FC: We Didn't Start the Fire by: Billy Joel
1: Introduction | On this on line scrapbook I demonstrate five topics that I chose from the lyrics of one of Billy Joel's greatest hits: We Didn't Start the Fire. I picked these several topics because I was very interested in those subjects since many people talk about those events and people. Another reason I selected them was because they showed probably the most important phases of history during the era of the Cold War. I dedicate this final social studies project to my 8th grade classmates and my wonderful social studies teacher Ms. Bartosz.
2: Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini was his actual name, but then was changed to Paul to spread the religious beliefs about Christ. Pope Paul VI was born the 26th of September 1897 in the city of Concesio, Italy. In the year of 1916 he entered the seminary, which is a school of advanced religious education, to become a Roman Catholic Priest. He was then officially named priest on May 29th 1920. Many years later, on June 21st, 1963, he became the 262nd pope. He was the pope for 15 years and 45 days until the day he died on August 6th, 1978. Paul VI was responsible for continuing with the Second Vatican Council. He was also the first pope to ever travel by airplane which allowed him to visit many countries and also to improve relations with non-Christian countries. | Pope Paul VI
4: Malcolm Little, was his name at first and was born May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska to Ear Little and Louise Little. His father was an outspoken Baptist minister who later died in a fire. His mother had a difficult life working at home, trying to feed Malcolm and his eight other siblings. After a few years passed, he dropped out of school because his teacher told him to be a carpenter instead of a lawyer. He moved to Boston and became a drug dealer and the leader of a street gang. Police caught him stealing and sent him to jail in 1946. While in prison, he started reading books about the leader of Islam, Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm started following his beliefs. He then got out of jail in 1952 and committed to the Islam beliefs. Islam’s leader, Elijah Muhammad, got a chance to meet Malcolm and ranked him representative of the Nation of Islam. Many people in the U.S.A knew who Malcolm X was and he started giving speeches about the civil rights movement and how black people were discriminated. He was now a public speaker and a human rights activist. Some time passed and he returned to Islam and changed his name to Malcolm X, following the tradition with the belief that their family name had originated from a white slave. He then again changed his name to El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz. Malcolm returned back to the United States and was entering a ballroom when he was suddenly shot fifteen times, dying on February 21, 1965. | Malcolm X
6: John Fitzgerald Kennedy, better known as JFK was the 35th President of the United States. He was born May 29, 1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts, to Joseph Patrick Kennedy and Rose Fitzgerald. His father was a wealthy businessman and later on the ambassador to Great Britain. John had 8 siblings: Jean, Robert, Patricia, Eunice, Kathleen, Rosemary, Jack, and Joe Jr. Kennedy. As a young kid and a teenager John, went to many different schools, but the most impressive one when he attended was Harvard College in September 1936, earning a science degree. Several years later, in September 1941, JFK joined the U.S. Navy and fought in WW2. After they had finally won the war, he won many medals and then represented his home state Massachusetts at the 11th Congressional District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953, as a Democrat. During those years he married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier and had 4 children. Only two of the four survived, they were Caroline and John Jr. Kennedy. Patrick died two days after he was born and the last daughter died before even being born. Later on, he became part of the U.S. Senate until 1960 which was the year of the elections in the U.S. At this time, Kennedy ran for President as a Democrat and defeated the Republican leader Richard Nixon. | John F. Kennedy
7: As president he had to face some of the most conflictive events that were happening around the world. Some of the events that stood out the most were: The Cuban Missile Crisis, The Bay of Pigs Invasion and the building of the Berlin Wall. One day when John was traveling to Dallas, Texas for political reasons, he was sitting in a convertible car when he was suddenly shot two times by Lee Harvey Oswald with a sniper rifle. One shot hit his back and the final shot hit his head. The bullets were fired from the 6th floor of the Texas School Book Depository building. He was pronounced dead November 22, 1963.
