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Biology cell book

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S: The Cell

BC: biblography | www.cellsalive.com http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/C/Cilia.html http://www.ehow.com/how-does_5492286_cell-organelles-work-together.html

FC: By: Mackenzie Fegan and Kristen Stupka | What makes up the cell?

1: cells | Cell Theory: | all organisms are composed of one or more cells, the cell is the base unit of structure and organization of organisms. All cells come from preexisting cells | Definition: | the basic structural unit of any living thing that is organized.

2: Cell history | The study of cells began by Robert Hooke, cork experiment. | Matthias Schleiden suggested that all plant tissues are made of cells. | 1838 | 1665 | Theodor Schwann discovered animal parts are made up of cells | 1839 | 1858 | Rudolf Virchow suggested that all cells come from preexisting cells

3: Theodor Schwann | Robert Hooke | Rudolf Virchow

4: Prokaryotic Cells | definition: a group of organisms that lack a cell nucleus (= karyon), or any other membrane-bound organelles. They differ from the eukaryotes, which have a cell nucleus.

5: Eukaryotic Cells | definition: an organism whose cells contain complex structures inside the membranes. The defining membrane-bound structure that sets eukaryotic cells apart from prokaryotic cells is the nucleus, or nuclear envelope, within which the genetic material is carried. | Eukaryotic cells are typically much larger than prokaryotic cells.

6: Animal Cell contains: nucleus, nucleolus, cytosol, centrosome, centriole, golgi, lysosome, peroxisome, secretory vesicle, cell membrane, mitochondrion, vacuole, smooth endoplasmic reticulm, rough endoplasmic reticulm, ribosomes, cytoskeleton.

7: Plant Cell contains: nucleus, nucleolus, cytosol, centrosome, golgi, lysosome, peroxisome, secretory vescile, cell membrane, mitochondrion, vacuole, cell wall, chloroplast, smooth endoplasmic reticulm, rough endoplasmic reticulm, ribosomes, cytoskeleton

8: Bacterial Cell contains: cytoplasm, nucleoid, ribosomes, cell wall, cytoplastmic membrane

9: 1. Nucleus 2. Mitochondria 3. DNA 4. Chromosomes 5. Cell membrane 6. cell wall 7. Flagella 8. Cilia | 1. | 2. | 3. | 4. | 5. | 6. | 7. | 8.

10: 1. Chloroplast 2.centrioles 3.endoplasmic reticulum 4.vacuoles 5.cytoskeleton 6.cytoplasm 7.lysosomes 8.golgi apparatus 9.ribosomes | 1. | 2 | 3. | 4. | 5. | 6. | 7. | 8. | 9.

11: mitochondria: Provides energy for the cell to move, divide, and produce secretory products & contracts. The power centers of the cell. nucleus: a membrane-enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells. It contains most of the cells genetic material | DNA: contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. It stores information. Basic blue print of a cell. chromosome: an organized structure of DNA and protein that is found in cells. | cell membrane: keeps the organelles inside the cell, but allows some things from the outside in. cell wall: provides and maintains the shape of the cell. flagella: long, thread-like appendages which provide some live single cells with the ability to move

12: cilia: protects our bodies from germs in the lungs, and pushing an ovum down the fallopian tube. chloroplast: responsible for a plant's green color. | centrioles: a ring of nine groups of microtubules. two in an animal cell and are always perpendicular from each other. endoplasmic reticulm: an eukaryotic organelle that forms an interconnected network of tubules, vesicles, and cisternae within cells. | vacuoles: plays roles in digestion and the release of cellular waste products. cytoskeleton: cells that are capable of changing their shape,

13: cytoplasm: the liquid that fills a cell. this contains endoplasmic reticulm and mitochondria. lysosomes: common in animal cells, contains hydrolytic enzymes necessary for digestion. | golgi apparatus: has a single membrane, important for packaging macromolecules for transport elsewhere in the cell. ribosomes: responsible for assembling the proteins of the cell.

14: The cell nucleus is an organelle that functions as command-central. The nucleus contains the DNA that coordinates the growth and functioning of the rest of the cell. An organelle that works very closely with the nucleus is DNA in the nucleus for building cellular proteins. the ribosome. In fact, the ribosome originates in another organelle | contained within the nucleus called the nucleolus. The ribosome obtains codes from the the DNA in the nucleus for building cellular proteins. Lysosomes also act as a garbage truck, hauling away waste and dumping it outside the cell.A fairly large and extensive organelle is the endoplasmic reticulum. The endoplasmic reticulum is a complex series of folded or sort of crumpled membranes.

15: It is connected to the membrane that surrounds the nucleus and extends out into the cell's cytoplasm. In doing so, it establishes a chemical communication pathway between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Golgi apparatus specializes in preparing materials, like proteins, for transport through the cell membrane to the exterior of the cell. | The energy extracted in the mitochondria by metabolizing a food source such as glucose is essential to the functioning of all the other organelles in the cell.The centriole's function has to do with the cell division(only in animal cells).The chloroplasts converts the energy from sun light into chemical energy that plants and animals need to survive.

16: Also, the cytoskeleton gives our cells shape, strength, and the ability to move, but it does much more than that. If you are a man, your sperm use long tails called flagella to swim. If you are a woman, hairlike fibers called cilia sweep newly released eggs from your ovaries into your uterus. And all that is thanks to the cytoskeleton.

17: animal cell | bacteria | plant cell

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  • Title: Biology cell book
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