I'm killed, don't think of me Buried there in Cambrin Wood, Nor as in Zion think of me With the Intolerable Good. And there's one thing that I know well, I'm damned if I'll be damned to Hell! So when I'm killed, don't wait for me, Walking the dim corridor; In Heaven or Hell, don't wait for me, Or you must wait for evermore. You'll find me buried, living-dead In these verses that you've read. So when I'm killed, don't mourn for me, Shot, poor lad, so bold and young, Killed and gone - don't mourn for me. On your lips my life is hung: O friends and lovers, you can save Your playfellow from the grave. Robert Graves

26: In the 11th chapter, almost reaching the end, the war rages on but the German military seems to be slipping. The men mold the war based on their everyday life, Paul compares it to a deadly disease such as tuberculosis. The war has changed the men, where as before they | were separated by personalities and independence, they all now feel the same. Detering finds a cherry tree and the blossoms remind him of home. After the men get back to camp he packs his things and leaves we can believe he is dead but no one ever knows. During combat Muller is shot point black in the abdomen and dies a quick painful death. After his death Paul receives his boots the boots which once belonged to Kimmerich. Leer is also injured by a piece of shrapnel and bleeds to death. At first Kat suffered from a small injury but while Paul was trying to get him to safety; he was hit. A splinter had hit him in the back of the head and in moments he was dead. Now Paul is alone he has no one to rely on but himself.

27: Chapter 12 In the autumn of 1918, after the bloodiest summer Paul has experienced he is the only living member of his original group of classmates. The war continues to get worse and American allies join in and fight against the German military. After years of fighting, Paul is finally killed in October of 1918, on an odd, remarkable, quiet, peaceful day. The only thing that the report says is: “All quiet on the Western Front.” As Paul dies, his face is calm, “as though almost glad the end had come.” I

28: -Quotes from the book "This book is to be neither an accusation nor a confession, and least of all an adventure, for death is not an adven-ture to those who stand face to face with it. It will try simply to tell of a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped shells, were destroyed by the war." "For us lads of eighteen they ought to have been mediators and guides to the world of maturity . . . to the future . . . in our hearts we trusted them. The idea of authority, which they represented, was associated in our minds with a greater insight and a more humane wisdom. But the first death we saw shattered this belief. We had to recognize that our generation was more to be trusted than theirs. . . . The first bombardment showed us our mistake, and under it the world as they had taught it to us broke in pieces." "At the sound of the first droning of the shells we rush back, in one part of our being, a thousand years. By the animal instinct that is awakened in us we are led and protected. It is not conscious; it is far quicker, much more sure, less fallible, than consciousness. . . . It is this other, this second sight in us, that has thrown us to the ground and saved us, without our knowing how. . . . We march up, moody or

29: good-tempered soldiers—we reach the zone where the front begins and become on the instant human animals." "Just as we turn into animals when we go up to the line . . . so we turn into wags and loafers when we are resting. . . . We want to live at any price; so we cannot burden ourselves with feelings which, though they may be ornamental enough in peacetime, would be out of place here. Kemmerich is dead, Haie Westhus is dying . . . Martens has no legs anymore, Meyer is dead, Max is dead, Beyer is dead, Hammerling is dead . . . it is a damnable business, but what has it to do with us now—we live." "Comrade, I did not want to kill you. . . . But you were only an idea to me before, an abstraction that lived in my mind and called forth its appropriate response. . . . I thought of your hand-grenades, of your bayonet, of your rifle; now I see your wife and your face and our fellowship. Forgive me, comrade. We always see it too late. Why do they never tell us that you are poor devils like us, that your mothers are just as anxious as ours, and that we have the same fear of death, and the same dying and the same agony—Forgive me, comrade; how could you be my enemy?"

30: A project created for my English class. A reflection on a mavelous novel; All Quiet on the Western front, by Erich Maria Remarque.

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