BC: Made by Karis Krieger
FC: An Overview of WORLD HISTORY | 2011
1: Ancient River Valley Civilization pg 1 Classical Greece/ Rome pg 3 Post-Classical Africa/ Asia pg 5 Post-Classical(Medieval) Europe pg 7 Renaissance/ Reformation pg 9 Enlightenment/ Revolutions pg 11 World War I pg 13 World /War II pg 15 Cold War pg 17
2: WHAT IF... | a | What if Hammurabi did not write his code of laws? They would be more crime, but the people might not rebel as much having not as harsh punishments.
3: The Ancient River Valley Civilization (An advanced state of human society, in which a higher level of culture, science, industry, government, has been reached) was a early primitive land and used hieroglyphics (Egyptian writing) as a part of domestication (To convert animals, plants, etc. for domestic use; tame). They also used Cuneiform (Sumerian writing system, done by marking a clay tablet with a sharpened reed) as a writing one of the other early writing systems.
4: Classic Greece/Rome | WHAT IF... | IWhat if Rome did not fall? If Rome did not fall, it may have become a one of the most powerful cities in the world.
5: In Rome and Greece there were places called City States (an independent city or town that governs itself and the lands around it), which had Plebeians (A member of the roman lower class) and Patricians (A member of the ruling class or aristocracy of ancient Rome)in it. Also in Rome as a very largely popular sport, they had gladiators fight in a Coliseum (A large theater or sports area).
6: WHAT IF... | What if the Mongols had not opened up the silk road to safe travels? It would have affected a lot of countries economies and we would not have the advanced trade systems we have today.
7: In Post- Classical China one of the ruling dynasties during the time was the Tang Dynasty which ruled from (618-906). There were things called tributaries (Semi-independent provinces that pay tribute to the emperor for trade relations and for protection) that was a way of protection and a way to sell peoples goods, by many of this time. Monsoons (the seasonal wind of the Indian ocean and southern Asia, blowing from the southwest in summer and from the northeast in winter) were very typical in post- classical Asia in the summer through winter. Another dynasty that ruled in the post- classical time of Asia were the Yuan Dynasty. They ruled from (1260- 1368) | Post- Classical Asia/Africa
8: WHAT IF... | Post- Classical (Medieval) Europe | What if the black plague did not attack western europe? The western population would've grown bigger and would've had to conquer more land, so europe would be bigger today.
9: During the Medieval time period of Europe architecture such as, Vaulted Ceilings (These were intricate supports that were inside the ceiling of a Gothic cathedral) were very popularly seen in the buildings built then. Buildings that had these were buildings such as monasteries (A place of residence, occupied by monks, living in seclusion under religious vows). Gothic (A style of architecture, originating in France in the middle of the 12th century and existing in the western half of europe through the middle of the 16th century, characterized by the use of the pointed arch and the ribbed vault, by the use of fine woodwork and stonework, by a progressive lightening of structure, and by the use of such features as flying buttresses, ornamental gables, crockets, and foils) architecture was probably even more popular than just having the vaulted ceilings, as vaulted ceilings were sometimes part of Gothic architecture. One of the not so good things to come out of the Medieval age was the pneumonic plague (This type of plague affected the lungs).
10: WHAT IF.... | What if Gutenberg hadn't invented the printing press? If Gutenberg hadn't invented the printing press, we may have been still today writing everything by hand. | Renaissance/Reformation
11: The Renaissance (the "re-birth" of classical Greek and Roman aspects of culture and education) was a time when Greek and roman things were coming back into style, and what was what the people of this time were fascinated with. Humanism (the devotion to or study of the potential of man) was a very popular idea going the Renaissance / Reformation time period. Among ideas to come out of this period there were people such as Michaelangelo (artist who created the Pieta (Mary holding Jesus), Sistine Chapel, and David). And in policies of the time, imperialism (the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies) became quite normal to society.
12: What if the Industrial Revolution began in Germany or Russia? If the Industrial Revolution began in Germany or Russia that would've given them an upper start on other countries like ours did, because the Revolution came to us first. | WHAT iF...
13: There were many new ideas during the enlightenment period, one such as the Scientific method (a method of investigation involving observation and theory to test scientific hypotheses). Jean Jacques Rousseau(believed that society corrupted man; also supported the idea of the social contract and general will) and Isaac Newton (the man to discover the laws of gravity) were two of the key thinkers of this time period. The Scientific Revolution (A major shift in thinking between 1500 and 1700 in which modern science emerged as a new way of gaining knowledge about the natural world) was known as one of the biggest history changing ideas/actions to happen during this time. | The Enlightenment/ Revolutions
14: What if Germany had not been solely blamed for WWI? Then they may not have wanted to prove how powerful they were, and wouldn't have ended up doing so many of the bad things during in World War II.
15: During World War I there were many beliefs and new military strategies being formed, one being militarism (the belief that a nation needs a large military force). Though there was no particular nation to blame, the League of Nations (an organization set up after world War I to settle international conflicts) decided to blame Germany in the Treaty of Versailles (the 1919 treaty that ended World War I) because they invaded Belgium, when Britain had promised to protect them. Each side in this war had their own tactics, but many used Trench Warfare (a kind of warfare during World War I in which troops huddled at the bottom of trenches and fired artillery and machine guns at each other), because you could shoot at them without getting hurt by guns, at least. | WORLD WAR I
16: WORLD WAR II | WHAT IF... | What if the U.S. had not dropped the Atomic Bombs on Japan? If the U.S. did not drop the atomic bombs on Japan, the war would've continued, and a lot more people would've died.
17: During World War II there were two major sides: the Allies (alliance of US, Great Britain, France, Russia during WWIII) and the Axis (alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII) alliances. There was a lot of war-like aggression; (war like act against another nation without just cause) one of the extreme acts of aggression to happen in WWII was the Holocaust (extermination of Jews, Poles, Russians, and gypsies by the Nazi's during WWII).
18: WHAT IF.... | What if the Soviet Union had landed on the moon first and not the United States? If the Soviet Union had landed on the moon first instead of the U.S, the Soviet Union would've been considered a threat to the U.S because they had accomplished more than us.
19: In the cold war everyone was afraid of Nuclear War ( pertaining to or involving nuclear war) and the nuclear weapons each country possessed, so no one ever actually had open warfare during this war, hence it's name: The Cold War. NATO (the alliance with US and her allies) was one of the big players in this war along with the Warsaw Pact (the alliance with USSR and her allies). One of the things in progress during this war was the Marshall Plan (the money from US to help rebuild Europe), in which the U.S. was helping Europe recover mostly from World War II.