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Antebellum GA and The Civil War

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BC: The End

FC: By: Caroline Byrd | Antebellum Georgia & The Civil War

1: Antebellum | GA | and the Civil War

2: A | Antebellum | The Antebellum period was the period before the civil war began. This period of time was filled with turmoil and a lot of disagreement among people. Slavery played a huge roll in this time in history as well as battles and skirmishes.

3: Battles | B | Battles played a large role in this time period. In Georgia alone, over 100 battles and skirmishes were fought. Tons of men fighting for their rights were killed during these fights that could go on for days.

4: C | Compromise | Many compromises between different states were used to determine slave states and free states. The three main compromises that took place were the Missouri Compromise, The Compromise Of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Compromise. Each of these compromises took a part in leading the US into the Civil War. | Missouri Compromise: *Henry & Clay *Maine enters free *Missouri enters slave *No slavery North of Missouri's southern border | Compromise of 1850: *Henry Clay *Cali free *Fugative Slave Act | Kansas- Nebraksa Compromise: *Created Kansas & Nebraska Territories

5: Dred Scott | Dred Scott was born into slavery in the late 1790's. His birth name was Sam but when his brother, whos name was Dred died, Sam began to use his brothers name. | When he grew up, he was taken, by his owner, from the slave state of Missori to the free state of Ilinois | D | D

6: Economy | The majority of Georgia's economy was agriculture. | Cotton was the main crop that was grown in Georgia | Slaves were a large part in the production of crops on farms and plantations | E

7: F | Freedom | Most slaves sought freedom. Few slaves got away without their owners coming after them. Abolitionist did what they could to do away with slavery and free suffering slaves.

8: Gold | Gold had already been discovered in 1829. Those who came to search for Gold were called "fourty-niners". The majority of the Gold was found in Dahlonega, which is still a place where you can go and pan for Gold. | Stared the world's first Gold rush | G

9: Raid On Harper's Ferry | Place where John Brown led a party of 21 black and white men. They were in a raid on the federal arsenal. Brown and his men took over the building where guns and such had been stored. | John Brown was tried for treason after the event at Harper's Ferry and was sentenced to be hung | H

10: Issue of Slavery | Slavery became a huge issue during this time in history. Slaves made up over 4 million of the total black population in the country just in the 1860's | Even slave's skin color made a difference in a slave's work and life. | I

11: Jefferson Davis | Jefferson Davis was a man who worked to keep the Union together. In January 1861, he resigned from the Senate. A month later he was elected president of the Confederacy | J

12: The Ku Klux Klan was a very secret organization. Most of the leaders were former Confederate Army members. This clan was formed to try to keep freed men from exercising their rights. | Ku Klux Klan | K

13: Robert E. Lee | L | Robert E. Lee was a commanding confederate general. He was born in Virginia in 1807. He also had a famous horse named traveler during the Civil War.

14: March to the Sea | The March to the Sea was led by William T. Sherman. | Sherman and his army marched through the state burning everything in their path from Atlanta to Savannah. | Damage from the March were estimated to be around $100 million dollars. | M

15: Before the Civil War took place, there were 23 states in the North. An estimated total population of the North averaged around 22 million people. Going into the war, the North had more leaders and didn't take as many risks as the South did. | The North | N

16: Outlawing Slavery | Oregon was an area of land that was wanted by the US. This area stretched Northward to what now is British Colombia's northern border. British disagree with US on where the boundary line should be drawn and a war is almost declared. | O

17: Planters | Planters were people who owned plantations with over 50 slaves and 1000 acres of land. They were said to be the wealthiest people in United States. They lived a very luxurious life in magnificent mansions. | P

18: John Quincy Adams | John Quincy Adams was the 6th President of the United States,. He was a congressman from Massachusetts. He also fought vigorously to rally northern support | Q

19: Reconstruction | After the Civil War, much reconstruction was in order. President Lincoln developed a plan for reconstruction of the South and restoring the southern states to the Union the quickest and easiest way possible. When Lincoln was assassinated, President Andrew Johnson decided to carry out Lincoln's plan to rebuild and reconstruct | R

20: State's Rights | State's Rights are the beliefs that a state's interests should take precedence over the interests of the national government. The North felt all states needed to follow laws made by the federal government. The South felt that "polititions" from states such as Maine & New York could not possibly know what is best for the South. | S

21: Tariffs | T | The North and South had very different views on Tariffs. The North favored high tariffs on goods from other countries so that goods that were manufactured in the North would cost less and would outsell foreign goods. The South , however, favored low tariffs because they got most of their things from other countries and did not manufacture as much as the North

22: The Underground Railroad is said to have helped thousands of slaves escape into freedom. Something most people do not know is that the Underground Railroad was not really a railroad and it wasn't really underground! It was a tough journey to freedom but certainly worth the trip | Underground Railroad | U

23: Voting | Every vote counted in the Election Of 1860. Abraham Lincoln was elected president during this election. People in GA were not very happy about Lincoln being elected President and talk of pulling out of the Union was being spread all around the US | In the Election Of 1860 | V

24: Work | W | The work routines of slaves varies from place to place depending on where they worked. Slaves who worked for rice-planters were said to have the hardest work of all slaves. Slave women were forced to work equally as hard as the slave men.

25: Y | Yeoman Farmers | Yeoman Farmers made up around 75 percent of the whit population. By far, Yeoman Farmers were the largest group of white southerners. They were independent farmers who often lived from season to season. most of them were subsistence farmers

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