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Ancient Greece

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S: Ancient Greece

BC: http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.thatmarcusfamily.org/philosophy/Course_Websites/Mind_S07/Photos/plato.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.thatmarcusfamily.org/philosophy/Course_Websites/Mind_S07/MindHome.htm&usg=__Bv0AABytL1kBK9SAWGm-cO_IHJk=&h=646&w=485&sz=32&hl=en&start=14&itbs=1&tbnid=mykEOqTVW1xhmM:&tbnh=137&tbnw=103&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dplato%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1 http://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/greek-philosopher-plato.htm http://www.historyofmacedonia.org/AncientMacedonia/AlexandertheGreat.html http://www.1stmuse.com/frames/empire.gif http://www.westmont.edu/~fisk/images/alexandermap.gif http://www.art4me.com/pictures/theater.gif http://meandtheblueskies.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/theatre-mask1.gif

FC: Ancient Greece

1: Created by Sarah Huffman

2: Table of Contents | .Geography .City-states .Sparta .Athens .Greek Philosophy

3: .Alexander the great .legacy of Greece .greek theater .olympics .art .bibliography

5: Ancient Greece

6: Geography | Ancient Greece is a part of southeastern Europe, It is a peninsula that extends out to the Mediterranean Sea. Ancient Greece is very mountainous which it made their city-states very independent, because of the mountains it was hard to travel from city to city. Ancient Greece had many gulfs and bays, it had some areas

7: were filled with forest, It was stony and suitable for pasturage, other areas for growing wheat, barely, citrus, dates, and olives. Greece also had high elevation and valleys.

8: City-states A city state is a city that is independent and acts like a country. most city-states were ruled either by monarchy, oligarchy, or a democracy. A monarchy is ruled by a king or queen, oligarchy is ruled by a few and a democracy is when the people vote.

9: Important city-states 2 important city-states were Thebes and Corinth.

10: Thebes Thebes defeated Sparta in the Peloponnesain Wars, first they sided with the Spartans and then they fought against them. In Thebes the legendary hero Herakles he played a major role in the affairs of Greece. An achievement of Thebes is the formation of a league under its leadership it untied all the Boeotian cities. Thebes was the most prominent of the city-states in Greece.

12: Corinth Corinth was home of Sisyphos and the great hero Bellerophon. Corinth is the oldest Greek city-state among the most important ones. Corinth was postioned on the Isthmus so it controlled communitcation of the Peloponnes with Greece. Corinth was an innovator and master builder of commercial war ships and they developed great wealth from ancient times.

15: Sparta Sparta is located in southern Greece. Sparta had simple houses, and a few public buildings. What Sparta is known fro is their professional military and their disciplined and well trained soldiers. Who either won the fight or died trying. Their military was very powerful and the greatest.

16: Sparta was ruled by two kings, usually brothers or cousins. One king would stay at Sparta and one would go off to war. Sparta went to war with Athens. Athens is another city-state of Greece. The war lasted for 27 years. this war affected Greece by Athens losing its empire, and Sparta got victory. Sparta did not

17: become a great city or build a new empire.

18: Map of Sparta

20: Athens

22: Athens is known for its culture, riches and diversity. The Athenains were a unique people believed in individuality and balance of the mind and body. Athens was the first to establish Democracy. They had a assembly every month h to discuss things and no decisions were made by the government without asking the assembly.

24: This is the Acropolis. It is the high point of the city. Many buildings were made on it.

26: This is the Parthenon. it is on top of the Acropolis along with many others. They used these buildings for worship, this one in particular is for the Goddess of Athena.

28: Greek Philosophy

29: Socrates developed the Socratic Method. This method was a way of teaching through questions.

31: Aristotle used science, logic, physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology and zoology. He was the student of Plato. Aristotle invented the scientific method. It is a method of investigation to solve problems.

