S: American Revolution Scrapbook By Ryne M.
BC: http://www.britishbattles.com http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/milestones/paris/ http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/proc63.htm http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1209.html http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1443 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valley_Forge http://www.ushistory.org/valleyforge/ | Citations
FC: AMERICAN REVOLUTION SCRAPBOOK | By Ryne M. 10/20/2009
1: AMERICAN REVOLUTION: A PROCLAMATION, THE MAJOR BATTLES, AND TREATY
2: When the Treaty of Paris was signed by the French, Spanish and British, the French and Spanish conceded all the land east of the Mississippi River to the British except for west Florida. The Proclamation of 1763 prohibited the colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains. The British did not want there to be any warfare between the Indians and the colonists over land. They also wanted to keep people near the main British trading posts so that the trading system would not collapse. These were the two main reasons for the Proclamation of 1763. | THE PROCLAMATION OF 1763
3: Y | This is a map of the land that the British gained in the Treaty of Paris. The map also shows where the British had to place troops because the colonists were trying to take land from the Indians west of the Appalachian Mountains. | This map shows were Indians and Colonist had fights over land. The purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 was to prevent these fights. British soldiers were ordered by the king to station themselves on the line so that no more of these fights would break out.
4: THE BATTLES OF LEXINGTION AND CONCORD | The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the American Revolution. The British were going to both Lexington and Concord for two different reasons. They were going to Lexington so that they could capture John Adams and John Hancock, the leaders of the Sons of Liberty. Next, they moved on to Concord to take the weapons that were located in the depot. They expected to have no resistance from the colonist but the ride of Paul Revere and William Dawes warned John Adams, John Hancock and the men in Concord that the British were coming and to hide all the weapons. Paul Revere was captured by the British before reaching Concord but William Dawes made it through. The Minute Men, the men of the area, took action and were waiting for the British when they arrived in Lexington. There were shots fired by both sides and the British ended up killing many of the Minute Men. The Minute Men did not even hit the Red Coats with their shots. The surviving Minute Men retreated to Concord where they made a stand against the British. The British were pushed back to Boston and were attacked by Minute Men the whole way back. There were supposedly 29 hit and run attacks from Concord to Boston. Many British were killed. Few Minute Men were killed. This gave the Revolutionists hope to become its own free kingdom.
5: This is a picture of the Battle of Concord. The Revolutionists were on the opposite side of the river from the British Red Coats. The Revolutionists were prepared when the Red Coats arrived. The first shot by a Revolutionists to kill a Red Coat during the battle is famously known as the Shot Heard 'Round the World. | This map shows the planned route of the British in the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The British planned to stop and capture John Adams and John Hancock in Lexington. After capturing John Adams and John Hancock the plan was to then move and take over the Weapon Depot in Concord so they could secure more weapons and supplies. | This was the planed route of the British in the Battles of Lexington and Concord. They planned to stop and capture John Adams and John Hancock in Lexington and then move and capture the weapon depot in Concord.
6: VALLEY FORGE | Valley Forge was where Washington and the Continental Army set up camp for the winter of 17771778. He and his men suffered through many long cold months there. Many men died during their stay. Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben, also referred to as Baron von Steuben, arrived at Valley Forge from France on February 23, 1778. He carried with him a letter of introduction from Benjamin Franklin to prove his identity. Baron von Steuben was a general for the Prussian King but since the army was no longer needed he had not been able to find a job. He impressed General George Washington enough that he was put in command of training troops. Even though the troops had very little training when they came out of winter camp they were still a better army. This was the turning point for the Americans in the war.
7: This is an example of a cabin where soldiers stayed in at Valley Forge. The cabins could quarter up to 12 men in one cabin. It took about 3 days to build a cabin. Many soldiers thought the cabins were cozy and comfortable quarters. | This is part of the defense system that was built to protect Valley Forge. The camp was at the top of a hill so it was easier to protect. The Americans set up a defense system for protection just in case of a surprise attack like Americans had done in years past.
8: BATTLE OF COWPENS | The Battle of Cowpens was not the biggest battle of the war but it was the biggest battle of the South. It was a very well planned battle by the Americans. It was a very unorganized battle for the British. This helped General Daniel Morgan and his outrageous plan work successfully. The four quick shots by the first 2 lines then the stand by the Continentals confused the British. The British were not prepared for the first 2 lines so they had lots of losses. Then the British were able to do best what they did best, which was to line up and shoot. However, they had already suffered so many losses. They were pounded by the Americas who had reinforcements from the first 2 lines.
9: This picture shows the Americans uniform which was mostly blue but had some red, gold, and white. The Continentals had guns and some of the militia did also. However, most of the militia had very long spears. The guns had spears tips just in case someone came in very close range. | This was very strategic battle plan from General Daniel Morgan. It instructed the first line to take 2 shots then retreat. Then the second line would do the same thing as the first line. The Continentals were the finally line. They knew not to retreat. They would make a stand and then the other lines would rejoin them. | Musket Balls were the only type of bullet. The ball is made out of lead. Normally, the balls were accurate for 50 yards because of rough barrel.
10: BATTLE OF YORKTOWN | The Battle of Yorktown was the final big war in the American Revolution. It was between the British and the Hessians vs. the Americans and the French. The Americans and the French had a huge advantage in the number of men but the British had ships with cannons and higher ground. The Americans and French had the British surrounded. The British surrendered about 6,000 British troops to the Americans and French with 10 stands of Hessians and British. The casualties were not a big difference. The British had 500 casualties, 80 for Americans and 200 for the French.
11: This is a map of the Battlefield for Yorktown. In this map, there is many more American and French militia and armies than there are British. The British did have ships with cannons though. | Cannons were a big part of the war because they were more accurate and stronger weapons. The down side is that they took a long time to move. Both sides used them in the Yorktown Battle. Canons also played a big part in the Battle of Saratoga and in the Battle of Ticonderoga. | The uniforms of the British 23rd Regiment of Foot were red with black hats. This is what most British Dragoons wore. They also had swords.
12: TREATY OF PARIS | The Treaty of Paris (1783) formally brought the American Revolution to a close. England recognized the independence of the United States. In addition, the United States secured all of the land east of the Mississippi River except for British possessions in Canada and Spanish territory in Florida.
13: THis is a copy of Jackson's Oxford Journal on the day of the news that the United States of America was finally a Country. | This is a copy of the original Paris Peace Treaty in which Britain agreed that the United States of America was an independent country.