S: Aristotle: A Great Mind
FC: Aristotle | A Great Mind
1: Brannon Linder February 6, 2012 Period 7 How do we know the truth?
2: Aristotle: A Great Mind | Aristotle was born in Northern Greece. He was the son of Nichomachus, who was the royal physician to the Macedonian royal family. Because his father was a physician, Aristotle first studied medicine, but he later went to Athens to study under Plato at his academy in 367 BCE. When Plato died, Aristotle was not appointed the head of the | academy even though he was Plato's prized student. He then left Athens to study in multiple places such as Asia Minor and its surrounding islands. There, he studied zoology and biology. In 338, Aristotle returned to Macedon to tutor Alexander the Great, and when Macedon conquered all of Greece, Aristotle returned to Athens where he created his own academy called the Lyceum. However, Athenians opposed Macedonian rule; Aristotle's found himself in a very dangerous situation for he did not oppose his student's rule. So, he then went into exile on an island named Euboea where he died later.
4: Aristotle made many contributions in many fields. He actually wrote 150 philosophical treatises, however, only 30 have survived throughout the ages. | Contributions | Matter | Aristotle was one of the first people to hypothesize that all objects, including living things, are composed of matter. He also theorized that matter appears in a form. For instance, marble can be sculpted into different forms depending on what the sculptor wants it to look like.
5: Aristotle's work in zoology was some of the greatest works of his time and for a period of time after. He studied animals like the octopus, cuttlefish, and crustaceans where his descriptions and his findings were very accurate. He developed many theories and other findings, too. For instance, the developed a theory of how chicks were created in the embryonic stages of its life, how whales and dolphins are different from fish, how sharks gave birth to live young, the chambered stomachs of ruminants, the social organization of bees, and much more. He also was the first to classify animals by their Genera and their Species. | Zoology | Zoology
6: Earth Science | In addition to zoology, Aristotle made many contributions to Earth Science, or Meteorology, as he called it. He provided explanations for many things, although some were inaccurate. One accurate one was his description of the water cycle. He hypothesized that water is heated by the sun, goes into the atmosphere in a vapor form, and then condenses back into water and rains. | He also provided explanations for wind, earthquakes (underground winds), thunder, lightning, rainbows, meteors, comets, and the Milky Way (an atmospheric phenomenon). Despite the fact that some theories are considered illogical today, they were a large milestone in human history for understanding the world better.
7: Aristotelian Philosophy Revival | Much of Aristotle's work was forgotten for years, but when the Middle Ages arrived, they were revived by scholars who then believed in all of Aristotle's teachings in exception to those contradicting the Bible. These scholars called Aristotle "Ille Philosophus," (The Philosopher) or The Master of Them That Know. | Aristotelian Philosophy later became the official philosophy of the Roman Catholic Church. Additionally, a large number of discoveries made were criticized because they were not mentioned by Aristotle. Galileo's discoveries are an example of this.
8: How did Aristotle attempt to find the Truth? | So, how did Aristotle attempt to find the Truth? Well, to answer this, we do not need to look far. The saying "Knowledge is power" gives insight of what they Truth was in Aristotle's eyes. He believed that the Truth was the explanation for everything that happens in the universe. He wanted to discover all that he possibly could in order to increase the chances of either him or his successors to find the Truth. Without him, many principles that we know today may not have been established. Aristotle also believed that teaching others was a way of finding the Truth. Without passing on what is known, the is little chance of making progress. This is evident in teachers. They always strive to pass on what we know so that the young are prepared for the future.
10: Reflection | This project was a great way to express creativity and information about an important figure in Greece. Overall, I am very happy at the way the scrapbook turned out. It looks nice and is packed with information about Aristotle. I love the use of backgrounds and the positions of the text and pictures. However, like every great work of art, it is not perfect. For instance, I think that the scrapbook looks a little short to be a scrapbook and that there are not enough pictures. If I had to do this again, I would try to fix these problems by adding more pages and pictures. I would also try to elaborate more on how Aristotle tried to discover the truth. Although I did a good job, I think that it could be longer and more complex.
11: Citations: | Waggoner, Ben. "Aristotle." Aristotle. University of California, 1994. Web. 5 Feb. 2012.
12: Florida Center for Instrucitonal Technology. Stature of Aristotle. Digital image. Clipart ETC. Clipart ETC, 2009. Web. 2 Feb. 2012.
13: The Original Dolphin Watch. Dolphin. Digital image. The Original Dolphin Watch. The Original Dolphin Watch. Web. 5 Feb. 2012.