33: Plato is the student of Socrates, Plato delt with political science. his teachings were influenced from his teacher Socrates. He had a method of critical interrogation which distanced himself from the Thirty Tyrants who were pro-Spartans.

34: Alexander The Great

36: Alexander the Great was the son of King Philip II and he had conquered the Persian empire and many more cities. He was a student to Aristotle. Alexander is considered the greatest military genius of all time. He spread the Hellenistic culture all through his empire. this culture consisted of Egyptian, Greek, Persian, and the Indus valley cultures.

37: Next is the map of the areas in which Alexander the Great conquered and the route he took.

40: Legacy of Greece

41: Government Greece had a democracy and they were the first to do it in Athens. They also had trial and jury, thats where a group of citizens would decide if someone was guilty or not. Greece also had the first written constitution.

42: Art Greece's art came in 5 different forms; architecture, sculpture, painting, pottery and music. Most art was realistic, and had no expression to the face of sculptures. The paintings were on walls for decoration. Most pottery was painted and from all periods of Greek history.the music included the lyre, pipes and singing

43: Culture Greece's culture includes its art, philosophy, and science. The philosophers of Greece was a way of figuring things out through learning and reasoning. The three main philosophers in Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.They invented a lot of things in science and math. People farmed in Greece but not much so they traded.

44: Science & Technology The scientific method originated in Greece by the philosopher Aristotle. so was classification of animals and plants. some technology was arches, aquaducts, geometry, the crane, and the catapult.

46: Theater

47: Greek Theater was Dedicated to the god of wine Dionysus. Only male actors were allowed to perform. The actors wore mask and they had different emotions on each mask. The theaters were carved into the mountain

50: Olympics

51: The olympics was a festival to honor the god Zeus. Only men could play and watch, women could not. this was because the olympics was done in th nude. Olympians swore not to cheat. When you won you got an olive wreath, and when you go back to your city you were considered a hero.

52: Games of the Olympics .Foot races .boxing .Pancratium .messenger and trumpeter races .wrestling .discus throwing .javalin

54: Architecture Ancient Greece invented the arch which made it a lot easier to build things with out them getting ruined. They also had a lot of columns in their buildings. there was three types of columns: doric, ionic, and corinthian.

56: Bibliography http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/greekmapsall/a/70107greekgeogr.htm http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Geography/ http://socyberty.com/history/ancient-greece-the-influence-of-its-geography-on-greek-society/ http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&safe=active&defl=en&q=define:city+state&ei=CPaDS78TzJS2B7b11dEC&sa=X&oi=glossary_definition&ct=title&ved=0CAYQkAE http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/GREECE/ARCHAIC.HTM http://www.sikyon.com/Thebes/thebes_eg.html

57: http://www.sikyon.com/Korinth/korinth_eg.html http://www.sikyon.com/index.html http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/GREECE/SPARTA.HTM http://www.e-telescope.gr/en/cat05/art05_021129.htm http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Theatre/ http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Art/ http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Sculpture/ http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Main_Page/

58: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_sparta_known_for http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/wwww/world/thebesdef.htm http://galenfry.com/africa/egypt03.jpg http://people.hofstra.edu/terese_p_friedlander/students/corinth.jpg http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/government/ http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20071113092134AAEyU14 http://www.boisestate.edu/courses/westciv/peloponn/17.shtml http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/aegean/thecities/athens.html

59: http://socrates.clarke.edu/athens.gif http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_was_Athens_known_for http://www.sikyon.com/Athens/athens_eg.html http://www.arwhead.com/Greeks/ http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.prosafebeef.eu/images/site/assets/athens-greece.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.prosafebeef.eu/asp/default.asp%3Fp%3D97&usg=__I6gEcnBOwEFR7YekHbau_GbkCwM=&h=400&w=599&sz=75&hl=en&start=1&itbs=1&tbnid=G6Jag3y1BsI6VM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dathens%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1 http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/aristotle.html http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080118114923AAc5L2u

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sarah huffman
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