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Ancient Egyptian Times

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FC: BY: | tHE MEMPHIS POST | XAVIER HIGH SCHOOL COPYRIGHT 2011 | http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=705&authuser=0&tbm=isch&tbnid=3KAD94jrArNUDM:&imgrefurl=http://su3nkn3.edu.glogster.com/ancient-egypt/&docid=Cp7bKE2AwkZfcM&imgurl=http://edu.glogster.com/media/4/35/33/92/35339260.jpg&w=400&h=322&ei=5EC8Tq-kEOH40gH5usm8Dw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=187&vpy=343&dur=115&hovh=201&hovw=250&tx=106&ty=120&sig=101014043095212742928&page=1&tbnh=144&tbnw=187&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0

2: The Great pyramids The Great Pyramids at Giza are on of the greatest architectural sculptures of our time. It s very big and is a great honor for any person to come see it. It is in fact one of the seven great wonders of the world. It is seven hundred and fifty feet long on each side, four hundred and fifty high, it is also composed of two million three hundred thousand blocks of stone, each weighing approximately two and a half tons. These pyramids were made for the king Khufu. Nubia is the way to go for the Temple of Abu Simbel. The two temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Rameses the second. There is a chance to see a part of history and it would be a shame to miss out on it. This ancient sculpture was made for the king Amun. The temple of Dendera is located approximately sixty kilometers west of north of Luxor. Although this territory lies isolated in the dessert, it still remains as a tourist attraction.The main temple area is fronted by several Roman Period kiosks. There are many artifacts that you should come see as soon as you can. These stones used to build these pyramids and temples were extremely heavy. They did not know any other way to carry these objects besides the one way that worked the best for them, using the Nile river and floating the stones down the river.

4: ROSETTA STONE | Ptolemy V was the son of Ptolemy IV, Philopator, and Arsinoe III. When he became to the throne, many small riots were going on in Egypt. He had to end the riots. He also faced the problems of invasions by Antiochus of Syria and Philip V of Macedon Coast. In order to stop the invasions he married Cleopatra I, who was the daughter of Antiochus. The Pharaoh Ptolemy V has taken the throne over Egypt. He has wrote many royal decrees because he wants to affirm himself that he is a pharaoh, and as well a god in Egypt. The text was written, on what we call now the Rosetta Stone, which is a black basalt stone with inscriptions on it, with three different languages on it. The three different languages on it are: Hieroglyphics, Demotic, and Greek. Ptolemy V ordered to make copies of the stone, so everyone would know he is a pharaoh, and a god. The Rosetta Stone text begins with an inscription that praises, and adores Ptolemy V. The text than goes on to saying how victorious the Pharaoh was at seizing the temple of the priests, who refused to pay taxes to the pharaoh, at the city of Lycopolis. The text on the Rosetta Stone goes on by saying how nice the pharaoh is, and the various deeds the pharaoh has done, such as the deeds done to built the temples in Egypt. The text on the Rosetta Stone ends by saying how the pharaoh Ptolemy V should be worshiped. It tells us how his temple should be built, when you should pray to him, the day when you celebrate his birthday, and the days when the festivals should be held. Ptolemy V had a very interesting reign, and also a very important reign. He became pharaoh at the age of five, and had to deal with riots and invasions at the beginning of his reign. He issued decrees which were written down on a black basalt tab, known as the Rosetta Stone. It states that the Ptolemy V is a god, and we are to worship him. It goes on to describe the various deeds he’s done, and the things he did. It ends with how we are to worship him, and when to celebrate his birthday.

5: Discovery of the Rosetta STONE | The discovery of the Rosetta Stone was very important to us Egyptians. Without it we would have not deciphered the Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. The stone itself has three languages on it : Greek, Demotic, and Hieroglyphics. It was discovered by the forces of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1799, when they conquered our country. When Napoleon's men were working in the Nile Delta they found a black basalt slab with three different writings on it. The black basalt slab was later called the Rosetta Stone. The French officers sent the tablet (Rosetta Stone) to Alexandria, because they thought it was important. The French began to think that the writing on the Rosetta Stone, which was written in three different texts, said the same thing, and might be important to scholars. Napoleon's men showed the tablet to Napoleon who was impressed, and ordered printers from Paris to make copies of the tablet. Various people began trying to decipher the stone and, the most known person out of them was Jean-Francois Champollion, who deciphered the Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics However when Napoleon was defeated by the British, the Rosetta Stone became British property. Thanks to Napoleon our native language has been deciphered. -

