FC: Cell Organelle Project By: Ian Jimenez and Quentin Uribe
1: Cell Theory | The cell theory has 3 parts: 1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells are the basic units of substructure and function in organisms. 3. All cells arise from existing cells.
2: Prokaryotic Vs. Eukaryotic Cells | Eukaryotic Cells are cells that have a nucleus bound by a double membrane. the DNA in a eukaryotic cell is linear meaning it has a start and a stop it also has a protein in it called histones and are organized into chromosomes. | prokaryotic cells are cells that have no membrane bound nucleus abut they do contain DNA and there is only one circular DNA found in the prokkaryotic cell and it is not found in a nucleus it free floating.
3: Contributions of Matthias Schleiden | Mattthias Schleiden observed that everything is made of cells, and told Schwann about his discovery, making him a co-founder.
4: Contribution of Robert Hooke | Robert Hooke contributed to the cell theory by observing the first plant cells ever. He observed a plant cell in a cork, thus making the discovery of cells.
5: Contributions of Theodor Schwann | Theodor Schwann Contributed the idea that all living things have cells and he came to this conclusion by relating the notochord and what he had seen and knew giving him his theory that all living things have cells.
6: Contributions of Rufolf Virchow | He discovered that all cells come from cells, which means cells reproduce to make more cells. He is a Co-founder of the cell theory.
7: Ribosome, chloroplast, Rough ER | Ribosome:cell organelle composed of rnaand problem synthesis. Chloroplast:specialized organisms found in all higher plant cells. Rough ER:is attached to the ribosomes and transfers proteins.
8: Cell Wall, Central Vacuole,Flaqella | Cell wall:adds structure and seperates cells so that they don't float out. Flaqella:is used to move the cell around. central vacuole:is a big sack of air or partially digested food.
9: Cilia,Nucleus,Golgi | Cilia: A hair like structure that help move liquid past the surface of the wall. | Nucleus: The Nucleus stores the DNA in the Cell. It is the "Center". | Golgi: The Golgi complex contains a great number of vesicles. These vesicles are used to send molecules to the cellular membrane, where they are excreted.
10: Mitochondria | An Organelle found in a large number in most cells, in which biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur.
11: Animal Cell VS. Plant Cell. | the biggest differences between the two is the absence of a vacoule in the animal cell and cilia in the plant cell. Another big difference is the absence of cell walls in the animal cell meaning that the animal cell has no diffined shape and can be munipulated and the plant cell does have a defined usually look like bricks.
12: Cell Membrane | the cell membrane is a element that adds structure to the cell but is not as firm as the cell wall meaning that it has no defined shape.
13: Homeostasis | the cells are effected by homeostasis by when there is something effecting how it should normally be it does all in its power to change and get back to its normal state.