FC: Nathaniel Hawthorne
2: Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts on July 4, 1804, our nation's twenty-eighth year of independence. Hawthorne was born into the sixteenth generation of his Salem family. His ancestors consisted of businessmen, seamen, and judges; one of which was a judge for the famous Salem Witch Trials that accused and executed many townspeople for witchcraft. The members of Hawthorne's family were Puritans of devout faith, and the brilliant author utilized the experiences to put a special energy and background in many of his stories. Nathaniel Hawthorne Sr. died in 1808 when Nathaniel was just a small, four-year-old boy. The father was a seaman and was
3: stricken with yellow fever. This devastating occurrence left Elizabeth, Nathaniel Hawthorne's mother, all alone to raise the young boy and his two siblings. The children's uncle financially provided for Nathaniel's college education at Bowdoin in Brunswick, Maine. Hawthorne objected to this at first saying, "I do not want to be a doctor and live by men's diseases, nor a minister to live by their sins, nor a lawyer and live by their quarrels. So, I don't see that there is anything left for me but to be and author." Even at this adolescent age | the young man knew that all he wanted to be was a story writer. Regardless of his stubborn plans, Hawthorne went to school in the years of 1821 through 1825. He graduated with classmates that had much success; Ones such as the poet, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and Franklin Pierce, the fourteenth president of the United States. While attending the university Hawthorne was well instructed in English composition and the classics, especially in Latin. Hawthorne was still as shy and isolated as he was when he was a child. He refused to participate in the public speaking assignments, which was the only thing that hindered him from an outstanding academic record. After Hawthorne's time at school was over, he returned
4: to his mother's house in Salem. There Hawthorne went back to his solitude ways. He wrote many short stories in this time and criticized his own work very harshly. Many of his stories were burned in his fireplace. He seemed to be a little insecure when it came to his works. Once he published a book anonymously in order to test the water. The book did not get much attention so that hurt the sensitive author. Finally his | schoolmate Horatio Bridge convinced him to publish under his own name, and Twice-Told Tales was a success, gathering a few favorable reviews one from his friend Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Hawthorne, of course, ended up writing stories that were loved by readers; even today people enjoy the challenging read the author pitches. The most popular ones are Young Goodman Brown, The Minister's Black Veil, The Birthmark, and The Scarlett Letter. Hawthorne eventually came out of his shell, got married, and had three children. The family of five moved around a lot but wound up living in Wayside where Hawthorne began writing in his journal of physical
5: illness. The man would not allow a doctor to check on him, and he became increasingly weak and depressed. Nathaniel Hawthorne died on May 19, 1864 when going to visit his old friend President Pierce. It is assumed that he passed away peacefully in his sleep.
6: Twice Told Tales | Bibliography of Nathaniel Hawthorne | (1835) The Minister's Black Veil | (1836) Twice-Told Tales | (1837) The Birthmark | (1843) The Scarlett Letter | (1850) The House of the Seven Gables | (1851) The Blithedale Romance | (1852) Tanglewood Tales | (1853) The Marble Faun | (1860) | (1832) Young Goodman Brown
8: Literary Analysis | Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote numerous short stories and novels that even to this day entertain and challenge readers. His works made him one of the greatest American Writers ever to pick up a pen. The relentless drive Hawthorne possessed caused him to criticize his own works with very high standards, which placed him at a rank worthy of tribute. Because Nathaniel Hawthorne came from a Puritan family, it is no surprise that much of his work consists of religion, witchcraft, and other aspects of that nature. In Young Goodman Brown the main character is torn between two realities; One being that he has an amazing wife and Christian neighbors, and the other being that everyone he knows and loves is a devil-worshiping hypocrite. The psychological issues and ambiguous symbolism make this story one of Hawthorne's most popular short stories. Another famous writing by Hawthorne is The Birthmark. The short story displays the ugly side of obsession that man may ignorantly be endowed with. Aylmer's perfectionist ways and enlarged ego in his scientific skills got his nearly flawless wife killed, and the lesson threaded in that makes this
9: story a classic. In The Minister's Black Veil a man's devoutness and considerably extreme practices dismount him from society and normality. Father Hooper may have been rejected by the townspeople and his wife, but a passage from the last paragraph in the story says, "... Father Hooper fell back upon his pillow, a veiled corpse, with a faint smile lingering on the lips." This suggests that Hooper accepted the consequences and died a satisfied and self-fulfilled man. The ending to The Minister's Black Veil demonstrates that keeping one's priorities straight can extract them from others, but staying true to one's self and beliefs will be rewarded with a form of happiness. Nathaniel Hawthorne knew right from the start that he was going to be an author. He lived a life of solitude and devoted a big part of his life to writing. That is something America can be proud of and thankful for. He was born to create meaningful stories.
10: Comments of the Critics! | "Hawthorne as the century advanced was pouring a deeper and deeper strain of intellectual and moral significance." - Carl Van Doren | "If Hawthorne as a young man had been condemned to wear and 'A,' it would have stood for aristocratic pretention and artistic ambition." - William Heath
11: "There never surely was a powerful, active, continually effective mind less round, more lop-sided, than that of NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE." - Anthony Trollope | "THE romances of Hawthorne can hardly be understood apart from the current of Transcendentalism in which his genius was formed." - John Erskine | "The style of Mr. Hawthorne is purity itself." -Edgar Allen Poe
12: "The color rose into her cheeks, as she intimated the nature of the rumors that were already abroad in the village." This passage is from "The Minister's Black Veil". I believe it shows how well Hawthorne can take something as simple as "She got embarrassed", and turn it into a poetic sentence. | "Watch the stain of the rainbow fading out to the sky, and you will know how that mysterious symbol passed away." Hawthorne wrote this in his short story, "The Birthmark", and it highlights his talent for imagery and illustrations. | Excerpted Works
13: "My Faith is gone!" This is a line from "Young Goodman Brown". It is short and sweet, but its meaning is not as simple as it appears. Notice how the "f" in "Faith" is capitalized. That shows that it is referring to his wife, but it can also be used in the context that he lost faith in his religion. The ambiguity in the meaning is what really defines Hawthorne's style.
14: Works Cited | -Merriman, C.D. “Nathaniel Hawthorne.” online- literature.com. 2007. Web. 17 April 2012. -“Biography of Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864).” gradesaver.com. 1999-2012. Web. 17 April 2012. -“Nathaniel Hawthorne Biography.” notablebiographies.com. n.d. Web. 17 April 2012. -“Early Criticism or Biography of Hawthorne.” eldritchpress.org. n.d. Web. 17 April 2012. -Michael Meyer. ”ABrief Biography and Introduction.” The Bedford Introduction to Literature. Ed. Karen S. Henry. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2008: 394-397. Print.
15: Photograph Citation | en.wikipedia.org. Web. 6 April 2012. en.wikipedia.org. Web. 6 April 2012. ushistoryimages.com. Web. 6 April 2012. doncokerart.com. Web. 9 April 2012. concordma.com. Web. 9 April 2012. donkeefe.com. Web. 12 April 2012. thecoexistcafe.com. Web. 12 April 2012. goodreads.com. Web. 18 April 2012. etsy.com. Web. 18 April 2012. fantasticfiction.co.uk. Web. 18 April 2012. totaltele.com.Web. 18 April 2012. laurynk1112.edublogs.org. Web. 18 April 2012. infomat.com. Web. 18 April 2012. en.wikipedia.org. Web. 18 April 2012, salemweb.com. Web. 18 April 2012.