FC: 20 Beneficial Plants & 8 Useful Bugs!
1: No two gardens are the same. No two days are the same in one garden. Hugh Johnson
2: All the information was researched and compiled by Form 3 Biology students & Ms N Scerri
3: Contributors Ylenia Attard Melanie Azzopardi Nicole Barbara Cheryl Cortis Bernardette Cutajar Rebecca Marie Falzon Sarah Marie Falzon Alexia Farrugia Dorianne Galea Maria Xuereb Melanie Zahra Cristina Zammit
4: Garlic has been considered by many to be a herbal "wonder drug", with a reputation in folklore for preventing or treating everything from the common cold and flu to the plague. Modern science has shown that garlic is a powerful natural antibiotic.
7: It contains vitamin C and minerals, and is used traditionally as a mild medicine. Hibiscus contains antioxidants that help control cholesterol levels and reduce heart disease. | Hibiscus
8: Sage is a mild tonic that stimulates the central nervous system, strengthening it to reduce excess nervous energy. This mild tonic calms the nerves, relieves spasms, induces sleep and relieves depression
10: Echinacea is a herbal supplement used to boost immune function. It is useful for colds and upper respiratory infections, and it has been used as immune support by those undergoing cancer treatments. | Echinacea
11: Sunflower | The sunflower seeds are incredibly rich sources of many essential minerals. Calcium, iron, manganese, zinc, magnesium, selenium, and copper are especially concentrated in sunflower. Many of these minerals have vital role in bone mineralization, red blood cell production, enzyme synthesis, hormone production, as well as regulation of cardiac and skeletal muscle activities.
12: It is known for its relaxing and soothing properties and is often taken before bed to promote restful sleep. It is also helpful for a variety of stomach problems. | Chamomile | Chamomile has immune boosting properties and helps in the fight against colds due to its antibacterial properties.
13: Anise | The volatile oil, mixed with spirits of wine forms the liqueur Anisette, which has a beneficial action on the bronchial tubes, and for bronchitis and spasmodic asthma, Anisette, if administered in hot water, is an immediate palliative.
14: Lavender Lavender is the most popular essential oil, due to its ability to release tension, disinfect skin and the ability to successfully treat various respiratory problems.
15: Lavender is used extensively with herbs and aromatherapy. English lavender yields an essential oil with sweet overtones and can be used in balms, perfumes and cosmetics. These remedies should be used with caution since lavender oil can also be a powerful allergen.
16: Parsley | The vitamin C and vitamin A found in parsley serve to strengthen the body's immune system. Parsley also has several anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory chemicals.
17: Jasmine Jasmine flowers can be used to make perfumes and Jasmine tea. Jasmine flowers are considered to improve digestion, help in the removal of toxins from the body and in the loss of weight. They also help the acceleration of metabolism, they improve the blood circulation. Recent studies show that jasmine flowers help to fight cancer.
18: Heather is an important food source for various sheep and deer which can graze the tip of the plant. It is used for brewing and honey-making. They are also used for gastrointestinal disorders, colic, liver and gallbladder disease
20: Dandelion Dandelion leaves are used as a diuretic to help the body get rid of excess fluid. Traditionally, dandelion roots and leaves were used to treat liver problems. Native Americans also boiled dandelion in water and took it to treat kidney disease, skin problems and upset stomach. Dandelion may also lower blood sugar levels.
21: Ginger | Ginger works wonders in the treatment of everything, from cancer to migraines.
22: spring | Violets | Violets have been used to improve acne, anger, asthma, bronchitis, colds, eczema, fever, breast disease, grief, headache, heartbreak, lymphatic congestion, mumps, scurvy, sore throat, ulcers, urinary tract infection, varicose veins, and whooping cough. Apply a cloth soaked in violet leaf and/or flower tea to the back of the neck to treat headaches. The flowers are eaten as a breath freshener.
24: Ginseng | Ginseng can be used to improve the health of people recovering from illness. It increases a sense of wellbeing and stamina, and improves both mental and physical performance. | It can also be used to lower blood glucose levels and to control blood pressure. It reduces the levels of stress in both men and women.
25: Because peppermint has a calming and numbing effect it has been used to treat headaches, skin irritations, anxiety associated with depression, nausea, diarrhea, menstrual cramps and flatulence. | Peppermint | It may have antibacterial, anti-fungal, and antiviral properties. It is also an ingredient in chest rubs used to treat symptoms of the common cold.
27: Aloe Vera are beneficial for digestive function. A healthy digestive system, supported by aloe, absorbs better the nutrients and eliminates all harmful elements, thereby promoting our body's health. | Aloe Vera | Aloe Vera drink has natural detoxifying properties that work to cleanse the digestive system and the circulatory system Aloe Vera is often used for anti-aging creams.
28: Tea Tree | Tea tree oil is extracted from the leaves of the tea tree through a steam distillation process. Tea tree oil has many beneficial properties when it is applied topically. These include antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties.
29: Great Burdock | It's roots are used to treat diabetes. The seeds are usually used as an antiseptic but are also used to treat sore throat, flu, insect and snake bites. | The Great Burdock's leaves are made into tea and used in China to treat vertigo, measles and rheumatism. The leaf wash is used to treat eczema and other skin irritations.
30: Pot Marigold
31: Marigold is useful in stomach upsets, ulcers, menstrual problems, eye infections, inflammations and wound healing.
32: Assassin Bugs | They are called 'assassin' bugs because of their habit of lying in ambush for their insect prey. They are beneficial since they feed on several organisms, such as, flies, mosquitoes and caterpillars, that are normally pests to farmers and gardeners.
33: Lacewing | The lacewings are widely used in various situations to control many different pests. The adult lacewings do not kill pest insects, but normally feed on foods such as nectar, pollen and honeydew. Their young, however, feed on aphids and other small insects, that cause damage to vegetable crops.
34: The praying mantis is named for its prominent front legs, which are bent and held together at an angle that suggests the position of prayer. It feeds on several pest insects such as aphids and flies, however it may also eat beneficial insects such as the beetle. Some keep them as pets! | Praying Mantis
35: Ladybird beetle | Ladybirds are among the most beneficial insects to be found in gardens. A female ladybird may eat up to 2,400 aphids during her life span.
36: Dragonflies Dragonflies spend most of their lives in the larva stage. The adult, winged stage only lasts a few weeks. Mating is the primary reason for their winged stage. So when you see a winged dragonfly, you know it's toward the end of its lifespan. Sad but true. Dragonflies can be useful in controlling mosquito populations. Mosquitoes are one of their primary food sources!
37: Bee | Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, and are known for their role in pollination and for producing honey and beeswax.
38: Parasitic Wasp Parasitic wasps help farmers and gardeners in naturally controlling crops by killing those insects that are harmful to the crops. This is known as biological pest control. By doing so, these beneficial insects help reduce the insect pest populations and thereby help growers improve their field and garden products. Parasitic wasps feed on aphids, caterpillars, beetles, scale, and flies.
39: Ground beetle larvae develop in the soil, and prey on slugs, root maggots, cutworms, and other pests on the ground. A few species will venture up a plant stem and hunt for caterpillars or insect eggs. | GroundBeetle
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