8: Richard Milhous Nixon was born in Yorba Linda, California on January 9th, 1913 to Francis A. Nixon and Hannah Milhous Nixon. Francis (Richard’s father) was owner of a grocery store and of a gas station. Richard’s mom Hannah was a housemother that took care of her five children, Harold, Richard, Francis, Arthur and Edward. Harvard University sent Richard a scholarship but his parents couldn’t afford for Richard to be living in the east side of the country. Unlike Harvard, Duke University offered Richard a full scholarship with everything covered. On June 21, 1940 Richard married Thelma “Pat” Ryan and had two daughters, Patricia and Julie. After the Pearl Harbor attack Richard joined the army and fought in WW2 as a Lieutenant Commander. After the war was over in 1946, he was elected as representative of California's 12th congressional district in the House of Representatives. Later on in 1950, he was elected as senator for California. Next, in the presidential elections of 1952, Nixon became the 36th vice president of the United States under Dwight Eisenhower. Before Nixon had been vice president, he ran for president against John F. Kennedy but he was not victorious. Since he did not win and his campaign as a senator in California did not go well, he decided to temporarily leave politics. However, he came back in the elections of 1968 and was elected as the 37th President of the United States. Immediately after he was elected president, he had to deal with the Vietnam War and how to end it. | Richard Nixon
9: On August 9, 1974 President Nixon resigned because he was involved in the Watergate scandal. He was the first and only president of the United States that resigned office. Nixon suffered a stroke on April 18th, 1994 and then four days later, on April 22, 1994 Richard Nixon died.
10: Woodstock was a three day music festival that started on August 15th and went on until August 18th, 1969. It was in Bethel, New York in Max Yasgur’s 600-acre (2.4 km2) dairy farm. There were four men that helped and were the founders of the Woodstock Music and Art Festival; Michael Lang, John Roberts, Joel Rosenman and Artie Kornfeld. These men invited a total of forty-one very famous artists at the time, such as Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Santana, Janis Joplin etc. Out of those forty-one artists and bands, 32 attended at the Festival. Famous bands and artists that declined or had to cancel the invitation were; The Beatles, Led Zeppelin Bob Dylan and several more. Rock was the main genre in the festival, but they had different types. For example, Hard rock, Latin rock, folk rock, Blues- rock, jazz, psychedelic rock. At the end they estimated that there was an audience of five hundred-thousand people (500,000). The concert was a total success except there were some wounded or killed people because the majority of the people in the concert were high on drugs or drunk. The main reason they had done this festival was to find love and peace since it was during the Vietnam War. Before the festival had started, it was a paid concert, but the day before the festival they had cut down all the fences so it was then a “free concert”. | Woodstock Festival
11: One year later in 1970 they came out with the documentary. The Rolling Stones called it: one of the most important events in the history of rock.
12: We Didn't Start the Fire Quiz | 1.How many siblings did John F. Kennedy have? 2.What number president of the United States was Richard Nixon? 3.How many people attended the Woodstock festival? 4.What number Pope was Paul VI? 5.How many times was Malcolm X shot and where?
13: Image Bibliography | Cover Page: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-Fv5hNIK8idk/TdfYWDBM65I/AAAAAAAAANg/YwhpQtxGZ5Y/s1600/billy-joel-we-didnt-start-the-7023-1233002619-0.jpg http://www.gew3.org/covers/r/artists/200/billy-joel.jpg http://www.frontrowking.com/Concert_Tickets/Pics/billy-joel.jpg http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-WyAdZWZmd4w/TYzmhN0pPxI/AAAAAAAABfs/WPvW1GxqM1o/s1600/Billy%2BJoel%2BWe%2BDidnt%2BStart%2Bthe%2BFire.jpg Pope Paul VI: http://i.acdn.us/image/A2603/260333/300_260333.jpg http://uvcarmel.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/pope-paul-vi-2.jpg Malcolm X: http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/00158/images/malcolmx2.jpg http://www.sofreshandsogreen.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/malcolm+x.jpg John F. Kennedy: http://sickhop.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/johnfk.jpg http://criminalstate.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/jfk.jpg Richard Nixon: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/archive/2/20/20090127002541!Richard_Nixon.jpg http://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/Politics/images-2/Richard-Nixon-leaving-white-house.jpg Woodstock Festival: http://bohemianeden.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/woodstock_csg025.jpg http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3296/2446334455_7ce76f55ec.jpg
14: Text Bibliography | Pope Paul VI: "Pope Paul VI." The Holy See. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr 2011.
15: Richard Nixon: Simkin, John. Spartacus Educational. N.p., 2011. Web. 4 Jun 2011.