6: Obituary: Thutmose III | Recently, the great Thutmose III has passed away and began his journey in the after life with the beloved Osiris, Thutmose III ruled over our great nation for 54 years. As the son of Thutmose II and his lesser wife, he was born into a royal family, and with that said, was guaranteed a time as pharaoh. At a young age, he was in line to be the next upcoming pharaoh, but then was put on wait by Hatshepsut, who thought she had a greater claim to the throne. Thutmose III was very angry about this and felt as though he was disrespected. When she died it was his time to reign, he ordered to have Hatsheput's name removed from anything that had her name on it. While waiting to become pharaoh for Egypt, Thutmose III underwent extensive military training and therefore, gained the respect from the Army, which played a significant role in the length of his reign. When his time came, he was heavily prepared for a well-liked, successful reign. During his reign, this military expert expanded our empire into areas of Syria and to the Euphrates River. Thutmose III conquered about 350 cities and made 17 military campaigns.In his 54 years as pharaoh, he never lost a single battle. As a military man, he was very organized and therefore founded a unique, yet successful method for keeping his conquered states in line. When he entered the area he was going to invade, Thutmose III would capture the King's son(s) and raise them as an Egyptian. Therefore, when they return back to their homeland, they will spread the way of life in Egypt, and the Egyptian culture.

7: Thutmose III also made advancements in monumental architecture. He created obelisks, which are long, pointy objects that he spread around the nation during his reign. With this object's success now, you can infer that these will be very popular in the future. His obelisks are monolithic, and usually stand in front of a pylon. These obelisks are supposed to resemble a petrified ray of the sun disk. Like other great pharaohs, Thutmose III underwent a proper mummification process in order to preserve his physical body so that his spirit can remember and recognize the body during the afterlife. This process usually takes about 70 days. First, the brain is removed from the body through the nostrils. Then the internal organs are removed carefully through a small incision made near the left rib cage. After this, they plug the nostrils with beez wax, and place gold rings on each of the fingers and toes. The body is then stuffed with natron soaked rags for about 40 days, and painted with natron. Then it is re-stuffed with myrrh, cassia and other perfumes and wrapped in a fine-linen cloth with jewels between each of the layers. The coffin, in which the mummified body will be placed in, contains the possessions that the particular person would need for an enjoyable afterlife. Then the body is placed in the coffin, and is sent on its journey to the afterlife. This process of mummification is used for pharaohs and wealthy people. People that can not afford a mummification, would be buried beneath the ground, with no true mummification process. With this said, we hope Thutmose III a joyful, and relaxing after life with the great Osiris.

8: Rises against the pharaoh We the people of Egypt are fed up with the pharaoh. Every day we get up before the sun just to make sure he has a good day. The servants wash and bathe him while he just sits there . Every day the farmer goes to the temple to pay tribute. The pharaoh gets to feast while we his people barley have enough to eat. All day we people of Egypt spend our time in the field during harvest and planting season. When we get home we are too tired to spend time with our families. When its flood | flood season we break our backs build a pyramid for his god-king body. He expects us to carry those EXTREMLY heavy stones all the way to the top of the structure. He can’t even give us the information for a simple calendar. Why must we have two? Why can’t he make up his mind? I’ll tell you why he is not the god-king he is an imposter. The real god-king would have solved this problem for us a long time ago. There is really no reason for having two. The agricultural calendar is primitive. I know we live off the land but why should we base how we track time off of

9: it. We could easily combine both of these into one calendar. All we have to do is take the days off the agricultural system that were important and place them on the regular calendar. We could make them holidays. Five days: one for start of planting season, one for start of harvesting seasons, one for start of flooding, one for the end of flooding, and lastly but maybe the most important one day for worship so we have a good harvest.

10: Works CITED PAGE | WITOLD Dziekan: WEBSITES: Rosetta stone (no Date) [online}. Available (2011, NOVEMBER 3,2011) "The Rosetta Stone: The Key to Ancient Egypt." Science and Its Times. Ed. Neil Schlager and Josh Lauer. Vol. 5. Detroit: Gale, 2001. [OnLine}. AVailable (November 3, 2011) ANDREW MIDDLETON AND dietrich klem(2003) The geology of the Rosetta stone [oNLine}. Available (November 4, 2011)

11: Work Cited Philipa Snape. EBSCOhost. Odyssey, March 2005. Article. November 5, 2011. Other Ancient Calendars. IDEA. Article. November 5, 2011. Egyptian Life. The British Museum. Website. November 4,2011. http://www.2facts.com/default.asp?BID=7&itemID= http:

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