BC: The End
FC: Biology Collection | By Andres Valencia
1: Andres Valencia Period 2
2: 1. Stem – Woody Plants that have stems above ground level that remain alive during dormant season and grow again.
3: 2. Heartwood Heartwood is the dense inner part of the tree trunk
4: 3. Adaption of an animal The human thumb The opposable thumbs allow humans the ability to grab things, making life a lot easier, we get our thumbs from the evolution of our ancestors
5: 4. Adaptation of a plant The thick stems on aloe vera plants allow them retain water, which helps them stay alive in dry climates.
6: 5. Phloem Tissues in plants that conduct foods made in leaves to all other parts of the body. Can be found inside plant in places like the stems.
7: 6. Xylem Part of vascular system that transports water and dissolved minerals from roots to rest of the plant. Xylem can be found in the vascular bundles.
8: 7. Actin A globulin that is in muscle plasma and has a role in muscle contractions, found in muscles, like the ones above.
9: 8. Calvin Cycle A C3 cycle, also known as the light independent cycle, of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis takes places in the leaves of plants.
10: 9. C-4 Plant C4 plants use a different form of CO2 take up. They use a 4-carbon molecule instead of two 3-carbon molecules like the Calvin Cycle.
11: 10. Cellulose This is an organic polysaccharide and is a structural component of cell wall in green plants. It is even obtained from wood and cotton and used to make paper.
12: 11. Chitin Its a polymer and derivative of glucose. It is a main component in cell walls in fungi, exoskeletons of stuff like shrimp, lobsters, crabs, and insects.
13: During fermentation, yeast interacts with sugar to create ethanol and CO2. | 13. Fermentation | During lactic acid fermentation, sugars are broken down and converted to cell energy and lactate
14: 14. Glycogen A polysaccharide made and stored in cells of liver and muscles, it is a source of energy in animals and fungi.
15: 15. K-strategist Only have a few offspring, require parental care until the organism is mature enough to be able to survive the environment. Have larger body sizes and longer life expectancy
16: 16. Insect Class within the arthropods, they have distinctive characteristics, such as a three-part body, three pairs of jointed legs, and antennae. One of the most diverse groups of animals on the planet. The worm above is covered with ants.
17: 17. Lipid Naturally occurring molecules that include fats, phospholipids, steroids, and waxes. There are two main types of lipids, saturated and unsaturated.
18: 18. Monocot plant with flower and leaf Monocots have embryos with a single cotyledon, flower parts in multiples of three, major leaf veins are parallel, stem vascular bundles are scattered Lilies are a monocot plant
19: 19. Thorn of a plant The thorn of plants are modified branches or stems. They are a form of protection for the plant.
20: 28. Frond A large divided leaf.
21: 20. Fruit- dry with seed Nuts are seen as dry fruit with seed.
22: 21. R-strategist Reproduce as fast and as much as possible, leave offspring on their own as soon as they can. They do not live for long periods of time. In this case the ants (feeding off the worm) are r-strategists.
23: 22. Rhizome A stem of a plant that is usually found underground. Ginger and yucca are both roots.
24: 22. Annelid The annelids, formally called Annelida, are a large phylum of segmented worms
25: 23. Exoskeleton External skeleton that supports and protects an animal's body. Such as the skeleton of a crab.
26: 24. Xerophyte Plants that are able to survive environments that lack water.
27: 25. Plant cuticle Plant cuticles are the protective waxy covering on leaves, it is produced only by the epidermal cells of leaves.
28: 26. Pollen A powder containing microgametophytes of seed plants, it is the way plants are able to reproduce. Most of the times, these plants require other organisms to deliver the pollen into other plants in order to reproduce.
29: 28. Connective tissue Found everywhere in our body. It stores energy, protects organs, and provides a framework for the body.
30: 29. Radial symmetry Classified in the taxon Radiata. Animals or plants that are symmetrical about an axis existing on the center.
31: 30. Parasite A non mutual relationship between different organisms, most of the time one is feeding in some way off of the other. In this case we see a dog, dogs (but not mine) are prone to have fees that in their coats and take their blood.
32: 31. Auxin producing area of a plant Auxin is a hormone made by plants where new root or shoot is growing, allowing the plant to growth in length, the center where there is a dome with a tip, is the auxin producing area
33: 32. Ethylene An organic compounds with a "sweet and musky" oder, Fruits emit ethylene gas as they ripen, this is the reason for the banana being in the picture.
34: 33. Ectotherm Organisms that have can only create a low level of heat in order to maintain body temperature, they must rely on other sources to do this work.
35: 34. Endotherm Organism that creates it's own heat by different matters, such as muchle shivering or increasing metabolism, this heat is used to maintain body temperature.
36: 35. Cambium Only a few leafs have cambium, it is the source of the secondary xylem and the secondary phloem. It is a layer dividing them, It is responsible for the secondary growth of stems and roots. Trees often branch out and spread their roots.
37: 36. Eukaryote Animals, plants, algae and fugi are different types of eukaryotes. Are bigger than protists, and are often treated as a superkingdom or a domain. A cat is an animal, therefor it is also a Eukaryote.
38: 37. Enzyme Special proteins that increases reactions in your body by lowering the activation energy.
39: 38. Amylase Enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of starch into sugars, it is present in human saliva. A Night Guard is usually filled with saliva after a nights wear.
40: 39. Autotroph Produce food for themselves, they self-feed. They do such by using their surroundings, generally using energy from light or inorganic chemical reactions. Plants are seen as autotrophs because of their ability to make food with photosynthesis.
41: 40. Muscle Fiber – Striated Combined in parallel fibers, the heart is a involuntary strained muscle.